ASD Closure Surgery Cost in India

Last Modified: October 4, 2019  |   Created on: July 23, 2018
Heart

The cost of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) closure surgery in India starts from $3500 . This is less than 20 percent of what it costs in the US as the average price of ASD closure surgery in the US is estimated to be above $20000.

What is Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Closure Surgery Cost in India?

  • The Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) closure surgery cost in India ranges from $3500 – $5500.
  • There are mainly two methods for ASD repair: Cardiac catheterization and surgical intervention (open/ minimally invasive heart surgery). .
  • Hospitalization is usually required for 7-10 days, this may vary upon patient recovery.

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Factors Affecting the ASD Closure operation cost in India 

The cost of ASD treatment in India is effectively economical compared to several other nations. The overall cost of treatment depends on multiple factors and may vary within a narrow range. Some of the important factors that affect the ASD surgery cost in India are:
  • Method of treatment
  • Choice of the hospital and its location
  • The duration of hospital stay
  • Room category
  • Surgeon’s fee
  • Additional complications

What is an Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)?

Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a congenital heart disorder that affects the two upper chambers of the heart. In this condition, a person is born with an abnormal opening in the tissue wall of the heart, known as septum, that separates the right and left atria (chambers). This condition is commonly known as a “hole in the heart” and medically termed Atrial Septal Defect (ASD).

Can a patient live with ASD?

If the hole is small, the patient might not have any medical problems or it may even close on its own during childhood. The medium and large sized defects can have significant  impact on the performance of the heart and lungs. This is because the oxygen-rich blood from the right atrium leaks into the left atrium with oxygen-poor blood and gets pumped back to the lungs, causing increased work-load for the heart.

The larger opening in the septa can cause serious complications and therefore, it must be closed surgically by an experienced cardiac surgeon. For a smaller ASD defect, cardiac catheterization is typically suggested as the primary treatment. But for a larger ASD defect, heart surgery is considered as the best possible option. Minimally invasive ASD heart surgery in India has a high success rate and is carried out by extensively trained and experienced doctors.

How can Lyfboat assist you getting treatment for ASD Treatment in India?

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Lyfboat is a free advisory platform; we do not charge any fees from patients. In fact, we negotiate the price that Indian hospitals offer. In some cases we are able to reduce the cost by negotiating upto 20% of what Hospitals generally offer. We advise the best treatment from the top hospital/surgeon at best price.

What are the types of Atrial Septal Defect?

The following are the five common types of ASD:

  • Ostium secundum atrial septal defect: It is the most common type of ASD, accounting for 6 to 10 percent of all congenital heart problems. It occurs in the centre of the atria as an abnormal opening in the septum secundum.
  • Ostium primum atrial septal defect: A hole in the lower part of atrial chamber may  lead to this defect and its is usually associated with other heart defects like mitral and tricuspid valve. This condition may give rise to Down’s syndrome.
  • Sinus venosus atrial septal defect: This defect occurs in the top part of the atrial chamber and is a rare medical condition.
  • Common or single atrium: This defect arises due to the failure of the development of atrial septal complex in which the atrial septum is either absent or rudimentary.
  • Patent foramen ovale: In this defect, the  remnant part of the fetal foramen ovale (small flap-like opening) does not close prior to birth. It may remain undiscovered in most people but may cause specific complications defects such as stroke and migraine at a later stage of life.

While ostium secundum atrial septal defect accounts for 65 to 70 percent of all ASDs, ostium primum atrial septal defect accounts for almost 15 to 20 percent of ASDs and sinus venosus type accounts for less than 10 percent of ASDs.

What are the Risks and Complications of ASD?

ASD, if left untreated or diagnosed later, may lead to serious complications. Some of the fatal cardiac events that may result because of ASD include the following:
  • Heart failure
  • Arrhythmias
  • Heart stroke
  • Pulmonary hypertension

What are the Symptoms of having a Hole in the Heart?

