Hernia Repair Details

A hernia occurs when an organ or fatty tissue squeezes through a weak spot in a surrounding muscle or connective tissue called fascia. This can be painful as it might obstruct the supply of blood to that part of the organ and you feel very uncomfortable.

Types of hernia include:

Inguinal Hernia - In an inguinal hernia, the intestine or the bladder protrudes through the abdominal wall into the inguinal canal in the groin. This canal allows your testis to descend into the scrotum sac before your birth. About 96% of all groin hernias are inguinal, and most occur in men.

Umbilical hernia - Umbilical hernia is most commonly seen in new born babies, obese women etc., part of the small intestine passes through the abdominal wall near the navel.

Hiatal Hernia - A hiatal hernia happens when the upper stomach squeezes through the hiatus, an opening in the diaphragm, through which the esophagus passes.

Femoral Hernia - This type of hernia is most common in women and or individuals who are obese. In this condition intestines enter into the femoral canal which houses the femoral artery, smaller veins, and nerves. It’s located just below the inguinal ligament in the groin. A femoral hernia will appear as a bulge near the groin or thigh.

Before Hernia Repair

Your doctor needs to examine the type of hernia you are suffering from more closely and then needs to decide upon the treatment which will suit you the best. Your doctor needs to understand your medical history in detail to choose between conventional surgery and laparoscopic surgery. After the diagnosis your doctor will fix an appointment with you and will guide you on medications and any exercises that you might have to do to help ease out the pain before surgery. You should have an empty stomach before the procedure and if required you will be asked to bathe with antibiotic soap.

How it is performed

In laparoscopic procedures couple of small incisions are made near and above the hernia for introducing surgical instruments at the site and the procedure is carried out. In traditional surgery and incision is made near or above the herniated region and the underlying organs are exposed. After this, the repair work is carried out on the supporting tissues and the dislocated organ is moved back to the original position. For example in the case of inguinal hernia a medical grade mesh is applied to block the entry of intestines into the inguinal canal. After the surgery the incision is closed with the help of sutures and dressing is applied. 

Recovery

You should not get involved in physically demanding tasks immediately after surgery. Men should be more conscious about lifting heavy weights and intensive workouts. Follow all the instructions and medication properly to allow good healing with best results.

Potential Risks

There are no major risks involved in the surgery as it is not a life threatening procedure. In some cases reappearance of symptoms have been reported and they can be eliminated by following the instructions of your surgeon post-surgery and by giving sufficient time to your body for healing before resuming normal day to day activities.

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