Why people prefer blood cancer treatment in India?
Patients from across the world prefer to visit this country because of several reasons. Some of the reasons to prefer blood cancer treatment in India:
- Affordable cost of treatment
- Highly trained medical staff
- World class facilities
- Use of latest technology
- Quality treatment
- Extensive imaging facilities
- Personalized care
Blood cancer treatment is availed by a huge number of patients each year. There are several hospitals in India that offer multiple treatment options and state-of-the-art treatment facilities.
Everything You Need To Know About Blood Cancer
Blood cancer is a type of an umbrella term used to depict the cancer of the lymphatic system, the blood, and the bone marrow. All these components are a part of the human circulatory system, and cancer formation can take place in any of these components.Blood cancer affects thousands of people around the world each year. Its prevalence is particularly high in the UK, wherein more than 70 people are diagnosed with the blood cancer each day.
What is blood cancer?
Blood cancer refers to the abnormal cancerous growth in the blood-forming tissues and the actual blood cells. As a result, the ability of the body to fight the pathogens and ward off infections is compromised. It affects the function and production of the blood cells, and a majority of these cancers initiate in the bone marrow, where stem cells are present.
A cancer of blood-forming tissues, hindering the body’s ability to fight infection.
The stem cells in the bone marrow develop into three different types of cells, including red blood cells (RBCs), platelets and white blood cells (WBCs). In the case of blood cancer, the normal blood cell development is hindered and as a result, an uncontrolled growth of abnormal blood cells takes place.
These abnormal blood cells circulate in the blood and reduce its quality and function. As a result, some of the important functions of the normal blood cells are lost over a period of time, such as prevention of bleeding and infection.
What is the cost of blood cancer treatment in India?
The cost of blood cancer treatment
in India is highly affordable as compared to other developed countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom. This is despite the fact that the cost includes boarding, lodging, hospital stay, nursing fees and the actual medical treatment cost.
Blood cancer treatment cost in India is, in fact, on of the leading factors why so many patients travel to the country to seek medical treatment. Without disappointment, the quality of medical services offered here can be compared to any other country around the world.
The cost can depend on several factors:
- Treatment procedure
- Technology used
- Severity of defect
- Pre- and after care
- Services included
A 14 to 21-day treatment package for blood cancer may cost anywhere between $6000 to $8000 in India. However, the same package costs around $25000 in the US and $30000 in the UK, Meanwhile, the same treatment package costs around $15000 in Singapore.
Similarly, the cost of chemotherapy that lasts over a period of six months is between $2500 to $3500 in India. This includes the session fees and the cost of chemotherapy drugs. However, the same drugs and treatment cost around $28000 to $30000 in the US, eight to nine times more than what it costs in India.
The cost can depend on several factors:
- Treatment procedure
- Technology used
- Pre- and after care
- Services included
|Blood Cancer Treatment||Average Cost (USD)|
|Leukaemia cancer Treatment||$6000+|
Note: The treatment costs vary from case to case and a specialist review is advised to determine the best procedure/approach for treatment. Several external factors also impact the cost & quality of treatment including the method of treatment, room category and several other factors. Please contact Lyfboat Care Team for a personalised quote and advise.
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What are the types of blood cancer?
There are primarily three types of blood cancer that can be further classified into several forms. However, these three types are most commonly used in medical terminology:
- This type of blood cancer primarily affects bone marrow or the blood. As a result, the ability of the marrow to produce normal blood cells is severely lost in this form of cancer and there are the huge number of abnormal blood cells circulating in the patient’s body. In addition, there is an excess production of abnormal WBCs, which hinders the ability of the body to fight infections.
- In this type of blood cancer, the plasma cells are affected by cancerous cells. These cells are a variety of WBCs and as a result, the ability of the body to fight infections is compromised because of inadequate production of antibodies.
- In this type of blood cancer, cells called lymphocytes are affected. These are a type of WBC corpuscles that play an important role in the human immune system. Abnormal production of lymphocytes leads to accumulation of lymphoma in the lymph nodes and other connective tissues.
What are the symptoms of blood cancer?
The blood cancer symptoms are specific to each cancer types. Some of the common symptoms associated with each type of blood cancer are:
- Leukemia Symptoms
- Symptoms associated with loss of RBCs, including anaemia, fatigue, weakness, intense sweating, difficulty breathing and other symptoms such as swelling of lymph nodes and increased risk of contracting infections.
