Liver Cirrhosis Treatment Cost in India

“The cost of liver transplant for liver cirrhosis starts from $23000. The liver transplant hospitals in India promise unparalleled health treatments at low-cost packages.

Liver Transplant Success Rate in India

Cirrhosis of the liver is one of many liver diseases characterized by abnormal liver development and function. The scarring (fibrosis) of the liver that results from chronic liver damage is called cirrhosis. The liver cannot function properly because of the scar tissue.

The diseases that cause cirrhosis do so because they damage and destroy liver cells. Inflammation and repair linked to the deteriorating liver cells result in the formation of scar tissues. In fact, the cells that survived divide into new ones to create complex new liver cells. Contrarily, cluster genesis of regenerative liver cells occurs within the scar tissue as a result.

However, if a doctor diagnoses cirrhosis in a patient, it means the patient has a condition that causes the liver’s healthy cells to gradually be replaced by scar tissue.

It typically takes place over an extended period of time due to an infection or excessive alcohol consumption in humans.

Even if you have cirrhosis, your liver may still function. However, cirrhosis has the potential to progress to liver failure and cause serious, potentially fatal complications.

Similar to how a patient cannot usually repair liver damage, there is a chance of recovery if an early examination is conducted.

Facts regarding cirrhosis of the liver

  • One important organ that performs crucial processes for the body is the liver. It is imperative that proper care be taken in light of this situation.
  • The liver filters impurities and dangerous substances from the blood in a manner similar to a football.
  • Additionally, it produces enzymes that aid in the proper digestion of food, store sugar, and nutrients, and fight infections.
  • The liver self-heals after each injury and takes the form of scar tissue. If there is a significant accumulation of scar tissue, the organ cannot function properly.

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Symptoms indicate liver cirrhosis

There may be few or no symptoms or signs of liver disease in patients with liver cirrhosis. Some symptoms could be non-apprehensive, which means they don’t reveal to the patient that the liver is the source of their symptoms.

The following are some of the most typical symptoms:

  • yellowish skin that may lead to jaundice
  • nausea
  • fatigue and weakness
  • intense itching
  • visible blood vessels on the skin
  • redness in palms
  • whiteness in nails
  • blood in vomit
  • muscle cramps
  • bone disease
  • dark urine
  • enlarge spleen

In conclusion, cirrhosis disease doesn’t develop suddenly. After a considerable amount of time, the liver is harmed and damaged.

Similar to this, the most common factors that increase the risk of cirrhosis are:

  • alcoholism or addiction in excess obesity
  • genetic illnesses caused by hepatitis B and C infection or fat accumulation in liver cells.

The stages of liver cirrhosis

  • First, liver destruction has already reached its final stage with cirrhosis.
  • Second, there will be inflammation of the liver cells in the early stages of liver dysfunction.
  • If not treated in advance, this outcome may leave scars. With the right medical care, the liver can still be cured at this point.
  • Furthermore, if liver scarring is left untreated, it may result in an urgent case of cirrhosis.
  • In this situation, the scar tissue cannot heal, but the scarring’s progression may be slowed or stopped.

Similarly to this, patients with cirrhosis who show signs of difficulty may develop end-stage liver disease, at which point liver transplantation surgery is the only treatment option.

Stage 1

There are not many symptoms of stage 1 cirrhosis, but there is some liver membrane scarring. There are no disadvantages during this stage, which is considered to be a compensated cirrhosis illness.

Stage 2

A worsening of portal hypertension and the development of variance are symptoms of stage 2 cirrhosis.

Stage 3

The progression of abdominal swelling and severe liver scarring are symptoms of stage three cirrhosis. This condition demonstrates decompensated cirrhosis, with significant issues and a high risk of liver failure.

Stage 4

For patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD), which is incurable without a transplant surgery, cirrhosis can be frightening for their quality of life.

Diagnosis

To get a certain diagnosis, the tests are run in the order listed below

  • Blood tests to check for certain enzymes and bilirubin levels.
  • Ultrasound and imaging tests like MRI and CT scan.
  • To assess the degree and scope of liver damage, perform a biopsy.

