Nephrectomy Surgery in India – Costs, Hospitals, Surgeons

Nephrectomy in India
Nephrectomy Surgery in India is performed to remove a part of the kidney or an entire kidney. This surgical procedure is used for the treatment of kidney disorders, kidney cancer, Wilm’s tumor, or traumatic injury to the kidney. Nephrectomy is also performed to transplant a kidney from a donor to the receiver.

A huge number of patients from across the globe decide to undergo kidney removal surgery in India each year. Patients fly down to India for nephrectomy for many reasons. First, the cost of nephrectomy surgery in India is highly affordable as compared to other hotspots. Second, the best hospitals for nephrectomy in India assure the highest quality of medical services and the use of the latest technology and methods for the treatment of the patient.

Depending on the ultimate objective of the surgery, nephrectomy is conducted by a team of highly skilled surgeons from the respective specialty. For example, if nephrectomy is conducted for the removal of cancer, then the procedure is led by a team of oncologists. The same procedure conducted for a kidney transplant is led by a team of highly experienced and skilled organ transplant surgeons.

There are several hospitals for nephrectomy in India that offer state-of-the-art treatment facilities to patients from around the world. The best Indian hospitals are globally renowned for their quality of medical services at an unbeatable cost.

The best nephrectomy surgeons in India work in close coordination with specialists from other departments and paramedical staff. They together ensure that the procedure is conducted successfully and that the patient feels minimal post-surgery discomfort.

Best Nephrectomy Hospitals in India

The best hospitals for nephrectomy in India are globally renowned for their use of the latest technology despite the fact that they charge a minimum sum from the patients.

A majority of nephrectomy hospitals in India are accredited by international agencies such as Joint Commission International (JCI) and International Organization for Standardization (ISO). In addition, they are also regulated and controlled by the Indian quality certification board, National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH).

These accreditation agencies make sure that the hospitals maintain the highest standard of quality and that patient safety is not compromised at any level. The certification body accredits an institution or a facility for a period of five years.

Again after five years, they make an assessment of the standards maintain at the healthcare facility. Based on their observation, they may either cancel the accreditation or renew it again for a period of five years.

The top nephrectomy hospitals in India have associated themselves with extremely skilled urologists, highly qualified doctors, and experienced paramedical staff to provide the best medical care to the patients. The availability of technologically advanced surgical equipment and state-of-the-art facilities have made it possible for Indian urologists and surgeons to achieve a success rate of more than 90 percent.

The best hospitals for nephrectomy in India are available across the length and breadth of the country. India is globally renowned for having some of the world’s best hospital for urology procedures. Advanced infrastructure and ultra-modern facilities at these hospitals attract hundreds of patients each year.

Nephrectomy Cost in India

The cost of kidney removal surgery in India is one of the lowest in the world. The savings on out-of-pocket expenses associated with nephrectomy in India is unparalleled when compared to any other country in the world.

The overall cost of nephrectomy in India is three to five times less than its cost in any other country with similar facilities. This is true even when all other expenses such as that of boarding and lodging are taken into account.

The average nephrectomy cost in India, however, depends on several other factors. For example, it depends on the type of hospital that you decide to get treated in, the hospital room opted for, surgeon’s fees, hospital charges, and the cost of additional tests or procedures.

Low cost of nephrectomy in India, however, does not mean that the quality of medical services offered at the hospital is compromised with. The patient can stay rest assured of the facilities and services offered to him or her as a part of a highly affordable treatment package.

The average cost of nephrectomy in India ranges between $4,000 and $5,000. This includes the cost of hospitalization, procedure, doctor’s fees, medicines, and consumables. The same procedure may cost as high as $25000 in the US and the UK.

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Nephrectomy Surgeons in India

The best surgeons for nephrectomy in India are globally renowned for their surgical skills and expertise. So far, the top nephrectomy specialists in India have successfully treated thousands of patients from around the world.

A majority of doctors for nephrectomy in India are educated and trained from some of the most prestigious institutions in the world. Their education does not stop with their degree. In fact, they continue to learn new techniques and approaches to update their skills by attending different seminars and events around the year.

Urologists abroad look forward to nephrectomy surgeons in India for their advice on how to handle complex cases. There are many specialists for nephrectomy in India who travel abroad each year to perform surgeries at some of the most reputed hospitals in the world.

