Thyroid gland is a gland which is present in the neck region. In men it is more prominent and can be seen protruding out; informally referred to as Adam’s apple. The gland plays a major role in regulating the metabolism of our body and has a direct control over the growth of our body. Growth is generally considered as development of body and height etc. as per the biological age. Any disruption in the function of this gland leads to the development of various problems in our body. The gland needs iodine to function properly and in the absence of iodine it becomes swollen, a condition called goiter. This can also be one reason for getting it removed from the body. Cancer and other complications forms the main the reason to carry out thyroidectomy.