Uterus Cancer Treatment Cost in India

Last Modified: February 22, 2021  |   Created on: November 15, 2019
Cancer Treatment

“The average cost of uterus cancer treatment in India is around $6000 (INR 434,000). This is multifold less than what it costs in any other developed country, including the UK, US, Canada, Singapore and UAE.

Uterus Cancer

Uterus Cancer Treatment in India

Each year, thousands of patients from around the world travel to India to get treated for uterine cancer. The oncologists in India are highly experienced in handling all forms of cancer cases and the hospitals are equipped to handle any kind of emergency. All these state-of-the-art facilities at nominal cost are one of the major reasons why people travel thousands of miles to get themselves treated in India.

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Everything You Need To Know About Uterine Cancer Treatment in India

Uterine cancer, commonly referred to as endometrial cancer, is diagnosed in more than three million women across the world each year. Overall, it is the 14th most common type of cancer and the 4th most common cancer that affects women.

Uterine cancer is typically diagnosed in its early stages and thus, it is easier to start treatment on time. This is why the 5-year survival rate among women suffering from uterine cancer is quite high, around 90 percent. As the name suggests, uterine cancer begins in the uterus or the womb, a part of the female reproductive system where fetal growth and development takes place after fertilization and implantation. This page talks about everything that you need to know about uterine cancer – types, symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment and survival rate.

This article talks everything about Uterine Cancer Treatment In India, Best Cancer Hospitals In India & what is Uterine Cancer Costs In India? It covers other popular destinations as well.

Uterine cancer is typically diagnosed in its early stages and thus, it is easier to start treatment on time. This is why the 5-year survival rate among women suffering from uterine cancer is quite high, around 90 percent. As the name suggests, uterine cancer begins in the uterus or the womb, a part of the female reproductive system where fetal growth and development takes place after fertilization and implantation.

Types of Uterine Cancer

There are two types of uterine cancer, differentiated on the basis of their site of origin. These are:

  • Endometrial cancer: This type of uterine cancer initiates in the lining of the uterus knows as the endometrium. Endometrial cancer is the most common form of uterine cancer and accounts for 95 percent of all cases.
  • Uterine sarcoma: This is a rare type of uterine cancer that initiates in other tissues or muscles of the uterus. It accounts for only 5 percent of all uterine cancer cases.

When does uterine cancer form?

Uterine cancer forms when there is an abnormal growth of cells in the lining of the uterus or any other tissue. It usually affects women aged above 50 years.

How can Lyfboat assist you getting Endometrial Cancer Treatment in India?

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Lyfboat is a free advisory platform; we do not charge any fees from patients. In fact, we negotiate the price that Indian hospitals offer. In some cases we are able to reduce the cost by negotiating upto 20% of what Hospitals generally offer. We advise the best treatment from the top hospital/surgeon at best price.

What causes uterine cancer?

  • As far as endometrial cancer is concerned, it results because of hormonal imbalance in females. In a majority of women diagnosed with this type of uterine cancer, the levels of estrogen exceed the levels of progesterone.
  • This imbalance causes excess growth of cells in the uterine lining, resulting in its thickening. Cancer starts to develop if the lining is not shed and continues to remain thick over a period of time.
  • The mass of cells accumulated within the uterus can even metastasize, that is, detach itself and travel to other organs. Therefore, if left untreated, the tumor can spread to other parts of the body as well.
  • Genetic changes within the endometrial layer of the uterine wall are also known to trigger abnormal multiplication of cells, which may lead to cancer.
  • There is no direct cause behind the development of uterine sarcomas. However, scientists have identified that it may occur because of certain changes in the DNA that trigger rapid multiplication of cells of the uterus.

