Prostate is a gland present in the male reproductive system. It helps produce a milky fluid that forms a part of the semen. This fluid is alkaline in nature, a property that helps balance the acidity of the vaginal tract. As a result, fluid produced by prostate gland help sperms live longer. In case of prostate cancer, the cancerous cells divide slowly. However, some forms of this cancer can be aggressive as well. In some cases, the cancer cells can even travel to other parts of the body, including lymph nodes and bones.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer among men. Each year, thousands of patients are diagnosed of prostate cancer, but thankfully, this form of cancer is completely curable with the help of drugs, radiation and surgical intervention.
Prostate Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India
There are several prostate cancer treatment hospitals in India that offer all state-of-the-art facilities and the most advanced technology under one roof. The best prostate cancer treatment hospitals in India are well-equipped to deal with all kinds of emergencies, be it related to the procedure in progress or any other medical or surgical intervention required after the treatment is conducted.
The best hospitals for prostate cancer treatment in India cater to the needs of a pool of medical tourists from around the world each year, especially from the UK, US, Nigeria, UAE and Russia. This is because of the high quality of medical treatment delivered at the hospitals, that too at an extremely affordable cost.
The top prostate cancer treatment hospitals are located and spread across all major cities in the country, including Delhi, Gurgaon, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai and Bengaluru. The best part about these hospitals is that these are easily approachable, since the cities are well-connected through road, air and rail transport.
These hospitals, among others, have the most advances digital imaging and diagnostic technology that are used for cancer treatment. In addition, the doctors, surgeons, radiologists and other medical staff appointed by these hospitals are highly-qualified and hold many years of experience in dealing with the treatment of prostate cancer patients.
Best Prostate Cancer Hospitals
Prostate cancer Treatment in India
Prostate cancer treatment in India can be availed at any good private healthcare setting. Many foreign nationals come to India each year to get prostate cancer treatment, simply because of quality of medical services in the hospital and the affordable cost of treatment.
The treatment of prostate cancer is a sensitive process as it involves an important part of the male reproductive system – the prostate gland. Following the treatment, the patient is bound to experience certain physical and emotional changes and this is the reason why surgeon handling the patient should have great experience in dealing with all sought of circumstances and medical emergencies.
Prostate cancer treatment in India is popular because of the experience of the doctors and their educational background. A background of medical experts in the country are educated and trained in abroad and they hold an expertise in conducting hundreds of prostate cancer treatment procedures in a year.
All major prostate cancer treatment hospitals in India conduct all types of procedures used to treat patients effectively and efficiently. Prostatectomy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and other surgical interventions are some of the common types of prostate cancer treatment.
The ability to get all specialized facilities and technology under one roof is what attracts a medical tourist to a country like India. Moreover, the cost of prostate cancer treatment in India is less than half of what it costs in any other country. Thus, a patient saves hundreds of dollars by coming to India for prostate cancer treatment.
Prostate Cancer Treatment Cost in India
India is a popular destination among medical tourists for prostate cancer treatment because the cost of treatment here is highly affordable. This is despite high quality of medical treatment and the use of state-of-the-art facilities and high-end technology for the treatment of patients.
By opting for prostate cancer treatment in India, a medical tourists is able to save hundreds of dollar. This remains true even when other miscellaneous treatment expenses and factors such as duration of hospital stay, boarding and lodging, food expenses, doctor’s fees, length of surgery and post-operative complications are taken into consideration.
Prostate cancer treatment cost in India is, thus, just a fraction of what it costs in other countries. Moreover, the hospitals in India make special arrangement for medical tourists and take care of all their language, food and stay needs upon their arrival. The cost of all these facilities is included in the package offered by medical facilitators and the hospital themselves.
The difference in the cost of prostate cancer treatment in India and the US is evident from the following table:
||Starting Cost in India(USD)
|Chemotherapy (per cycle)
|Brachytherapy (per cycle)
|External radition (per cycle)
Prostate Cancer: Causes and Risk Factors
No exact cause of prostate cancer has been identified so far, however, scientific research conducted in the past has associated a number of risk factors to the development of the cancer of the prostate.For example, tall and overweight men aged above 80, with a family history of prostate cancer are at an increased risk of prostate cancer. In addition, it is more common in Asian and black African men and those who smoke, eat diet rich in saturated fats and are exposed to industrial contaminants.
Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
In some patients affected by prostate cancer, there may be no symptoms at all. However, there are some patients who experience specific prostate cancer symptoms.Some of the common symptoms of prostate cancer include the following:
- Frequent urination
- Pain while passing urine
- Urine or semen contaminated with blood
- Pain in the bone
- Feeling that the bladder has not been emptied completely
These symptoms may result because of some other condition as well. Therefore, it is necessary that you undergo thorough and complete prostate cancer diagnosis for confirmation and seek immediate treatment after whatever the outcome is.
Prostate Cancer Diagnosis
Digital rectal exam (DRE) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test are the two major diagnostic procedures used to check the patient. In a DRE, the doctor inserts a lubricated finger into the rectum of the suspected patient to finally reach the prostate and examine it for any abnormality.The PSA test looks for traces of chemical produced by the prostate gland in the blood sample taken from the patient. High PSA level is often connected to prostate cancer or any other disorder of the prostate gland.Other diagnostic tests used for the diagnosis of prostate cancer include:
- Biopsy: In this test, a piece of tissue is taken from the prostate gland with the help of a needle. The cells of the tissue are observed under a microscope to confirm any cancerous growth.
- Ultrasound: A transrectal ultrasound may be conducted to examine the prostate gland and check for any cancerous growth.
- Bone scan, MRI and CT scan: These tests are conducted to confirm whether the prostate cancer has spread to the bones or any other location in the body.
Prostate Cancer Treatment Options
Depending on the prostate cancer stage (Stage I: non-advanced to Stage IV: most advanced), the doctor may select one or a combination of prostate cancer treatment options and then initiate therapy after discussing it with the patients.A patient is ideally informed about the course of treatment in advance before initiating the treatment. All other alternatives to the treatment are also discussed and upon consent, the treatment is initiated.The following are some of the popular prostate cancer treatment options practised in India:
This is the most common form of prostate cancer treatment in which a drug or a combination of anti-cancer drugs are used to kill off cancer cells. The drugs are either injected intravenously or administered orally in the form of pills. The active ingredient contained in the drug works by stopping the cancer cells from dividing and by starving them to death.The cost of chemotherapy in India depends on the number of cycles of treatment and the cost of chemotherapy drug. It also depends on whether the drug is manufactured in the country or needs to be imported from abroad.Radical prostatectomy:
This is one of the most common form of surgical treatment for prostate cancer removal. During this procedure, the surgeon completely removed the prostate gland and the nearby tissues that may be affected by the cancer cells.This procedure is conducted as an open surgery or a laparoscopic procedure. Laparoscopic prostatectomy is a minimally invasive prostate cancer surgery that results in less complications, quick recovery time and less pain.Robotic surgery:
It is yet another minimally invasive prostate cancer surgery in which robotic hands are used to conduct partial or complete removal of the prostate gland. The robotic hands are guided by a surgeon who sees the inside of the patient on a computer screenThe robotic hands are programmed to handle all the tools to make an incision and cut away the prostate gland. This is a costly procedure that results in quick recovery and minimal pain.Brachytherapy:
This is a form of internal radiation therapy for prostate cancer. In this procedure, high dose radiation seeds are placed inside the body of the patient, near the site of cancer. The seeds release radioactive radiation on the inside, thus killing off cancer cells.The seeds are either placed permanently and dissolve by itself, or they are removed and replaced from time to time. This procedure helps minimize damage to other healthy tissues and organs.External radiation:
This is a common procedure often conducted independently or in combination with surgery or brachytherapy. High beam of radiation is focused on the prostate gland from the outside with the help of a machine. The radiation helps kill of cancer cells, but also ends up damaging some bit of the area surrounding the prostate gland.Cyberknife:
This is a special machinery used for the treatment of prostate cancer. This highly advanced technology is capable of focusing extremely high dose of radiation at specific points. The machine itself is able to move itself and adjust according to the area that requires action.This movable technology, thus, irradiates the prostate cancer cells. It is extremely accurate and efficient technology that enables quick recovery.HIFU:
High intensity focus ultrasound (HIFU) makes use of intense sound waved to kill prostate cancer cells. The high frequency energy used in the treatment heat the cancer cells, which eventually die off during the process. This procedure can be conducted under the influence of either local or general anesthesia, and the patient is typically not required to stay overnight after the treatment cycle. Recovery after HIFU is relatively quick.