Breast Cancer Treatment in India
Not all, but a majority of women are more susceptible to breast cancer than any other types of cancers. It is a common medical condition that can be cured with chemotherapy or radiation therapy when diagnosed in the initial stage. But if detected at the end-stage, it could prove to be life-threatening.
Nonetheless, breast cancer treatment cost is a major concern associated with the disease, while emotional trauma is quite taxing. When it comes to choosing the best selected destination in the world for breast cancer treatment, India tops the list.
Not every country in the world is adequately equipped with modern technology for breast cancer treatment. In a challenging scenario where Nigeria is suffering from dearth of modern and latest breast cancer treatment, India is becoming increasingly popular for its affordable treatment options and innovative treatment procedures.
When compared to other western countries such as the UK and the US, India stands at par when it comes to delivering the best investigated and diagnosed techniques for breast cancer.
The best cancer specialists in India are famously regarded for their disciplinary approach, which includes medical oncology, surgical oncology, and radiation oncology for breast cancer treatment. The top cancer experts in India follow the most up-to-date international protocols in the country.
Besides, the network of best cancer hospitals in India offer comprehensive cancer care and all types of breast cancer treatment under one roof. Breast cancer treatment in India is, thus, affordable, accessible and of high quality as compared to other countries.
Breast Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India
There are several multi-facility and super-speciality breast cancer treatment hospitals in India. Here, all types of cancers are treated through application of cutting-edge technology and most progressive cancer treatment modalities. The main objective is to focus upon the specific needs of patients and design a treatment procedure solely suited for the particular patient.
The facilities offered at the best hospitals for breast cancer treatment in India adhere to national accreditation standards and that of international hospitals. This is the reason why patients of any foreign national feel confident and safe about travelling to India to seek breast cancer treatment. The staff at the hospitals are proficient in fluent English and doctors are adept in understanding and catering to the needs of the patient without feeling the language barriers.
The best hospitals for breast cancer treatment in India boast of the most eclectic group of surgical oncologists combined with medical team who have the expertise and skills of solving the most complicated cases. Top doctors in India make use of third generation technology plus medical techniques for patients. Notably, a loving and compassionate environment is the unique selling proposition of Indian hospitals, which is significantly necessary for the well-being of patients.
Cancer treatment in India has fetched world-wide attention in the recent times, owing to the psychological benefits offered to the patients along with medical facilities. This distinctly refers to how a patient and his or her family feels much calmer and absolutely hassle-free while running to separate specialities armed with best systematic administration and caring staff.
It deserves a special mention that top hospitals in India possess all research equipment and state-of-the-art technology for the most fruitful diagnosis of breast cancer. The initial step starts with a physical examination of the patient with the procedures of ultrasound and mammography tests. These are modern tests that help to analyse the right prognosis and correct detection.
Added to these, a tissue biopsy is needed for better determination of the disease and how far it has developed. Cryotherapy, one of the recent advancements in the world, is also administered to kill the cancer cells.
Best Breast Cancer Treatment Hospitals
Some of the best hospitals for breast cancer in India include the following:
Breast Cancer Treatment Cost in India
Chemotherapy and cancer medicines are expensive. However, compared to the western countries, India has less expensive and reasonably priced treatment for cancer patients. The cost of breast cancer treatment in India varies with cities and hospitals, since every hospital has its own therapies, surgeon and infrastructure. The cost of facilities charges and tests add up to the cancer treatment cost.
Today, India has all the facilities of helping overseas patients with the most affordable breast cancer treatment. More so, high quality breast cancer treatment is available in India just like it’s US and UK counterparts, but at a much lower price.
Extensive imaging facilities, diagnostic services, CT technology and advanced MRI are available in cities such as Kerala, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Delhi, Jaipur, Chandigarh, Goa, Nagpur, Pune, Hyderabad and Gurgaon to name a few.
The different techniques for breast cancer surgery and treatment are available at 80 percent lesser price than the UK and US rates. Even if travel expenses and lodging of patient’s family are taken into account, the cost of breast cancer is much lower. Here, have a look at cost comparison.
||US (procedure cost $)
||India (procedure cost $)
The foreign countries from where patients often travel to India for cancer treatment include the UK, US, Afghanistan, Australia, Tanzania, Nepal, Lanka, Kenya, Zambia, Zealand, Ethiopia, Canada, Uzbekistan, Uganda and Nigeria. It should be noted that the cost of cancer treatment in India is inclusive of stay in hospitals, surgery, consumables, medicines, airport transfers and free stay of companion.
