Hodgkin’s and Non Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Treatment in India at Low Price
What is lymphoma?
Lymphoma is a kind of cancer that originates in the lymphatic system, which is the disease-fighting network of the human body. It affects the lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cell (WBC) called leucocytes. Lymphoma initiates when lymphocytes start behaving abnormally. They may do this in two ways – lymphocytes may either start to divide rapidly or they may live longer than they are supposed to. At a later stage, they start getting collected in the different parts of the lymphatic system, including in the lymph nodes.
Since these WBCs travel through the circulatory system from the lymphatic system while fighting against the foreign bodies or infections, lymphoma is considered as blood-related cancer.
What are the types of Lymphoma?
Lymphoma is categorized into the following two types:
Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (HL)
Hodgkin’s lymphoma is less common among patients and is characterized by the presence of a special Reed-Sternberg cell. A Reed-Sternberg cell does not have the protective mechanism, but it is large in size. When it starts multiplying in an abnormal manner, it may form a tumor that attracts the inflammatory cells within a lymph node. It accounts for no more than 10 percent of the total lymphomas reported and recorded in a year.
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (NHL)
A large group of lymphatic cancer besides Hodgkin’s lymphoma come in the category of non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. Most of the non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas originate in the B-lymphocytes; therefore, it is also referred as B-cell lymphoma.
NHL is characterized by an abnormal growth of the lymphocytes. The abnormal cells start duplicating itself and do not die when they should. They do not protect the body against the infections or viruses. They start accumulating and form a mass of tissue resulting in the growth of the tumor.
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What are the Signs and Symptoms of Lymphoma You Should Look For?
An individual experiencing the following symptoms is most likely to be diagnosed with a lymphoma:
Swelling in the lymph nodes of the armpit, neck, or groin
Trouble in coughing
Fatigue and unexplained weight loss
Chest pain and difficulty in breathing
Feeling of fullness in the abdomen
Itchy skin and fever
How to diagnose Lymphoma?
The following tests are required to help diagnose lymphoma.
Medical history and physical examination
The doctor will ask detailed questions about your medical history. You also have to undergo a physical examination. It can identify typical symptoms of Hodgkin lymphoma. Some are night sweats, fevers, and enlarged lymph nodes or spleen.
Doctor removes small amount of tissue for examination under a microscope. Other tests can suggest that cancer is present. But Hodgkin lymphoma can only be diagnosed after a biopsy of an affected tissue. It is preferably done by removal (or excision) of a lymph node.
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What are the treatment options available for Lymphoma in India?
An experienced oncologist identifies the symptoms in the patient and accordingly orders a few tests to confirm lymphoma diagnosis. Based on the results that detect the type and stage of lymphoma, the extent of the cancer, the likely progression of cancer, and the possible side effects of the therapies or treatment, he or she devises a treatment plan tailored as per the individualized needs of the patient.
The doctor may advise a combination of the following treatment or therapies for the treatment of lymphoma in India:
Radiotherapy is the most preferred choice of treatment for Stage 1 and Stage 2 lymphomas. As the cancerous cells are confined to a specific area in Stage 1 and Stage 2, it is easy to kill these cells with the help of radiotherapy.
High-powered energy beams such as x-rays or proton rays are used to shrink the tumor by killing the cancerous cells. The patient is made to lie down on a table under the machine which directs the radiations on the body parts marked by a special material. Radiotherapy can also be used in combination with other therapies for the treatment of lymphoma.
Chemotherapy is the procedure used to manage tumor cells with the help of medicines and drugs. An aggressive chemotherapy approach is followed for the patients who may get cured completely. If the lymphoma is unlikely to get cured, the patient is kept on a moderate regime to produce long-term results. Aggressive chemotherapy includes the use of injections which are given intravenously, while moderate regime includes managing the condition with the help of oral medicines.
Stem cell transplant
Stem cell transplant is also known as bone marrow transplant. The radiation treatment imparted as a part of the treatment plan may destroy the bone marrow, which is responsible for forming all types of cells in the body. The diseased bone marrow is replaced with a healthy bone marrow through a stem cell transplant.
Stem cell transplant is generally used in combination with chemotherapy or radiotherapy. High doses of chemotherapy or radiotherapy destroy the healthy WBCs. To bring the blood cell count back to the normal levels, stem cell transplant technology is used. Specialized stem cells are transplanted into the body of the patient. The transplanted cells get transported to the bone marrow where they build healthy new blood cells.
