What Is Spinal Fusion Surgery
Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure in which two spinal vertebrae are permanently joined together in order to prevent the motion between them. Patients may consider undergoing this procedure in order to repair broken vertebrae, stabilize pre-existing weaknesses in the spine, correct spinal deformities, and/or stabilize a herniated disk. It can also be used to remove excess bone tissue that is putting unwanted pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. Additionally, pain symptoms brought on by these problems are also often alleviated. Spinal fusion employs techniques that are meant to mimic the natural processes often seen in bone healing; this includes using bone grafts or bonelike material to create the fusion. However, metal components may be used as well.