Lung Transplant Cost in India

Last Modified: November 11, 2021  |   Created on: November 11, 2021
Transplants
  • Lung transplants are an ideal option for end-stage and chronic pulmonary conditions like pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, Cystic fibrosis, and Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • Depending on the condition, a patient can undergo a Single Lung Transplant, Double or sequential Lung Transplant, or Combined heart and lung transplant. 
  • The average cost of a lung transplant in India is between 30,000 USD to 40,000 USD.
  • The average success rate of lung transplants in India is 87%.
Lung-transplant-cost-in-India

Lungs are an essential part of the respiratory system, constituted by a group of tissues and organs that help us breathe. Therefore, damaged or unhealthy lungs can prevent the body from fulfilling its basic oxygen needs.

The damage to the lungs can be controlled or treated with assisted breathing devices and medication. But when the damage becomes life-threatening, a doctor recommends a patient to undergo a lung transplant.

A lung transplant is a second chance at life, especially for patients suffering from chronic lung diseases like pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, Cystic fibrosis, and Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is a surgical process that involves replacing diseased and failing parts of the lungs with healthy and functional lungs. 

The surgery, like any other medical procedure, comes with a set of risks and complications. However, lung transplants are still a preferred option for many patients to improve the overall quality of their lives.

Types of Lung Transplants

Type of Lung Transplant

Procedure

Conditions

Suitable For

Single Lung Transplant

The patient receives 1 lung from a deceased or healthy donor

Suitable option for patients suffering from fibrotic lung disease

Patients who are 65 years of age or less with a small chest.

Double or sequential Lung Transplant

The patient receives two lungs, mostly from a deceased donor.

Suitable option for patients suffering from cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, emphysema (including that caused by alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency) and pulmonary hypertension

Patients who are 60 years of age or less.

Combined heart and lung transplant

The patient receives a heart and two lungs, mostly from a deceased donor

Suitable option for patients suffering from congenital conditions or those who have a serious cardiac condition along with a lung disease

Patients who are 60 years of age or less.

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Lung Transplant in India

1. Before the transplant

Before the lung transplant surgery, the patient needs to undergo a comprehensive evaluation conducted by the doctor. This is done in order to analyze whether the patient is eligible for the procedure or not. The basic steps a patient will go through are:

  • Diagnostic tests – These tests help the doctor evaluate the condition of the patient’s lungs and overall health. It may include an X-ray, ultrasound, CT scans, pulmonary function tests, and lung biopsy. Additionally, female patients may also undergo tests like pap smear tests, mammograms, and a general gynecologic evaluation. 
  • Blood tests – Blood tests help patients to find a suitable donor so that there are minimal chances of immune-rejection post-transplant. 
  • Social & Psychological evaluation – This is essential as it analyzes the patient’s mental health, stress levels, support from their families, and financial options. These factors, too, play an integral part in the success of the procedure. 

Apart from the evaluation, a patient is also expected to make certain lifestyle changes. 

  • Stop smoking for at least 3 months before the surgery
  • Follow a healthy, balanced diet.
  • Get regular exercise

2. Finding a donor

  • According to the Transplantation of Human Organs ACT, international patients in India are not eligible to register under NOTTO (National organ & tissue transplant organization) for a lung transplant. 
  • Therefore, international patients can’t undergo cadaveric lung transplantation in India. 
  • However, living lung transplantation in India is a great option for international patients. Living donor transplantation requires a patient to find a donor who is a good match. Mostly, a close family member or blood-related relative can be potential donors. 
  • A donor must be in good health and a non-smoker for successful transplantation. A living donor will donate a part of their lung, usually the lower lobes, to the patient. 

3. Lung transplant surgery 

  • After the doctor and the patient are satisfied with the pre-transplant procedures and a living donor is available, the transplant surgery can be conducted. 
  • The surgery is performed under general anesthesia and can last for 6 to 8 hours. 
  • The patient will stay on ventilator support throughout the surgery and will breathe through intubation tubes, which will also assist the patient with other bodily functions. 
  • The surgeon will make cuts in the main airway and surrounding blood vessels during the surgery, remove the diseased portion of the lungs, and replace them with the donated parts. The transected blood vessels are reattached. 
  • A separate surgery will be conducted before this procedure where the surgeon will remove a healthy lobe structure from the donor’s body. 