Monoclonal antibody therapy
This is a relatively less common type of treatment for lymphoma. Monoclonal antibodies are designed to find out the specific tumor cell in the body. These antibodies carry radioactive isotopes that destroy cancer cells by delivering radiation after getting attached to them.
This therapy is either used to manage the initial stage of the treatment or it can be given if the lymphoma recurs. The immune system of the patient can recognize this antibody easily and therefore, starts attacking it. As a result, the number of B-cells start decreasing in the body. This also affects the healthy B-cells, but the body can produce new healthy B-cells automatically within a few weeks.
Steroids are generally used in combination with chemotherapy to treat lymphoma in some of the patients. Steroids are given to make chemotherapy more effective. They can be given intravenously along with the chemotherapy course. But the administration of steroids should be limited to a short duration due to the associated side effects.
Best hospital for Lymphoma Treatment in india
Lymphoma hospitals are located in all major metropolitan cities of India. Even many of the tier II cities in India have healthcare facilities and hospitals that offer high-quality of treatment to patients from the remotest corners of the country. The top hospitals for lymphoma treatment in India are well-connected to the rest of the world through direct flights. A patient can directly get in touch with the hospital staff for any treatment-related query and to plan their medical trip accordingly.
India has emerged as a leading destination for lymphoma treatment in the past few years. Lymphoma treatment in India is provided at an extremely low cost, especially to the patients. A sturdy healthcare infrastructure built by India along with the ever-increasing cost of the medical care in the developed countries has immensely contributed to shaping India as one of the best destination to seek treatment.
Lymphoma treatment in India is delivered with the help of a number of procedures, including radiation therapy and stem cell transplant. These treatment facilities are available at some of the best Indian lymphoma treatment hospitals that offer the highest quality of medical care at the most affordable cost. The cancer specialists who provide affordable leukemia treatment are renowned globally for their great skills and experience. Most often, it is hard to find advanced and quality cancer treatment at an affordable cost, but India is one of the exceptions.
What is Cost of Lymphoma treatment in India?
Cancer treatment is a costly affair and it can put the patient and their close family members under a great financial burden, especially if the patient is getting treatment in a developed country. This is the only reason why patients from abroad prefer to get cancer treatment in India as it is highly affordable and least expensive as compared to the other countries.
There are several factors, however, that determine the Hodgkin and non hodgkin’s lymphoma treatment cost in India that a patient may have to pay for if they decide to get cancer care in India. For example, the type and the combination of the therapies used for the treatment, number of sessions required, the surgeon’s fees, and the duration of stay in the hospital are some of the major factors that determine the overall lymphoma treatment cost in India.
The following table illustrates the average cost of Hodgkin lymphoma and non hodgkin’s lymphoma treatment in India as per the therapy used:
Approximate cost in India
$300-$2000 per cycle
Stem cell /bone marrow transplant
Lymphoma Specialists in India
Lymphoma treatment is offered at the most reasonable rates in India. An extremely high standard of the patient care is provided under the guidance of some of the best lymphoma treatment specialists. Lymphoma treatment doctors in India have years of experience in the field of cancer treatment. They have not only treated patients in India but in other countries as well, especially the Western nations such as the UK and the US. Moreover, they are trained and educated from abroad and regularly participate in lymphoma conferences and workshops around the year to sharpen their knowledge and skills.
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Questions Regarding Lymphoma Treatment
What are the risk factors for lymphoma?
Risk factors for Hodgkin lymphoma include:
Weak immune system
If you have infection with EBV infection (Epstein-Barr virus) or mononucleosis earlier.
Hodgkin lymphoma occurs most often in between ages 15-40, most probably in the 20s or after 55
Approximately 5 percent of cases have a family history
Risk factors for Non-Hodgkin lymphoma include:
Maximum cases occur in people older than 60
Exposure to certain chemicals(eg. benzene, insecticides and herbicides)
Already went under chemotherapy or radiation therapy
Exposure to radiation
Immune system deficiency
If infected with HIV, HTLV-1, HHV8, or Epstein-Barr virus
Helicobacter pylori or Chronic infection with HCV
What causes Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
Some researchers think that infection with the Epstein-Barr virus may sometimes cause DNA changes in B lymphocytes. It leads to the development of Reed-Sternberg cells. These cells are the cancer cells in Hodgkin lymphoma.
Which is more treatable Hodgkin’s or non Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
Lymphoma treatment vary depending on following factors along with the age and general health of the patient:
the type of disease,
its aggressiveness, and
Hodgkin lymphoma is one of the most treatable cancers. More than 90 percent of patients survives more than five years after the treatment.
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