Uterine Cancer: Symptoms

The most symptoms associated with endometrial cancer include:

  • Pelvic pain
  • Abnormal discharge from the vagina, typically blood-stained or watery
  • Abnormal bleeding even after menopause
  • Abnormal bleeding in between two menstrual cycles
  • Pain during sexual intercourse

Uterine Cancer: Risk Factors

There are certain conditions and circumstances that increases the tendency of a woman to develop uterine cancer. Some of these factors include:

  • Hormonal imbalance: Women with estrogen-progesterone hormonal imbalance are at an increased risk of developing uterine cancer. This imbalance can be triggered by a number of reason, including diabetes, obesity and polycystic ovarian syndrome.
  • Long menstrual years: Women who have had periods before 12 years of age and those who enter menopause late are also at risk. This is because greater the number of menstrual cycles, greater the number of times uterine wall gets exposed to estrogen.
  • Age: The risk of endometrial cancer increases with age.
  • Obesity: Excessive weight keeps hormonal imbalance out of place, thus resulting in growth of extra cells in the uterus.
  • Absent motherhood: Women who have not been pregnant even once are at an increased risk of uterine cancer.
  • Breast cancer: Women who are prescribed certain drugs as a part of hormonal therapy for breast cancer treatment are also at an increased risk of uterine cancer.
  • Genetics: Women who inherit the gene for nonpolyposis colorectal cancer are at an increased risk of certain types of cancer, including uterine cancer.

Uterine Cancer: Diagnosis

  • Pelvic exam: During a pelvic exam, a doctor typically looks at the outer genitals and then inserts a tube-like device or two fingers to conduct an internal examination of the vagina, uterus and ovaries. This enables the doctor to check for any swelling, abnormal growth, or protrusion in the uterus.
  • Transvaginal ultrasound: In this type of diagnostic test, the doctor inserts a device called a transducer to examine the uterus and check for any abnormalities in the endometrium. The device passes sound waves to create an image of the uterus on screen.
  • Hysteroscopy: In this test, a thin tube-like device called a hysteroscope is inserted into the uterus through the vagina. The device is attached to a lens that allows the doctor to see the endometrium and the uterus.
  • Biopsy: A biopsy is conducted by removing a piece of tissue from the endometrium and looking at it under the microscope to confirm cancer cells. This step confirms the presence or absence of uterine cancer.
  • Dilation and curettage (D&C): This procedure is conducted only when biopsy results are unclear or when a piece of tissue cannot be obtained for it. During D&C, the vagina is dilated and a needle-like device is inserted to scrape off a few cells of the uterus. The cells are then observed under a microscope to confirm a uterine cancer diagnosis.

Uterine Cancer: Staging

The next step after a uterine cancer diagnosis is to stage cancer, that is, to identify the extent of cancer. The stage of cancer dictates the treatment that the doctor will follow or advise.

Uterine cancer staging is done with the help of certain diagnostic tests, such as X-Ray, CT scan, blood tests, or a PET scan. However, there are cases in which the actual stage is determined only when the patient undergoes surgery for treatment.

The following are the four stages of uterine cancer:

  • Stage 1: Cancer is restricted just to the uterus.
  • Stage 2: Cancer is present in the uterus as well as the cervix.
  • Stage 3: Cancer has spread beyond the uterus, sometimes to the pelvis and lymph nodes but not the bladder and rectum.
  • Stage 4: Cancer had spread to more distal parts, including the rectum, bladder and other organs.

Uterus Cancer Treatment in India

The course of treatment taken by the doctor depends on the extent of your cancer, its stage, type, characteristics, the age of the patient and the overall health to tolerate a specific kind of treatment. Typically, there are four different types of treatment for uterine cancer. These uterine cancer treatment options are often conducted in combination with each other.

  • Surgery: This is the most common form of treatment for uterine cancer. Typically during surgery, the uterus is removed along with ovaries and the Fallopian tubes. As a result, the patient is unable to produce children after the surgery and experiences menopause due to the absence of ovaries. During surgery, the doctor also examines the nearby tissues and organs in case the spread of cancer is suspected. The lymph nodes may also be examined at the same time.
  • Radiation therapy: This treatment may be conducted after surgery to reduce the chances of cancer recurrence. It may also be conducted as a standalone treatment in case the patient is not healthy enough or eligible for surgery. Radiation therapy is typically performed with the help of a machine places outside the body that transmits powerful x-ray beams to kill off cancer cells. However, it may also be conducted with the help of a radiation device placed inside the vagina for a short period of time.
  • Chemotherapy: This type of treatment makes use of drugs to kill off cancer cells. Patients either receive a single drug or a combination of drugs administered orally or injected intravenously. Chemotherapy is typically advised in cases where cancer has spread beyond the uterus.
  • Hormone therapy: This type of treatment works by regulating the hormone levels in the body and is advised in case cancer has spread beyond the uterus. Hormones are administered to either increase the amount of progesterone in the body or to decrease the amount of estrogen.

