Bone Cancer: Types, Symptoms. Diagnosis, Treatment, Hospitals and Costs

What Is Bone Cancer

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Bone cancer is a rare form of cancer that affects thousands of people around the world. It is estimated that it affects more than 2,000 people each year in the United States (US) itself.Bone cancer is most common in children and adolescents. However, a few adults may also get affected by it, primarily when cancer that begins in some other location spreads to a bone (metastasis). The bones of the hands and the legs are most commonly affected in case of bone cancer, however, other bones can also get affected.

Types Of Bone Cancer

Bone cancer can be of different types. Some of the common types of bone cancer include:
Osteosarcoma
It is the most common form of malignant bone cancer. In males among the age group of 10 to 25 years, it often affects the areas of rapid growth such as the long bones of the arms and the legs, the shoulders and the area around the knees.
Ewing’s sarcoma
This form of aggressive bone cancer mostly affects children aged between 4 and 15. The middle of the long bones of the arms and the legs are most commonly affected.
Chondrosarcoma
It is another common type of malignant bone tumor that initiates in the cartilage. These can either grow very slowly or aggressively. The bones of the pelvis and the hips are most commonly affected.
Fibrosarcoma
This is a rare type of bone tumor that affects people aged between 35 and 55. It primarily affects that soft tissues, particularly those behind the knees.
Chordoma
It is estimated that people liver for only six years after they are diagnosed with this rare type of cancer. It usually affects the upper or the lower end of the spine.

Bone Cancer Symptoms

The symptom of the bone cancer varies according to the size and the location of the tumor. There are certain symptoms, specific or common to each type of bone cancer, which may appear during an activity or continue to persist for weeks or months. Some of the bone cancer symptoms include:
  • Pain at night or any time during the day
  • Appearance of a lump around the bone
  • Weight loss
  • Night sweat
  • Chills
  • Fever

Diagnosis Of Bone Cancer

Typically, a doctor questions a patient with symptoms of bone cancer about his or her family history, which is followed by a series of blood tests. The first blood test checks for the level of an enzyme called alkaline phosphatase, which is usually present in higher amounts during bone repair and in the presence of a bone tumor. However, this enzyme is also present in higher amounts during the growth and development of the child. Since bone cancer primarily affects children, this is not a reliable form of bone cancer diagnosis. However, this enzyme is also present in higher amounts during the growth and development of the child. Since bone cancer primarily affects children, this is not a reliable form of bone cancer diagnosis.

Bone Cancer Surgery: Types

Surgery is the usual method preferred for the treatment on bone cancer. There are different types of bone cancer surgery that a doctor may decide to perform, based on the size and location of the tumor, age of the patient and the stage of cancer. First of all, a diagnostic or staging surgery may be performed to determine the stage of the cancer. Following this surgery, other types of surgery are performed, which include:
Available cancer treatments:
Limb sparing surgery This type of surgery involves the removal of the cancerous tissue, in addition to some part of the surrounding healthy tissues. Therefore, the affected arm or the leg from where the cancer is removed remains intact. Limb sparing surgery is most often used for the treatment of primary cancers. During the procedure, the surgeon removes the area of the bone affected by cancer, along with the cancer cells. The void created by the bone removal is filled by a metal implant. The prosthesis are fixed in place of the removed bone or joint when the entire cancer tissue has been removed from the location. The tendons and ligaments that originally held the bone together are also fixed back in place during the surgery.
Amputation In this procedure, the part of body affected by bone cancer is completely removed. Typically, the surgeon removes a part of the limb rather than the entire leg or arm affected by cancer. Amputation is done only when there is no other option left or when limb sparing surgery is not possible, the patient develops an infection after limb sparing surgery or when complete cancer removal is impossible without conducting amputation.
Reconstructive surgery This type of surgery may be performed after limb sparing surgery or amputation to rebuild or reshape a part of the body that was modified or changed during the previous surgery for cancer removal.
Palliative surgery This type of surgery is performed to provide patient relief from symptoms associated with bone cancer, such as pain and lump formation.
Lymph node removal A dissection may be performed to remove the lymph nodes from the body of the patient in case the cancer has spread from the bone.