- Myeloma Symptoms
- There can be no symptoms or signs of myeloma initially. However, with time, the patient may fee fatigue, general weakness, shortness of breath, numbness, chest pain and painful back. Problems with the kidney are likely to happen at a later stage.
- Lymphoma Symptoms
- Swollen lymph nodes (painless) is one of the common symptoms of this type of blood cancer. Decreased hunger, sweating at night, sudden chills and fever are some of the other symptoms.
How to detect blood cancer?
Blood cancer diagnosis is done by the cancer specialist as soon as the patient comes to the doctor with specific symptoms. One of the key symptoms is compromised immunity, following which the doctor orders a few diagnostic tests to get specific information about the condition. As soon as blood cancer is hinted, the patient is referred to a cancer hospital where further testing is conducted. Some of the tests conducted at this stage include complete blood count (CBC), blood protein testing, tumour marker test and circulation tumour cell tests. The results of these tests are carefully analysed by the doctors and all factors that can affect the test results, including diet and body variation, are taken into consideration. The doctor may decide to check whether the results fall within the normal range or they may even compare the results to the tests conducted in the past. Sometimes noncancerous cells may interfere with the test results or in other cases, cancer may still be present and the reports can turn out to be negative. As a result, a careful protocol needs to be followed to make correct blood cancer diagnosis.
What treatment options are available in India for blood cancer treatment?
The blood cancer treatment that a doctor decides to opt for depends on the type of blood cancer, the stage of blood cancer, general health, patient demographics (age and sex) and the severity of the symptoms. Doctors choose the most effective course of treatment, tailored according to the needs of the patient.
Some of the common treatment for all types of blood cancer include:
- This is one of the most common forms of blood cancer treatment that makes use of specific drugs to kill the cancer cells. Chemotherapy helps slow down the progression of cancer or to put it into remission. Chemotherapy is a special treatment, designed to attack cancer cells that grow and multiply faster than the healthy cells. Most often, a combination of two or more drugs is used to treat the patient as the combination is more effective in killing cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be used as a standalone therapy or in combination with radiation therapy.Chemotherapy is also required before stem cell transplant to suppress the immune system so that it does not attack the new donor cells. Chemotherapy, in this case, is called conditional therapy.
- Radiation Therapy
- This type of blood cancer treatment makes use of high-energy X-ray particles to kill cancerous cells. It is a form of targeted therapy that involves the use of an X-ray beam to target cancer cells located in a specific area of the body. Radiation therapy involves the use of a machine called linear accelerator. This treatment is used to treat some forms of lymphoma and leukaemia and also to prepare patients for stem cell transplant as a low dose of radiation suppresses the immune system, so there is no rejection of the donor cells.
- Stem Cell Transplantation
- This type of blood cancer treatment involves the infusion of healthy blood-forming stem cells into the body of the patient. The infused blood cells can be derived from the healthy bone marrow, circulating blood or umbilical cord blood of the patient or the donor. Chemotherapy or radiation therapy is often conducted before stem cell transplantation to suppress the immune system so that the donor cells are not rejected by the body.In some cases, surgery is conducted to remove a specific organ or a tissue. For example, doctors may be prompted to remove spleen from the body of the patient to control the production of abnormal blood cells.
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What are the side effects of blood cancer treatment?
Like any other form of treatment, blood cancer treatment has its side effects too. For example, there is a risk that some amount of normal, healthy cells are also targeted during chemotherapy and radiation therapy. This can result in a number of side effects such as loss of hair, tiredness, and nausea. The severity of blood cancer treatment side effects may depend from person to person and how the body responds to the treatment. In some patients, the side effects could be mid, while in other they could be deliberating. However, all of the side effects disappear within the first few weeks of stopping the treatment.
How much time is required to recover after blood cancer treatment?
Recovery and follow-up are an important part of any treatment plan, and it is no different in the case of blood cancer treatment. Treatment with chemotherapy and radiation therapy can act like a setback for patients, who suffer both physically and mentally. This further strengthens the need to have a rigorous follow-up plan so that timely recovery can take place. For some patients, it may take months before he or she can return back to normal routine. But in other patients, recovery is timely and they are usually able to conduct daily activities in a few weeks. The follow-up visits may last over a period of few months, during which doctors may conduct some routine blood tests, x-rays, and physical exam to check for recovery. In addition, antibiotics may be given for a few times to boost immunity and prevent infections immediately.