Nasal obstruction causes breathing difficulty. It can result from inflammation, structural problems of the nose, and other causes. Treatment ranges from medication to different surgeries. Decongestants, corticosteroids, and antihistamines can be used the alleviate the symptoms of nasal obstruction. In more severe cases, surgery might be required. Depending on the cause of nasal obstruction, it can be treated through somnoplasty, turbinate reduction surgery, septoplasty, or adenoidectomy. Somnoplasty uses radiofrequency probes to reduce nasal tissue in the case of enlarged turbinates (structures on the side of the nose). Turbinate reduction surgery involves removing some tissue from the turbinates to increase airflow. Septoplasty involves correcting a deviated septum, also allowing for increased airflow. Finally, in adenoidectomy, the adenoids can be removed, which can help reduce the nasal obstruction.
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