What happens after bone cancer surgery?

Patient who undergo either limb sparing or amputation surgery need rehabilitation in the form of physical therapy and other forms of therapies to be able to live quality life again. Recovery after amputation is particularly difficult for patients who lose their limb and face difficulty in walking or using their hands again. These patients may decide to get a prosthetic limb, which is a form of false leg or arm created with the help of computer-assisted design. It is important for bone cancer patients to eat the right amount of food, stick to a balanced diet, maintain a healthy amount of weight and also stop smoking and drinking alcohol. Doctors may decide to conduct routine blood and other imaging tests to check for the recovery of the patient following the surgery. These may also be accompanied by a physical test that helps check for symptoms of cancer relapse. Any new or notable symptoms pain and swelling should be noted by the patients and informed to the doctor without any delay.

Advanced Bone Cancer Treatment in India, Thailand, Malaysia, UAE

There are certain advanced forms of bone cancer treatment that are still being studied. These include:

  • The use of radiation during the surgery to remove cancer
  • Chemotherapy-like treatment to remove cancer cells, followed by supply of stem cells to patient for quick recovery
  • Targeted therapy to directly destroy proteins and genes that lead to cancer growth and development

Bone Cancer Treatment in India, Thailand, Malaysia, UAE

India, Thailand, Malaysia & UAE are the major medical tourism hubs for bone cancer treatment and surgery. The country has a wide network of public and private hospitals with state-of-the-art medical facilities, latest technology and highly experienced medical staff that specialize in providing effective treatment and care to the bone cancer patients. A large majority of medical staff, including oncologists and orthepedicians in India are trained from abroad and have their expertise in handling simple to complex cases. The hospitals that they work in are also equipped to handle all sought of medical emergencies and complexities.

Best Bone Cancer Hospitals

Best Bone Cancer Hospitals in India

Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon View Hospital
Aware Global Hospital, Hyderabad View Hospital
BLK Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi View Hospital
Medanta The Medicity, Gurgaon View Hospital
Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi View Hospital
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai View Hospital
Global Health City, Chennai View Hospital
Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon View Hospital
Dharamshila Cancer Hospital View Hospital
Max Super Specialty Hospital Saket View Hospital

Best Bone Cancer Hospitals in United Arab Emirates

Zulekha Hospital, Dubai View Hospital
Al Zahra Hospital, Dubai View Hospital
Thumbay Hospital, Dubai View Hospital
Saudi German Hospital, Dubai View Hospital
Zulekha Hospital, Sharjah View Hospital
Canadian Specialist Hospital, Dubai View Hospital

Best Bone Cancer Hospitals in Thailand

Vejthani Hospital, Bangkok View Hospital
BNH Hospital, Bangkok View Hospital

Best Bone Cancer Hospitals in Malaysia

KPJ Ampang Puteri Specialist Hospital, Kuala Lumpur View Hospital
Because of all these reasons, India, Thailand, Malaysia & UAE are emerged as the best medical tourism hubs for the treatment of bone cancer. Thousands of patients from around the world travel to these countries for bone cancer surgery because of quality medical care, latest technology, less waiting time and highly competitive cost of bone cancer surgery. In fact, cost of bone cancer surgery in India, Thailand, Malaysia & UAE is one of the major reasons why people prefer to travel to this country for treatment. It is much less than what it costs in other developed countries, including the UK and the US.

Cost Of Bone Cancer Treatment in India, Malaysia, Thailand & Uae

The cost of bone cancer surgery in India, Thailand, Malaysia & UAE are more than 60 to 70 percent less than what it costs in other countries that inhabits a majority of patients suffering from this disease, including the US and the UK. This is one of the primary reasons why bone cancer patients travel to these countries to seek treatment. The cost of myeloablative therapy in India is also along the same line. It costs just $12,000 in India, while the same procedure costs around $72,000 in the US. For example, limb sparing surgery may cost as much as $65,000 in the US, 60 percent more than what it costs in India ($10,000). Similarly, the cost of amputation is around $6000 in India and more than $35,000 in the US.

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