Heart Valve Replacement in India – Cost, Hospitals, Surgeons

Heart Valve Replacement in India

Heart valve replacement is a procedure performed at almost all major Indian Hospitals. It is a complex and a tedious procedure performed on patients with faulty cardiac valves.
The human heart has four different valves – mitral, aortic, tricuspid and pulmonic valves. The function of these four valves is to ensure that the blood flows only in one direction. These valves are located to control the flow of blood from one chamber of the heart to another and finally to the outside of the heart through the artery.
heart valve replacement
The mitral and the tricuspid valve control the flow of blood from the atria to the ventricles. The aortic and the pulmonary valve, on the other hand, control the flow of blood from the ventricles to the outside of the heart. There are certain types of heart valve diseases that warrant the need for heart valve replacement. Aortic stenosis and mitral regurgitation are two such conditions that may prove deadly if not treated on time.
Aortic valve and mitral valve are the two valves that get damaged due to several reasons. The other two valves – tricuspid and pulmonary – rarely get damaged in a person’s lifetime.
Heart valve replacement in India is available for the treatment of both these conditions. The best Indian heart valve replacement hospitals have the latest technology and equipment. It is used to conduct a successful heart valve replacement surgery.
The best thing about valve replacement in India is that treatment can be availed almost immediately. The patient is looked after by some of the most experienced and trained surgeons.

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Heart Valve Replacement Hospitals in India

The top Indian cardiac surgeons conduct the heart valve replacement surgery. Its very sensitive procedure. The best Indian heart valve replacement hospitals make sure that the patient is handled by experienced surgeon only.
The best heart valve replacement doctors in India are trained and educated from abroad. They hold a great expertise in handling all types of medical and surgical emergencies. They also specialise in conducting valve replacement with maximal care and minimal supervision.
The hospitals conduct both the type of procedures. Aortic valve replacement is carried out when there is a problem or defects in the structure of functioning of the aortic valve. But, mitral valve replacement is carried out when there is a problem or defect in the structure and function of the mitral valve. The Indian hospitals provide the highest quality of medical care that too at an affordable price.

Best Heart Valve Replacement Hospitals

Some of the best hospitals for Heart Valve Replacement in India include the following:

10 Best Heart Valve Replacement Hospitals in India

Global Hospital, Mumbai
Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
Medanta The Medicity
Global Health City, Chennai
BLK Super Speciality Hospital
Fortis Memorial Research Institute
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
Columbia Asia Yeshwantpur
Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital
Aster Medcity

Best Heart Valve Replacement Hospitals in Malaysia

KPJ Ampang Puteri Specialist Hospital
Gleneagles Hospital Kota Kinabalu
Subang Jaya Medical Centre
Gleneagles Hospital Kuala Lumpur
Gleneagles Medini Hospital
Gleneagles Penang Medical Centre
Pantai Hospital Kuala Lumpur
ParkCity Medical Centre
Pantai Hospital Ayer Keroh
Ara Damansara Medical Centre

Best Heart Valve Replacement Hospitals in UAE

Zulekha Hospital Dubai
Canadian Specialist Hospital, Dubai
Saudi German Hospital
Al Zahra Hospital
Thumbay Hospital
Zulekha Hospital Sharjah

Best Heart Valve Replacement Hospitals in Thailand

BNH Hospital
Vejthani Hospital

Heart Valve Replacement Cost in India

The total cost of heart valve replacement in India is dependent on several factors. Some of these factors include the following:
  • Type of valve replaced
  • Number of valves replaced
  • Number and type of diagnostic procedures conducted before, during and after the procedure
  • Duration of hospital stay
  • Choice of hospital
  • Choice of city
  • Doctor’s feed
  • Hospital charges
  • Anaesthesia cost
The heart valve replacement cost in India continues to be less than any other country in the world. This is primarily because a majority of facilities and material used during the surgery are mostly manufactured. These are available within the boundaries of the country.
By giving the highest quality of medical treatment at an affordable cost, India has established itself as one of the most popular medical tourism hubs in the world. It is especially known for all cardiac procedures.
The following table compares the cost of heart valve replacement in India and abroad:
Country Price (USD)
India $5500
US $134,300
Singapore $34,500
Israel $55,700
Spain $27,400
Poland $22,500
Mexico $10,600

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What Makes Heart Valves Abnormal?