The preventative actions

Similarly, by taking the following measures to care for your liver, you can reduce your risk of developing cirrhosis:

Alcohol should be avoided if you have cirrhosis

  • In case of liver disease, abstain from drinking and alcohol abuse.

Consume a balanced, nutritious diet

  • Choose a diet rich in plants and leafy greens. Include foods rich in fruits and vegetables as well. Choose lean protein sources and whole grains. Limit intake of fried and fatty foods.

Keep a healthy weight

  • The liver can become damaged by too much body fat. In case of being overweight, discuss a weight-loss diet and plan with the dietician.

Lessen the risk of hepatitis

  • The risk of contracting hepatitis B and C can increase if you use the same needles or engage in unprotected sexual activity.
  • Inquire with the doctor about treatments or vaccinations for hepatitis. Talk to your doctor about ways to reduce the risk if the possibility of liver cirrhosis is of concern.

Abstain smoking, along with a workout three times per day

Exercise reduces fat accumulation and makes a person fit. For greater health and strength, increase the duration by 30 minutes three times per week.

By following all of these steps, one develops a healthy lifestyle and immunity to numerous infections.

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Living with cirrhosis with some lifestyle changes

The cause of cirrhosis will determine how it is treated. For instance, you might be given antiviral medication if your cirrhosis results from chronic viral hepatitis.

Although cirrhosis is typically incurable, there are ways to treat the symptoms, prevent complications, and slow the progression of the disease.

  • Even though cirrhosis suggests permanent liver damage, a person with early cirrhosis (stage Child’s A or early Child’s B) can lead a relatively active life for several years with the right care from liver specialists.
  • On the other hand, advanced or Child’s C cirrhosis clearly justifies the requirement for a liver transplant, for which professional advice should be sought.
  • To grade the disease and plan the best course of treatment, a thorough initial evaluation with a liver specialist is necessary.
  • Every 1-3 months for early cirrhosis and every 1-4 weeks for advanced cirrhosis, one must schedule routine liver function tests and follow-up appointments with the doctor.
  • Depending on symptoms and the severity of the disease, the liver doctor determines the precise time between check-ups.
  • In the presence of chronic liver disease, a nutritious diet is crucial for optimal liver function. Contrary to popular belief, unless there is severe jaundice, digestion is normal until the very late stages of liver disease. It follows that the notion that all forms of liver disease require complete abstinence from proteins and fatty foods is unfounded.
  • If the HBV DNA test is positive, Lamivudine treatment for Hepatitis B-induced cirrhosis may be considered in consultation with the liver specialist.
  • Treatment with Interferon-alpha and ribavirin for early cirrhosis brought on by Hepatitis C may be beneficial with the help of one’s liver doctor.

Dealing with complications

If cirrhosis worsens to the point where the liver can no longer function (decompensated cirrhosis), one may experience complications that require medical attention. This may include the following conditions:

Enlarged or gushing veins

When cirrhosis has advanced, it can result in swollen veins in the stomach or food pipe (oesophagus). These are referred to as gastric and oesophageal varices

The diagnosis of gastric and oesophageal varices is made through an endoscopy.

  • Venous enlargement or bleeding
  • The veins in your food pipe (oesophagus) or stomach may swell if cirrhosis has advanced. Both oesophageal and gastric varices are the medical terms for these.
  • Oesophageal and gastric varices are diagnosed through an endoscopy.

Fluid in the legs and stomach

  • When cirrhosis advances, an accumulation of fluid in your abdomen (ascites) or legs and ankles (peripheral oedema) is a frequent complication.
  • The main treatments involve reducing the salt intake and taking a class of medication known as a diuretic, like spironolactone or furosemide.
  • Antibiotics may be required if the fluid in the stomach develops an infection. In extreme circumstances, you might need to have a tube inserted to drain the fluid from one’s stomach region.

