Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure in which the entire uterus, or the part of the uterus above the cervix, is removed surgically. It is a very common gynaecological surgical procedure. It may also involve removal of the cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes and other surrounding structures. A hysterectomy is performed to treat varying conditions, such as pelvic pain, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, fibroids, endometriosis, and heavy periods. In Abdominal Hysterectomy, the surgeon accesses the uterus through an incision in the abdomen.