The top nephrectomy surgeons in India train hundreds of their juniors every year and share their vision and knowledge with them. They help them develop their skill set so that they can join the pool of the most coveted surgeons in India.

Nephrectomy: An Overview

Surgical removal of a kidney tumor is one of the most common reasons why nephrectomy is performed. The following are some of the most common indications for nephrectomy:

  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • A non-functioning kidney (which may cause hypertension)
  • Congenitally small kidney (which may cause pain and other complications due to swelling)
  • Severely damaged or scarred kidney
  • Kidney transplantation

Types of Nephrectomy

There are basically three types of kidney removal procedures as given below:
  • Simple nephrectomy: A simple nephrectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of only the diseased or injured kidney.
  • Radical nephrectomy: It involves the removal of the kidney, the adrenal glands, the surrounding fatty tissues, and the lymph nodes present in the vicinity of the kidney. A radical nephrectomy is usually done in the case of cancer patients.
  • Partial nephrectomy: Partial nephrectomy involves the removal of only a part of the kidney. This procedure is more commonly conducted in patients who just have one kidney.

Types of Surgical Approaches

Nephrectomy surgeons in India may follow any of the following two surgical approaches to remove the diseased or damaged kidney:

Open surgery

Open surgical nephrectomy is performed under the influence of general anesthesia. In this approach, the surgeon makes a single large incision in the abdomen or side of the abdomen. The incision may range between 10 and 20 inches.

Once the surgeon has an access to the kidney, the ureter and the blood vessels can be easily worked upon. Important blood vessels and the ureter are disconnected and clamped. Depending on the requirement of the patient, either infected portion of the kidney is removed alone or it is removed along with the ureter, adrenal gland, or the surrounding tissues.

The incisions are closed with the help of sutures after the removal of the targeted regions. This surgical procedure may take up to four hours, depending on the complexities involved.

Laparoscopic  Nephrectomy Surgery

This approach is also known as “keyhole surgery.” It is a minimally invasive technique used to perform nephrectomy and other procedures without affecting the non-targeted areas of the body. In this approach, the abdomen is inflated with the help of a gas (like carbon dioxide) to create a space between the abdominal walls and the organs inside it.

The surgeon makes three to four tiny incisions in the abdominal area. A narrow tube is then inserted through the abdominal wall to introduce instruments by sliding through it. A video camera attached to the laparoscope helps the surgeon get an inside view on a monitor.

The kidney is carefully dissected apart from the ureter and the blood vessels. The kidney is then removed from one of the cuts which are large enough to pull out the kidney from the stomach. The surgeon removes the laparoscope and other instruments after removing the kidney and closes the incisions with sutures.

The laparoscopic surgery may also be conducted with the help of a robot. The robotic system requires the creation of minute incisions to perform the procedure. Extreme dexterity and precision can be attained with the help of a robot to remove the diseased tissues.

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Risks Associated with Nephrectomy

  • Loss of blood during the surgery
  • Chances of infection during or after the surgery
  • Potential risks associated with the use of general anesthesia
  • Increase in blood pressure
  • Scarring of the tissue

Recovery After Nephrectomy

In the case of an open surgery, the patient is typically required to stay at the hospital for a period of one week. However, this is not true in the case of laparoscopic surgery. The patient is typically released within two days of the surgery in the case of laparoscopic nephrectomy.

A patient may need 2 to 4 weeks of rest to get back to the normal routine work after the laparoscopic surgery and 8 to 12 weeks in the case of an open surgical procedure. The chances of scarring of the tissues are much less in the case of laparoscopic surgery as compared to the conventional open surgical procedure.

Post-operative Care

The patient is kept on analgesics to subside the pain after the surgery. Electrolyte and fluid balance is monitored on a regular basis as it is the prime function of the kidney. Intravenous fluids are given to the patient to maintain the electrolyte and fluid balance. In a few cases, the patient may require a catheter following the surgery for drainage of urine.


The outcome of the nephrectomy is quite great, especially if only one kidney or a part of a kidney is removed. If both of the kidneys are removed, the patient is kept on hemodialysis until kidney transplantation is done.

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