There are several reasons that make heart valves abnormal or reduce their efficiency to work perfectly. Some of these reasons include the following:
  • Infection
  • Congenital heart defect
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Degeneration of valve muscles
  • Valvular insufficiency
  • Valvular stenosis

Heart Valve Disease Symptoms

The inappropriate functioning of the valves leads to the insufficient functioning of the heart. As a result, a certain set of heart valve disease symptoms start to appear. It must be identified on time and a cardiologist must be consulted afterwards.
The following are some of the symptoms of heart valve disease:
  • Heart palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weight gain
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Swelling or water retention in the feet, ankles and abdomen

Best Candidates For Heart Valve Replacement

Patients suffering from regurgitation or stenosis of any of the valves are recommended to undergo heart valve replacement. These two conditions may prove fatal if not treated on time.
Regurgitation: This condition is characterised by insufficiency, incompetency and leakage of the valve. The valve does not close completely and as a result, the blood starts to move backwards through the valve. An inappropriate flow of blood thus makes the heart pump faster. This puts an additional strain on the heart muscles.
Stenosis: This condition results when the narrowing of the valve takes place. This reduced the flow of blood in the heart and as a result, the overall heart function is reduced. Vulvular stenosis may point to the narrowing of any of the valves in the heart. The heart has to beat much faster and harder to maintain the flow of the blood and combat vulvular insufficiency.
In addition to regurgitation or stenosis of the valves, heart valve replacement is also recommended in case of the following conditions:
  • Calcification of the valves
  • Enlarged heart muscles (cardiomyopathy)
  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Syphilis or infective endocarditis
  • Heart Valve Disease Diagnosis

    As soon as you arrive at a doctor with a certain set of symptoms, the doctor may conduct a few tests to diagnose the condition. First of all, a physical exam is conducted to check for the heart murmur, heart enlargement and presence of fluid in the lungs.
    A specific type of heart murmur is produced when the cardiac valve is faulty or leaky. Several other tests such as an echocardiogram, angiogram and electrocardiogram are conducted. It confirm the presence of a leaky or faulty health valve.

    Heart Valve Disease Treatment

    Once the disease is confirmed, the doctor may advice you to take certain precautions to prevent it from getting damaged any further. In addition, certain medications may be prescribed to treat or control the condition.
    If nothing helps and the condition of the patient gets worse, heart valve replacement is often recommended. Following the surgery, the patient is required to visit the doctor at regular intervals for follow-up.
    General anesthesia is administered to patients who need double heart valve surgery. Conventional surgical techniques or minimally invasive procedure is used to perform the surgery. For the conventional procedure, doctors need to make many incisions from the neck to the navel region of the patient. While in the case of minimally invasive technique a small cut is required.
    Minimally invasive heart surgery has many advantages over conventional procedure. Shorter hospital stay, minimal scarring, quick healing and recovery are some of the benefits.
    During the surgical procedure, the damaged valve or tissue is removed. During the surgery, the patient’s heart must be still and working. So, it is attached to a bypass machine to help with the blood circulation to other body parts by artificial means. Incisions are made in the aorta, through which the valves are replaced or removed.

    Heart Valve Surgery Procedure

    A typical heart valve surgery lasts for over a period of four to five hours, depending on the number of valves replaced. The patient is administered general anaesthesia before the surgery to keep them unconscious and free from any kind of pain.
    Sometimes the patient is put on the heart-lung machine before the surgery so that the doctor can work on the non-beating heart. In other cases, the heart continues to beat as the surgeons do their job.
    The surgeons go on to make an incision in the chest and separate the breastbone and ribs. The faulty valve is then located within the heart and is separated from the surrounding tendons. The detached valve is removed and replaced with a new valve. The incision is closed once the valve is replaced. The patient is then removed from the heart-lung bypass machine.

    Recovery After Heart Valve Replacement

    The patient is immediately transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) after the surgery. He or she is monitored around the clock and once the health is stable, transfer to a normal hospital room takes place.
    The patient is expected to stay in the hospital for at least five to six days. It is advised to start moving a bit and walk for improvement in blood circulation. This helps speed up recovery after heart valve replacement. Some patients are recommended cardiac rehabilitation for improvement in strength and quality of life after surgery.
    Image Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org

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