ASD Closure Treatment, Repair and Surgery India at Low Cost

What is an Atrial Septal Defect Repair?

Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the most common congenital disorders which affect the upper chamber of the heart. A baby suffering from ASD is born with an opening in the partition of the heart that separates the right atrium and the left atrium.

It is characterized by the presence of a hole in the interatrial septum present between the walls of the atria. This hold develops during the stages of fetal development. As a result of the hole between the septa, the nonfunctional fetal lungs are bypassed as the blood reaches directly from the right atrium to the left atrium.

By the time of birth, this hole between the septa gets closed naturally. If the septum is still defective at the time of birth, the oxygen-rich blood leaks from the right atrium and gets mixed with oxygen-less blood present in the left atrium. This may result in serious complications due to a drastic impact on the performance of the heart and lungs.

This condition is commonly called as a “hole in the heart” and is medically known as atrial septal defect (ASD).

If the ASD is small, it may get repaired on its own during childhood. But larger opening in the septa may cause serious complications and therefore, it must be closed surgically by an experienced cardiac surgeon. For a small ASD defect, cardiac catheterization is typically suggested as the primary treatment. But for a larger ASD defect, open heart surgery is considered as the best possible option.

What is the success rate of ASD Device closure in India?

The success rate of ASD closure in India is one of the highest in the world. This surgery is offered at all major multispecialty hospitals at an extremely affordable cost. When it comes to the cardiac procedures, the Indian hospitals are renowned globally for offering high quality of treatment and maintaining the safety of the patient. The country has a proven track record of performing successful ASD treatment across more than 50 internationally recognized hospitals.

ASD closure surgery is conducted in the most careful manner in India and therefore, the rate of recovery is quite high in the country. The huge success rate of ASD closure in the country can also be attributed to the experience and the skills of the best cardiologists in the country.


What are the types of Atrial Septal Defect?

The following are the five common types of ASD:

  • Ostium secundum atrial septal defect: It is the most common type of ASD which accounts for 6 to 10 percent of all congenital heart problems. This defect arises due to enlarged foramen ovale or abnormal growth of septum secundum.

  • Patent foramen ovale: A patent foramen ovale is the remnant part of the fetal foramen ovale that may cause specific defects such as stroke and migraine at a later stage of life.

  • Ostium primum atrial septal defect: A hole in ostium primum leads to this defect. This condition may give rise to Down’s syndrome.

  • Sinus venosus atrial septal defect: This defect is characterized by a deformity in the venous inflow.

  • Common or single atrium: This defect arises due to the failure of the development of atrial septal complex in which the atrial septum is either absent or rudimentary.

While ostium secundum atrial septal defect accounts for 65 to 70 percent of all ASDs, ostium primum atrial septal defect accounts for almost 15 to 20 percent of ASDs. Meanwhile, sinus venosus atrial septal defect accounts for less than 10 percent of ASDs.

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What are the Risks and Complications of ASD?

ASD, if left untreated or diagnosed later, may lead to serious complications. Some of the fatal cardiac events that may result because of ASD include the following:

  • Heart failure

  • Arrhythmias

  • Heart stroke

  • Pulmonary hypertension

What are the Symptoms of having Hole in the Heart?

Typically, children with ASD have a normal health and rarely experience any of the following symptoms. However, these symptoms may manifest themselves completely in adults.

  • Difficulty in breathing

  • Pneumonia on a frequent basis

  • Improper growth

  • Fatigue

  • Heart palpitations

Worried about the treatment Cost?

Lyfboat is a free to use platform; we do not charge any fees from patients. In fact, we negotiate the price that hospitals offer. In some cases we are able to reduce the cost by upto 20% of what Hospitals generally offer. We advise the best treatment from the top hospital/surgeon at best price.

How to diagnose ASD?

In the case of patients suffering from ASD, abnormal heart sounds and palpitations are typically the first symptoms diagnosed with the help of a stethoscope. To confirm ASD, the doctor may order a combination of the following tests:

  • Chest X-ray

  • Echocardiography

  • Electrocardiography

  • Doppler study of the heart

  • Coronary angiography

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of chest

What are the Treatment Options available for Atrial Septal Defect Repair in India?

Once ASD is confirmed in the patient, it can either managed through interventional catheterization or it can be treated surgically. The following are the most popular treatment options for ASD closure.

Heart Catheterization (Non-surgical intervention)

During this procedure, a catheter is placed into an artery or a vein in the patient’s groin region or neck. Next, the catheter is threaded through the artery or vein to reach the heart of the patient. Before threading the catheter into the blood vessel, the surgeon attaches it to a closure device that helps close the hole in the septum.

When the device reached the site of ASD repair, it is released from the catheter. As soon as it gets released, the device opens up and secures the hold tightly. The implant becomes a part of the heart muscle over a period of time and stays there permanently as surrounding muscles grow over it. The catheter is withdrawn from the body of the patient as soon as the device is placed as planned.

Complications Associated with Heart Catheterization

The following complications may arise during or after heart catheterization:

  • Device embolization and malpositioning
  • Postimplantation arrhythmias
  • Thrombus formation
  • Cardiac perforation
  • Device erosion
  • Residual shunts
  • Pericardial effusion
  • Transient ischemic attack

Open Heart Surgery (Surgical intervention)

If a surgical repair is necessary and the ASD cannot be managed through heart catheterization, then the cardiologist will choose the option to treat the condition with the help of open heart surgery.

