Hernia Repair in India, Inguinal Hernia Surgery at Low Cost
What is Hernia?
A hernia is a medical condition, which is characterized by the bulging or tear of the inner abdominal wall due to the weakening of the muscular layer. As a result, the weakened wall start to push through and a part of it slips into the sac, resulting in severe pain.
Some hernias can be gently pushed back into the abdominal wall by applying manual pressure. On the other hand, some hernias can cause serious complications that cannot be repaired through manual pressure and need a surgery for repair.
What are the Symptoms of Hernias?
Most of the times people with hernia experience no symptoms. But some of them may experience the following symptoms, depending on the location of the hernia:
Some of the symptoms of hernia include the following:
Dull pain in the abdomen, testes, or pelvis
Tenderness in the groin or abdomen
Symptoms of Inguinal Hernia Include:
Weakness or pressure in the groin
Pain or swelling in or around the testicles
Pain or discomfort in the groin
A bulge on either side of the pelvis
Burning sensation in the area of bulge
Heaviness in the groin region
Symptoms of a Strangulated Hernia Include:
Nausea and vomiting
Sudden pain that intensifies quickly
Inability to pass gas
Restricted bowel movement
What are the Different Types of Hernia?
Hernia can affect any part of the abdomen. Based on the exact location of the weakening causing a bulge, hernia is differentiated into many categories, including the following:
This is the most common form of hernia. It is estimated that more than 80 percent of all types of hernia are inguinal. It occurs when a part of the bowel of the patient pushes through the abdominal wall and reached the groin. This condition is more common in men.
This type of hernia mostly affects a wound in the abdomen that has not healed properly as yet. In this condition, a fatty tissue pushed through the wound in the abdomen. Incisional hernia primarily affects the elderly who have had an abdominal surgery and have been asked for restricted movement.
This is a type of condition in which the fatty tissue pushed through the abdomen that lies between the navel and the lowermost part of the breastbone.
This condition arises when the stomach pushed through the chest cavity. A hernia pushed into the chest cavity by squeezing through an opening in the diaphragm, which lies just beneath the chest cavity.
This type of hernia occurs when the fatty bulge pushed into the groin and reaches the top of the inner thigh. It may give an appearance of a fixed lump because of the intrusion of the intestine into the canal that carries the femoral artery to the upper thigh. This condition most commonly affects women who are either obese or pregnant.
This is a type of hernia that occurs when a muscle protrudes through the abdomen. It may also affect a leg, mostly in the cases of a sports injury.
What are the Causes of Hernia?
Hernias usually result because of a combination of muscle weakness and strain. Depending on the exact reason, a hernia may take time to develop or it may develop quickly. Some of the leading reasons behind muscle weakness include the following:
Congenital defect characterized by non-closure of the abdominal wall during gestation
Injury or surgical defect
One or more of the following factors can cause pressure on the abdominal muscles and may worsen the hernia:
Persistent coughing or sneezing
Sudden weight gain
Accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
The two types of inguinal hernia have different causes:
Direct hernia: This developed over a period of time due to excessive straining and weakness. Rarely occurs in children.
Indirect hernia: This type of hernia is mostly present since the time of birth and usually occurs because of a defect in the abdominal wall.
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What are the Different Types of Hernia Repair Surgery Procedure?
There are two main types of CABG procedures and the main difference between them is in the use of a pump to sustain the cardiovascular system. The following are the two types of CABG surgery:
Open hernia repair surgery
Open hernia repair surgery is one of the preferred ways by which surgeons may decide to treat a hernia surgically.
During this surgery, the surgeon cuts open by the abdomen by making a large incision, which exposes a hernia in the abdominal wall.
The hole or weakness in a hernia is carefully identified and marked.
Next, the hole is closed with the help of sutures, plastic mesh or plastic-like screen or mesh.
Sometimes, a combination of sutures and mesh is used to close the hole.
Open hernia repair is a commonly performed procedure with a few associated risks.
The patient may take some time to recover from the surgery or an infection may develop at the site of the incision.
Laparoscopic hernia repair surgery
Laparoscopic hernia repair surgery is preferred over open hernia repair surgery by surgeons nowadays.
This is because it is considered as a much safer procedure because of its minimally invasive approach.
There is a reduced risk of infection, the recovery time is less as the patient heals quickly and hospital stay is relatively short.
In this approach, a special instrument called a laparoscope is inserted through a small incision made over the region of a hernia.
It is attached to a camera that lets the surgeon see the inside of the abdomen clearly.
The same laparoscope is used to insert a mesh from the inside, to cover the origin of the defect in the abdominal wall.
The mesh could either be placed temporarily or permanently.
Incisional hernia repair surgery
This surgery requires the patient to be admitted to the hospital for at least three to five days.
This surgery is performed under general anesthesia.
This surgery can be conducted with the help of a laparoscope.
A mesh is used to cover the origin of the defect.
A drain may be placed in the wound to manage fluid for a few days.
Recovery may take almost a month after which the patient can back to the normal routine.
Epigastric hernia repair surgery
Only an open surgery can help repair an epigastric hernia.
The surgery can be performed under local anesthetic.
The area of weakness is repaired and the abdominal components are placed in their original location.
Weakness less than 2cms is closed with stitches but a mesh is almost always to reinforce the weakened area.
Femoral hernia repair surgery
The surgery can be performed under local anesthetic.
A mesh is out over the weakened area, which eliminates the need to cut tendon or muscles.
The patient is usually discharged on the same day of the surgery or the next day.
