Ovarian Tumor Removal - Signs, Symptoms, Treatment

Ovarian Tumor Removal Details

The ovaries are the primary organs of the female reproductive system. They are actively involved in regulating levels of hormones that trigger menstruation such as estrogen. The ovaries are also responsible for the release of an egg each month for possible fertilization. Ovarian cancer is a form of cancer where some cells grow out of control and become cancerous in the ovaries of a woman. This growth could also spread to other regions. Although uncommon, this form of cancer is the deadliest type of female reproductive cancer. Some risk factors for ovarian cancer include time spent in ovulation, age, genetics, never being pregnant, and smoking; however, the causes of ovarian cancer are still unclear and lot of research is still being done. If caught early, treatments for ovarian cancer are more effective and easier.

Before Ovarian Tumor Removal

Symptoms of ovarian cancer include bloating, pain in the abdomen and pelvis, urinary problems, weight loss, a change in bowel habits, and swelling. However, these symptoms rarely present themselves during the early stages of the cancer and, when they do present, can be easily mistaken for symptoms of other things. Patients should make an appointment with a doctor if they are presenting these symptoms and are concerned, especially if they have a family history of cancer. A pelvic exam is usually conducted to confirm the presence of abnormal, malignant (cancer) tissue. Imaging tests, blood tests, and biopsy of tissue may also be employed for further confirmation.   If it is confirmed that the patient is positive for ovarian cancer, there are two main treatments available to them: surgery and chemotherapy. These are often used in conjunction with one another. Patients must be sure to consult with their doctor(s) to determine the extent of the cancer and the proper treatment program necessary.

How it is performed

The main treatment for ovarian cancer is surgery and the extent of the surgery depends on how far the cancer has spread and the general health of the patient. Because ovarian cancer is usually unable to be caught early, surgeries to remove the cancer are often extensive. This includes the removal of the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, and the uterus through an incision made in the lower abdomen or pelvis.  Removal of all of these structures may not be necessary if the cancer is still in an early stage. It may also be necessary for the patient to undergo a debulking surgery, a procedure that involves removing as many large, cancerous tumors as possible in order to improve the outlook of the patient.  

Chemotherapy is also often used as a supplemental treatment for patients. Chemotherapy involves using chemical substances to target cancerous cells and kill them. Chemotherapy is usually administered after surgery but, for advanced cases, may be administered beforehand as well.  Chemotherapy is most often administered intravenously through a drip.

Recovery

Recovery after ovarian cancer surgery involves a hospital stay of 3-7 days for close monitoring. Stitches from the incision will usually be removed after the 7th day. Pain during this time is normal but can be effectively managed with pain medications. After being discharged, it is necessary for the patient to schedule follow up appointments so that doctors can check the surgery incision and monitor recovery progress. Driving, sex, and other strenuous activity should be avoided for some time or as suggested by your doctor. 

Recovering from a procedure following a treatment for ovarian cancer takes time no matter what type of procedure is used. Chemotherapy is an ongoing procedure that occurs in cycles depending on the severity of the cancer. Recovery form this method involves managing the symptoms of nausea, fatigue, and short-term memory loss. This may involve eating smaller meals and altering the diet to exclude foods that easily make the patient queasy. There may also be anti-nausea available for the patient to take. Resting regularly and exercising often may help with the fatigue. 

Potential Risks

The risks of ovarian cancer surgery are the same as most other invasive surgeries: excessive bleeding, infection, clotting, and pain.  However, after surgery, patients may suffer from trouble in urinating, bowel issues, constipation and diarrhea.  If the surgery required the removal of both ovaries, the patient may also suffer from symptoms of menopause (end of female reproductive life).  Due to the nature of ovarian cancer surgery and the fact that, often times, the ovaries and other reproductive structures are removed, patients are usually unable to have children afterwards.  Risks of chemotherapy involves the possible destruction of healthy cells, hair loss, nausea, fatigue, and a compromised immune system.

Cost for Ovarian Tumor Removal

India from $4,000

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Ovarian Tumor Removal Hospitals

Artemis Hospital

Gurgaon, India

Ara Damansara Medical Centre

Selayang Jaya, Malaysia

BNH Hospital

Bangkok, Thailand

Saudi German Hospital

Dubai, United Arab Emirates

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