Laryngectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing part or all of the voice-box (also known as the larynx). It is generally performed in patients that suffer from cancer of the larynx. Patients can undergo either partial or total laryngectomy depending on the severity of their condition. In this surgery, the doctor will make an incision in the neck area to access the larynx and take out the diseased or damaged tissue. In total laryngectomy, the doctor will have to build a new permanent airway by making a hole (known as a stoma) in the neck region, and then connect the patient's windpipe to this hole to allow for airflow.