Encephalopathy

  • Cirrhosis can occasionally interfere with the ability to think (encephalopathy).
  • Confusion, drowsiness, and attention issues are symptoms. This occurs as a result of the liver’s diminished capacity to eliminate toxins effectively.
  • Lignaloes syrup is the primary therapy for encephalopathy. This has laxative properties and aids in detoxifying the body. Rifaximin, an antibiotic, may be beneficial as it helps to avoid getting sick.

Bleeding

  • Cirrhosis can impair the liver’s capacity to cause blood to clot, which increases the risk of severe bleeding in case of surgery, or receive in case of dental work.
  • To stop or treat bleeding, one might receive medication or plasma, a blood product.
  • Before having any type of surgery, including any dental work, it’s wise to discuss with the doctor the condition and the possibility of bleeding.

Liver cancer

  • Cirrhosis increases the risk of developing liver cancer, most frequently hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
  • Regular checks for liver cancer are crucial because many cirrhosis symptoms and liver cancer symptoms are similar.
  • Every six months, an ultrasound scan helps to check for HCC, as well as possible blood tests.

Liver transplants

  • A liver transplant may be your only option for treatment if cirrhosis worsens and your liver is severely damaged.
  • This major procedure entails removing the sick liver and replacing it with a donor liver that is healthy.
  • For a suitable liver donor to become available, there may be no option to expedite but to wait.
  • Patients may not be eligible for a liver transplant if alcohol is consumed in spite of having liver transplants
  • A liver transplant may be the only option for treatment if cirrhosis worsens and your liver is severely damaged.

Prevention

Cirrhosis can be avoided by taking the following liver-care steps:

  • Alcohol should be avoided in case of cirrhosis.
  • In the case of liver disease, one should abstain from drinking and alcohol abuse.
  • Consume a balanced, nutritious diet.
  • Choose a diet rich in plants and leafy greens. Include foods rich in fruits and vegetables as well. Choose lean protein sources and whole grains. Limit the consumption of fried and fatty foods.
  • Keep a healthy weight
  • The liver’s functioning may get damaged by too much body fat. Keeping a healthy weight. In case of being overweight, discuss a weight-loss diet and plan with the dietician.
  • The probability of contracting hepatitis B and C can increase in case of using the same needles or engaging in unprotected sexual activity. Inquire with the doctor well in time, about treatments or vaccinations for hepatitis. Talk to the doctor about ways to reduce the risk if one is concerned about the possibility of liver cirrhosis.
  • Avoid smoking and exercise three times a day.
  • Exercise reduces fat accumulation and makes a person fit. For greater health and strength, increase the duration by 30 minutes three times per week. By following all of these steps, one develops a healthy lifestyle and immunity to numerous infections.

The Average Life Expectancy by Stage

Cirrhosis progresses through two stages: compensated and decompensated.

Compensated cirrhosis: Those who have this condition do not experience any symptoms and have a life expectancy of 9 to 12 years. Although 5-7% of those with the condition will experience symptomatic onset each year, a person can remain asymptomatic for years.

Decompensated cirrhosis: Those who have this condition already have symptoms and complications. While experts advise referral for a potential liver transplant in these cases, their life expectancy is significantly lower than that of those with compensated cirrhosis.

  • To estimate a patient’s life expectancy, doctors use diagnostic tests and scoring to determine a person’s stage of cirrhosis.
Dr. Surbhi Suden

Verified By Dr. Surbhi Suden

Dr. Surbhi Suden is one of the founders of Lyfboat and a doctor with a renowned name in the Medical tourism industry. She has been working with international patients since 2008 and is a deeply committed professional with a long term vision of transforming the current healthcare scenarios.

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Dr. Surbhi Suden

Verified By Dr. Surbhi Suden

Dr. Surbhi Suden is one of the founders of Lyfboat and a doctor with a renowned name in the Medical tourism industry. She has been working with international patients since 2008 and is a deeply committed professional with a long term vision of transforming the current healthcare scenarios.
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