How is the Recovery after Hernia Repair Surgery?
Recovery after hernia repair is rather quick. The patient may or may not experience pain, depending on the size of a hernia treated, the overall health status of the patient and the type of procedure conducted to repair a hernia.
Pain, when experienced, is usually managed with the help of medications. Within a few days, the patient is able to return back to their normal daily routine and conduct all activities without hindrance.
What are the Risks Associated With Hernia Repair
The following are some of the risks associated with hernia repair surgery:
Injury to bowel
Reaction to anesthesia
Best hospitals for hernia surgeries
Hernia repair hospitals are located across the entire country in all major states, including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Gurgaon, Kolkata, Bangalore and Goa. The best part about these hospitals is that these are well-connected with all the major countries around the world through air transport, thus making it easier for medical tourists to come to the country for medical treatment.
These hospitals are known for their use of world-class medical technology, which is either retrieved from the leading nations or developed within the country. The use of advanced technology, state-of-the-art facilities and modern equipment at highly affordable cost is what attracts thousands of medical tourists from across the world to India.
Hernia repair surgery cost in India is much less than even the half of what it costs in foreign nations. By traveling to India, a medical tourist saves a huge amount of money even when other miscellaneous costs such as that of boarding, lodging, food and additional medical fees are taken into account.
What is the cost of Open hernia repair?
The open hernia repair surgery cost in India is around $1100, while the same procedure costs around $7,600 in the US and around $7100 in the UK. The difference remains significant even when other miscellaneous costs associated with the medical trip are taken into account.
What is the cost of Laparoscopic hernia repair surgery in India?
The laparoscopic hernia repair surgery in India is around $2000, which is less than four times of what it costs in the US. The cost of laparoscopic hernia repair in the US is around $9600 and in the UK the same surgery costs around $8800.
Why choose India for hernia repair?
Hernia repair is a common procedure conducted at different hospitals located across the length and breadth of India. The top Indian hospitals for hernia repair have the most advanced facilities in the form of latest technology and equipment. These hospitals aim to provide quality treatment at the most affordable rates, which are much less than any other leading hospital in some other country. Hernia repair is carried out at a number of different hospitals. Many patients visit India for hernia repair surgery especially because of the high quality of treatment at extremely affordable costs. Several Indian cities, including Goa, Delhi, Chandigarh, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Noida, Gurgaon and Chennai have state-of-the-art hospitals equipped with all the modern facilities for the surgeons to conduct hernia repair successfully.
What are the advantages of Hernia Repair?
Any risk of incarceration is considerably reduced after undergoing hernia surgery. In addition. The patient is completely relieved of the pain that they were experiencing before because of a hernia.
Hernia repair is a simple procedure, which is mostly conducted on an outpatient basis. The patient may or may not be required to make a hospital stay post-surgery. Laparoscopic hernia repair has several advantages over open hernia repair, as it is associated with quick recovery, less healing time and reduced pain and discomfort after the surgery.
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Questions Regarding Hernia Surgery
How to recover after inguinal hernia surgery?
Recovery after a laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair surgery is associated with mild to moderate incisional pain.It can cause groin discomfort as well. It may take up to six weeks for a full recovery if you have open surgery. With laparoscopy, patients are able to get back to your normal activities within a few days.
The surgeon will probably encourage patient to get up about an hour after surgery. It is often an outpatient procedure. This means you can go home the same day. However, if there are complications, you may have to stay in the hospital until they resolve.
What are the risks and complications of inguinal hernia surgery?
The following are some of the risks of inguinal hernia repair:
You may experience prolonged pain.
The hernia may come back eventually.
There could be damage to blood vessels. In men, the testicles could be harmed if connecting blood vessels are damaged.
There could be nerve or nearby organs damage.
Can a hernia heal on its own? What can happen if a hernia is not treated?
The hernia won’t go away on its own. You can wait to have surgery if your hernia does not bother you. The hernia may get worse over time. The hernias tend to get bigger over time as the muscle wall of the belly gets weaker and more tissue bulges through.
Can you die if you have a hernia?
Hernias can be life-threatening if they become strangulated or incarcerated. A strangulated hernia is an incarcerated hernia that become pinched or twisted and cut off from the blood supply. Many surgeons recommend surgery because it can prevent this serious problem. Without a normal blood supply, the trapped tissues may die. This occurs when a loop of intestine or a piece of fatty tissue is trapped in a hernia and the blood supply is cut off and it kills the tissue. An incarcerated hernia is one that becomes trapped outside the hernia wall.
Can hernias pop in and out?
If you feel a lump in the abdomen, it could be a hernia. The lump can be pushed back. But it may pop out after straining again.
Is surgery necessary for inguinal hernia?
Surgery for inguinal hernia is necessary in fllowing cases:
Hernias that contain a loop of intestine without blood supply require emergency surgery. It is also known as strangulated hernia.
Hernias that contain a trapped loop of intestine need to be repaired as soon as possible to avoid strangulation. It is known as incarcerated hernia.
Inguinal hernias that can be pushed back into the abdomen and are not causing pain or discomfortcan be repaired when it is convenient.
How long does it take to heal from inguinal hernia surgery?
Recovery from inguinal hernia take about 3 weeks. Most probably, patients can return to light activity after 3 weeks. You should wait for 6 months for heavy exercises.
What is a hernia belt for?
Some patients may need surgery to remove the hernia. Doctors recommend a Post Surgical Abdominal Hernia Belt. This abdominal binder belt will helps protect the incisions site. It also helps to apply pressure to the affected area.