4. After lung transplant surgery

  • After successful transplant surgery, the patient’s condition will be monitored in an ICU for at least 4-5 days. 
  • Then, the patient is shifted to a normal ward where they’ll be kept under observation for 2-3 weeks. 
  • The doctor may also suggest the patient join a pulmonary rehabilitation program to maintain their breathing capacity. This will also include counseling sessions that educate the patient on living a healthy life after the transplant. 
  • During the hospital stay, regular tests like pulmonary function tests, ECG, lung biopsy, etc. will be conducted to assess the patient’s recovery and healing. 

How can Lyfboat assist you getting a Lung transplant in India?

World's Most Trusted Medical Advisory & Discount Platform

Lyfboat is a free advisory platform; we do not charge any fees from patients. In fact, we negotiate the price that Indian hospitals offer. In some cases we are able to reduce the cost by negotiating upto 20% of what Hospitals generally offer. We advise the best treatment from the top hospital/surgeon at best price.

Lung Transplant Cost in India

The price of lung transplant in India is far more economical than the costs offered in other countries like the US, the UK, or Europe. 
 
ProcedureNo. of days in the HospitalAverage cost
Pre-transplant procedure for the patient1 week9,000 USD
Initial workup for the donorOutpatient (OPD)3,000 USD
Live Lung Transplantation3 weeks6,000 USD
Transplant cost for the donor1 week10,000 USD -12,000 USD
Follow-up careOutpatient (OPD)1,000 USD – 2,000 USD

 

Factors affecting the cost of lung transplant in India

  • Infrastructure and Technology offered by the hospital
  • Experience of the surgeons
  • Length of stay in the hospital 
  • Room category
  • Additional health complications
  • Recovery and Rehabilitation programs
  • Post-transplant Medication and follow-ups

Life after lung transplant

A lung transplant can play a significant role in improving the For the transplant to be successful in the long term, a patient should stick to a certain form of lifestyle that promotes fast healing and recovery. After a patient is discharged from the hospital facility, they can expect the following to be a part of their journey ahead. 

  • Regular follow-ups

The doctor will schedule regular post-op appointments with the patient to keep a check on any chances of infection, immune rejection, and other possible conditions. This will last for at least 3 months after the lung transplant procedure. 

  • Immunosuppressive medications

To minimize the incidence of immune-regulated rejection, the doctor will prescribe some anti-rejection medications to the patient. The patient is required to take these medicines for the rest of their lives.

  • Hygiene

A patient should practice good hygiene to avoid any chance of infection since it can lead to a severe impact on the transplanted lungs. It is also advisable to avoid crowded places where a patient can be easily exposed to harmful pathogens. 

  • Lifestyle

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is the most important step in the post-transplant journey. A patient should inculcate a balanced diet and regular exercise in their daily routines. Smoking and drinking are strictly prohibited. 

The success rate of lung transplants in India

India has witnessed immense growth in the field of medicine. With this growth, the success rate and life expectancy after various procedures have seen a notable increase. The average success rate of lung transplants in India is 87%

As much as 80% of patients experienced an increased life span of 1 year, while 50% of patients had more than 5 years of increased life expectancy after the procedure. 

Frequently asked Questions (FAQs) about Lung Transplant in India

1. Who is eligible for a lung transplant in India?

A lung transplant can be performed for all patients, from newborns to adults who are up to the age of 60 or 65. 

2. What are the contraindications of a lung transplant?

A lung transplant will not be an ideal option for patients who:

  • Are an active smoker 
  • Are experiencing an organ failure other than the lungs
  • Suffer from malignant conditions like cancer
  • HIV disease or any active infection

3. What are the complications associated with the procedure?

Like any other medical procedure, there are a few complications associated with a lung transplant, including

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Blockage of the blood vessels to the transplanted lungs
  • Blockage of the airways
  • Severe pulmonary edema 
  • Blood clots

4. Who can become a donor?

An individual who is a non-smoker, healthy, and psychologically fit is eligible to become a donor. Ideally, a blood-related donor will be a good match for the patient. 

5. What documents are required by the patient and the donor for a lung transplant in India?

The patient and the donor will face an interview on arrival in the country. They will need a NOC, an affidavit, and a letter from their country’s embassy in India stating their relationship and assuring no financial loopholes. 

6. How long will a patient stay in India for a lung transplant?

A patient can expect to spend at least one month in India. 

7. Can a patient undergo a lung transplant more than once?

Yes, retransplantation is possible but not common. A patient may only undergo retransplantation in severe or life-threatening conditions. 

Simran Bahia

Written By Simran Bahia

Simran Bahia is an experienced content developer with extensive research experience in the field of Immunology and Reproductive Biology. Simran obtained her Bachelors in Life Sciences followed by a Master's in Immunology from renowned institutions - The University of Delhi and Amity Institute of Virology and Immunology.
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