Typically, children with ASD have a normal health and rarely experience any of the following symptoms. However, these symptoms may manifest completely in adults (above 25 years) and cause:
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Pneumonia on a frequent basis
  • Improper growth
  • Fatigue
  • Heart palpitations

How is ASD diagnosed?

In the case of patients suffering from ASD, abnormal heart sounds and palpitations are typically the first symptoms diagnosed with the help of a stethoscope. To confirm ASD, the doctor may order a combination of the following tests:

  • Chest X-ray
  • Echocardiography
  • Electrocardiography
  • Doppler study of the heart
  • Coronary angiography
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of chest

What are the Treatment Options available for ASD surgery in India?

Once ASD is confirmed in the patient, it can either managed through interventional catheterization or it can be treated surgically. The following are the most popular treatment options for ASD closure.

1. Heart Catheterization (Non-surgical Intervention)

During Heart Catheterization procedure, a catheter is placed into an artery or a vein in the patient’s groin region or neck. Next, the catheter is threaded through the artery or vein to reach the heart of the patient. Before threading the catheter into the blood vessel, the surgeon attaches it to a closure device that helps close the hole in the septum.

As the device reaches the site of atrial septal defect, it is released from the catheter. The device then opens up and secures the hole tightly. The implant becomes a part of the heart muscle over a period of time and stays there permanently as surrounding muscles grow over it. The catheter is withdrawn from the body of the patient as soon as the device is placed in accurate position.

Complications Associated with Heart Catheterization

The following complications may arise during or after heart catheterization:

  • Device embolization and malpositioning
  • Postimplantation arrhythmias
  • Thrombus formation
  • Cardiac perforation
  • Device erosion
  • Residual shunts
  • Pericardial effusion
  • Transient ischemic attack

2. Heart Surgery (Surgical intervention)

A surgical repair is necessary when the ASD cannot be managed through heart catheterization. The surgery can be open or minimally invasive.

During the open surgery procedure, the cardiac surgeon makes a cut on the patient’s chest after he/she is put under general anesthesia. The heart-lung machine is attached to the patient to maintain a constant supply of oxygenated blood to the body as this surgery is performed on a non-beating heart.

The cardiac surgeon may close the hole with the help of sutures or a patch depending on the size of the opening. Within the first six months of the surgery, the hole gets completely covered by the heart tissues.

Complications Associated with Open Heart Surgery

Cardiac surgery may result, although rarely, in the following complications:

  • Hematoma
  • Heart stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Infection
  • Allergic reaction to anesthesia
  • Bacterial endocarditis

What happens after ASD Surgery?

The patient usually spends 4-5 days in the hospital after the surgery, where he/she can be looked after by trained medical staff. Medical evaluations including echocardiogram  are conducted to confirm complete closure of the hole in the heart. The cardiologist will monitor the patient on a regular basis to ensure proper cardiac function in the patient and to make sure there are no signs of ASD recurrence. The doctor will prescribe pain medications and anticoagulants like acetylsalicylic acid to prevent blood clotting. The surgical wound will take 1 – 2 months to heal completely. Follow-up care may differ depending on the type of defect, presence of other defects, age and other factors. Children after ASD closure surgery require only occasional follow-ups while for adults more regular check-ups are required to keep a check on further complications such as hypertension or heart failure.

Note: If the patient opts for a dental treatment after ASD closure, then antibiotics should be administered for six months to prevent a specific type of heart infection known as infectious endocarditis.

Why choose India for ASD Closure Treatment and Surgery?

India is renowned all around the world for offering high quality and reliable cardiac treatment. Thousands of patients from overseas travel to India regularly for all kinds of heart related disorders, including congenital defects like ASD closure, VSD repair and many others.

A huge share of this popularity can be attributed to the fact that healthcare sector in India is highly updated with next-generation medical technology. The latest treatment facilities are available at the best ASD closure surgery hospitals in India at an extremely affordable cost and patients never think twice before approaching the country for medical care. Here is a list of the 10 best cardiology hospitals in India.