Breast Cancer Causes
Breast cancer is the abnormal growth of cells inside the breast tissues. The causes of breast cancer are associated with genetic issues. Those whose close family members such as sister, maternal grandmother or mother have had a history of breast cancer, are more susceptible to getting the disease. However, extensive research has found that many breast cancer cases are not attributed to genetic problems, rather the cause is sometimes hormonal.
Breast Cancer Symptoms
If a woman notices any of the symptoms of breast cancer, then she is possibly suffering from the disease. Not all symptoms are always visible to the patients, and this is the reason why breast cancer screening and diagnosis is important. Those who can afford screening should opt for it every two years to check that there are no possible signs of the disease.
There are a few symptoms of breast cancer and cell abnormality that should be immediately screened, tested and diagnosed. These include painful or non-painful growth of lump under arms or in the breast, change in shape and size of breast and change in colour of the nipples or the breast skin. In addition, breast cancer patients often experience abnormal discharge from the nipples.
Breast Cancer Diagnosis
There are several types of tests conducted for the diagnosis of breast cancer. Some of the common tests include ultrasound, mammography, breast MRI and breast cancer biopsy. Mammography is described as an X-ray of the breast, which is done to determine any tumour growth that would be left in the breast.
Breast cancer diagnosis is routinely conducted at all multispecialty and cancer hospitals. The tests such as biopsy, mammography and ultrasound helps confirm whether the patient is suffering from cancer or not and to determine the stage and extent of breast cancer.
Based on the diagnosis made, a suitable treatment plan is tailored according to the needs of the patients.
Stages of Breast Cancer
One may hear certain words that are used for describing the different stages of breast cancer, which include local, regional and distant. Local breast cancer term is used to describe cancer in the breast. Regional breast cancer indicates that the lymph nodes in the armpits have been affected as well and distant breast cancer, on the other hand, is spread to other parts of the body as well.
In medical terms, breast cancer is best categorized as Stage 0, Stage 1, Stage II, Stage III and Stage IV. Stage 0 is the nascent stage and is defined as non-invasive breast cancer. There is no signs of cancerous or non-cancerous abnormal cells found in any part of the body, including the breasts.
Stage I breast cancer is the preliminary stage when cancer cells have started to grow inside the breasts but they have not spread out to any other part of the body. Typically, no lymph nodes are involved in this stage.
Stage II breast cancer is that stage where no tumour is found, but cancer breaks out in the lymph nodes. In this case, the tumour usually measures 2 centimetres. The tumour can be larger than 2 centimetres but is definitely smaller than 5 centimetres.
Stage III breast cancer is described as invasive breast cancer. Either the tumour is of any size or no tumour is found in the breast. Cancer is diagnosed in 4 to 9 axillary lymph nodes situated near the breastbone. The tumour is usually larger than 5 centimetres.
Stage IV breast cancer is the fatal stage where cancer has spread beyond the breast to other parts of the body into other organs like brain, liver, lungs, skin and lymph nodes. The words ‘’metastatic’’ or ‘’advanced’’ are used to describe the Stage IV. Stage IV cancer may be the recurrence of previous breast cancer or it may diagnosed for the first time.
Breast Cancer Treatment
Breast cancer surgery is basically of two types – lumpectomy and mastectomy.
Lumpectomy is elimination of abnormal breast tissues by retaining the rest of the portion of breast, while mastectomy is complete elimination of the entire breast.
Chemotherapy is administered either before or after surgery. It involves the use of specific drugs to kill off cancer cells. The use of chemotherapy may depend on the stage and the location of the cancer.
Different doses of chemotherapy drugs are administered through injections directly into the veins or with the help of IV solution or pills. The motive is to kill the cancerous cells and impede further relapse.
Hormonal therapy is administered on PR-positive and ER-positive types of patients with breast cancer. The idea is to give hormonal therapy medicines so as to obstruct the action of hormones on the cancer cells and stop its further proliferation.
Radiation therapy is often done post-surgery to kill the cancerous cells that are still left. Radiation therapy is done in combination with chemotherapy for the treatment of invasive breast cancer.
Targeted drug therapy is the most advanced types of treatment for breast cancer. It is expensive, but result-oriented. Targeted drug therapy is different from chemotherapy wherein certain characteristics of the cancer cells are targeted, for example, the presence of HER-2 receptors in the surface of the cancer cells in case of breast cancer. These cells tend to grow abnormally and so are specifically killed by targeted drug therapy. Unlike chemotherapy, targeted drug therapy does not kill healthy cells in the body.