Uterine Cancer Survival Rates

It is easier to diagnose and treat uterine cancer in its early stages, and for the same reason, the survival rate associated with this type of cancer is much greater than other types of cancer.

It is estimated that the survival rate among uterine cancer patients within the first five years of diagnosis is between 80 and 90 percent. The 10-year survival rate, on the other hand, is around 79 percent. This is true for cases where the cancer is restricted to the uterus.

In case cancer has spread to other regional areas, the 5 years survival rate is around 68 percent. The chances of survival in case cancer have spread to more distal areas is just 17 percent.

Frequently asked Questions (FAQs) about Uterus Cancer Treatment in India

Q. Is laparoscopic surgery for removal of uterine cancer available in India?

Total hysterectomy—surgery to remove the uterus, including the cervix, is the most common treatment for women with endometrial cancer. Advanced techniques based on minimally invasive approach, such as laparoscopic hysterectomy and robot-assisted surgery, are available at many top uterine cancer hospitals in India. The surgery can be done laparoscopically, by inserting instruments directly through small incisions or using a robotic system, such as the da Vinci Surgical System, to assist with the surgery. These methods provide several benefits to the patients, including reducing postoperative pain, and faster recovery time, risk of complications such as infection and blood loss.

Q. When is radiation therapy recommended for the treatment of uterine cancer?

Radiation therapy is a treatment option for women at all stages of uterine cancer. It can be used before or after the surgery as an adjuvant method. In cases where a woman can’t have surgery due to other medical reasons, radiation therapy may be recommended instead for destroying the cancer cells in the uterus.

In conditions where cancer has invaded tissue beyond the uterus, the doctor may use radiation therapy and chemotherapy to manage the disease.

Q. What type of radiation is used for uterine cancer treatment?

Typically, two types of radiation therapy is being used for uterine cancer treatment: External radiation therapy and Internal radiation therapy.

In external radiation therapy, a machine is used to direct the radiation at the pelvis or other areas with cancer. The treatment is usually given for 5 days a week over several weeks.

Internal radiation therapy is also called brachytherapy. It involves the use of a narrow cylinder loaded with radioactive substance that is placed inside the vagina. After the removal of the radioactive substance, no radioactivity is left within the body.

Q. How long does the treatment for uterine cancer take?

This depends on the type of treatment given. In case of surgery, the patient will need to stay in the hospital for a few days. The length of stay is less if surgery is done laparoscopically, than with an open method.

With chemotherapy and radiation, the number of sessions or cycles depend on the stage of the cancer, type of drug/radiation therapy used, response to the treatment and goal of the treatment (kill all cancer cells, control growth or manage pain/symptoms).

Q. Can hormone therapy be used to treat uterine cancer?

Certain uterine tumors need hormones for their growth. These tumors have hormone receptors for the common female hormones. If the tests indicate that the tumor in the patient’s uterus has these receptors, then hormone therapy can be used as a treatment option. Hormone therapy may be used for treatment of advanced uterine cancer in women and also for women with Stage I uterine cancers who wish to get pregnant and have children in the future.

Q. Does uterine cancer treatment affect fertility?

Uterine cancer treatment may affect the woman’s fertility and ability to conceive. The uterus is where the fetus grows during pregnancy and the treatment for uterine cancer may affect this. Sometimes the ovaries are also removed to eradicate cancer. In these cases, ovarian cortex cryopreservation may be an option for women within childbearing age who want to use a surrogate to have children after treatment.

Vanshika Rawat

Written By Vanshika Rawat

Vanshika Rawat is an experienced content developer. She is very knowledgeable in the field of science and healthcare and has worked under brilliant scientists during her higher education. Vanshika obtained her degrees in Masters in Science and Bachelors in Science (Microbiology with Hons.) from renowned institutions - Panjab University and University of Delhi.
Dr. Surbhi Suden

Verified By Dr. Surbhi Suden

Dr. Surbhi Suden is one of the founders of Lyfboat and a doctor with a renowned name in the Medical tourism industry. She has been working with international patients since 2008 and is a deeply committed professional with a long term vision of transforming the current healthcare scenarios.

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