The surgery is conducted in the most careful manner in the country and therefore, the success rate and the rate of recovery is quite high. The high success rate of ASD closure in India can also be attributed to the experience and the skills of the best cardiologists in India.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What is the percutaneous closure device?

A percutaneous closure device is a specialized device used to treat patients with atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale (PFO). In a catheterization procedure, this device is attached to the end of a catheter which is inserted through a vein in the leg and released at the site of the defect to close the hole.

Q. Is a PFO the same as an ASD?

Atrial Septal Defect and Patent Foramen Ovale are both birth defects in the septal tissue present between the left and right atria of the heart. ASD is a heart defect that one is born with due to the failure of formation of septal tissue between the atria while PFO only occurs after birth when the foramen ovale, a flap-like valve, fails to close.

An ASD hole is larger than that of a PFO and therefore, more likely to present symptoms.

Q. How does an atrial septal defect occur?

Congenital heart defects occur due to failure or errors in the development of heart during the foetal stage. Certain factors like gene defects, chromosome abnormalities and alcohol and drugs uptake by the mother during pregnancy can increase the risk of ASD in the baby.

Q. Can a hole in the heart cause a stroke?

Heart defects like ASD and PFO can possibly lead to a stroke. This can happen because the blood clot or a solid particle in the blood can move from the right side of the heart to the left side through the abnormal opening in the septal wall and then travel to the brain, causing a stroke.

Q. Is ASD life threatening?

A small atrial septal defect may never cause any problems because it often closes during infancy. The larger defects can cause a number of complications ranging from mild to life-threatening, including right-sided heart failure and stroke.

Q. Can atrial septal defect be inherited from family?

Congenital heart defects appear to run in families and sometimes occur with other genetic problems, such as Down syndrome.

Vanshika Rawat

Written By Vanshika Rawat

Vanshika Rawat is an experienced content developer. She is well-versed and knowledgeable in topics of science and medicine, and has worked under brilliant scientist during her higher education. She has obtained her degrees in Masters and Bachelors in Science - Microbiology (with Hons. ) from renowned institutions - Panjab University and University of Delhi.
Dr. Surbhi Suden

Verified By Dr. Surbhi Suden

Dr. Surbhi Suden is one of the founders of Lyfboat and a doctor with a renowned name in the Medical tourism industry. She has been working with international patients since 2008 and is a deeply committed professional with a long term vision of transforming the current healthcare scenarios.

Best ASD Closure Surgery Hospitals in India

Patients from all can access cardiac treatment with complete ease in India because of the widespread network of cardiac hospitals in India. The best ASD closure hospitals in India are spread across all the major cities like Gurgaon, Delhi, Chennai, Bengaluru, Mumbai, Kochi, Hyderabad, Nagpur and Kolkata. These locations are well connected to other countries through direct flight with all major airlines of the world. These hospitals have tertiary and quaternary healthcare facilities with center of excellence for cardiac care. 

Thousands of national and international patients are treated at the top ASD closure surgery hospitals in India annually with successful results. These hospitals offer a variety of services for international patients with guarantee of high standards of quality. The best hospitals in India are accredited by the Joint Commission International (JCI) and National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH). These are the two leading organizations from the US and India, respectively, that award certification to hospitals for meeting certain criteria with respect to the quality of medical services and patient satisfaction scores. Apart from high-tech facilities and updated technology, these hospitals offer various treatment packages that makes cost of ASD surgery in India affordable to a majority of people.

Best ASD Closure Surgeons in India

The Top cardiologists in India are internationally renowned heart doctors with unparalleled skills and expertise in the field of cardiology. ASD closure is a complex heart surgery that must be performed only by an experienced cardiac surgeon. Every year, thousands of heart defect surgeries including ASD closure are performed in India with great success. All these procedures are conducted by highly trained and experienced cardiac surgeons who are well-versed in performing all kinds of ASD treatment procedures.

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