During this procedure, the cardiac surgeon makes a cut on the chest. A heart-lung machine is attached to the patient to maintain a constant supply of oxygenated blood to the body as this surgery is performed on a non-beating heart.

The cardiac surgeon may close the hole with the help of sutures or a patch. Sooner or later, the cardiac tissues heal over the sutures or the patch. Within the first six months of the surgery, the hole gets completely covered by the heart tissues.

Complications Associated with Open Heart Surgery

Open heart surgery may result, although rarely, in the following complications:

  • Hematoma
  • Heart stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Infection
  • Allergic reaction to anesthesia
  • Bacterial endocarditis

ASD Closure Treatment Hospital in India

Patients can access cardiac treatment with complete ease in India because of the widespread network of cardiac hospitals and clinics. The best Indian ASD closure hospitals are located in almost all the major cities, which are connected to a majority of countries through a direct flight.

The ASD closure treatment hospital in India keep up with the international standards and update its infrastructure and the quality of other services offered from time to time. A majority of these hospitals are accredited by the Joint Commission International (JCI) and the National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH). These are the two leading organizations from the US and India, respectively, that award certification to hospitals for meeting certain criteria with respect to the quality of medical services and patient satisfaction scores.

Some of the best cities in India renowned for offering the best healthcare services pertaining to ASD closure treatment include New Delhi, Mumbai, Chandigarh, Chennai, Bangalore, Gurugram, and Pune. These cities house some of the best hospitals for ASD closure surgery in India.

Atrial septal defect hospitals in India

Global Hospital, Mumbai

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Medanta The Medicity

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Global Health City, Chennai

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Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon

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BLK Super Speciality Hospital

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Fortis Memorial Research Institute

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Aster Medcity

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Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

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Columbia Asia Yeshwantpur

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Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital

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Need help finding the right hospital?

If you are not sure about which hospital to choose, consult our team for free. We will recommend a quality hospital for you and even get you comparative quotations from providers across the globe.

What is Cost of ASD Closure Surgery and Treatment in India?

ASD closure cost varies from one hospital to the other. In addition, the selection of the city where the patient is interested to seek treatment also plays a big role. For example, ASD closure treatment cost in Delhi NCR could be a bit higher than Hyderabad and so on. But still, a medical tourist can save thousands of dollars if they choose to undergo ASD treatment in India, no matter what city they select. The average ASD closure surgery cost in India is five to six times less than what it costs in the developed countries, especially in the US and the UK. Moreover, patients from the underdeveloped countries, especially from the African subcontinent, prefer to choose India over other medical tourist destinations. The easy accessibility and the affordable ASD closure surgery cost are the two biggest reasons behind their decision.

The table given below highlights the difference in the estimated cost of ASD closure treatment in India and other countries:





ASD Treatment Cost

$3,500- $6,800



Factors Affecting Cost Of ASD Closure

Some of the factors that influence the ASD Closure Cost are:

  • Duration of hospital stay
  • Boarding and lodging
  • Food expenses
  • Doctor’s fees
  • The length of surgery
  • Post-operative complications

Why choose India for ASD Closure Treatment and Surgery?

India is renowned around the world for offering state-of-the-art cardiac treatment. Thousands of patients from the overseas travel to India for the treatment of different cardiac disorders and ASD closure is one of them.

A huge share of this popularity can be attributed to the fact that India keeps itself updated as per the changing medical technology. Since the latest treatment facilities are available at the best hospitals of ASD closure at an extremely affordable cost in India, patients never think twice before approaching the country for treatment.

The surgery is conducted in the most careful manner in the country and therefore, the success rate and the rate of recovery is quite high. The huge success rate of ASD closure can also be attributed to the experience and the skills of the best cardiologists in the country.

ASD Device Closure Surgeons in India

The Indian cardiac surgeons are renowned globally for offering high-quality of treatment services to patients from all over the world. They hold an unmatched experience and skills when compared to the surgeons across the globe. ASD closure surgery is a complex and a highly-sophisticated procedure that must only be performed only by an experienced ASD surgeon. Moreover, the surgeon should be equipped with the knowledge and skills required to use the techniques, tools, and equipment used to conduct surgery successfully. Every year, thousands of ASD closure surgeries are performed in India. All these procedures are conducted by the ASD closure surgeon in India, who possess the required skills, educational background, experience, and knowledge.

In addition, they strive to produce the highest success rates and this is one of the main reasons why India is known for its quality of cardiac treatment. Moreover, the best ASD closure surgeons in India attend dozens of conferences, workshops, and seminars around the year to keep themselves updated as per the shift in technology use. They continue to seek further education throughout their careers and this is the reason why they have a competitive edge over the other ASD surgeons from different parts of the world.

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What happens after ASD Surgery?

The wound after the surgery may take anywhere between one and two months to heal completely. At least one follow-up echocardiogram should be conducted within a few hours to confirm the closure of the ASD completely.

The cardiologist should monitor the patient on a regular basis to monitor the signs of ASD recurrence to ensure proper cardiac function in the patient.

The patient should be kept on acetyl salicylic acid for six months after the surgery to prevent blood clotting. If the patient opts for a dental treatment after ASD closure, then antibiotics should be administered for six months to prevent a specific type of heart infection known as infectious endocarditis.

Questions Regarding ASD Device Closure

Q: What is the percutaneous device closure?

A: Percutaneous closure is used to treat patients with atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale.

Q: Is a PFO the same as an ASD?

A: An ASD is a failure of the septal tissue to form between the atria. It is a congenital heart defect. An ASD hole is larger than that of a PFO. The larger the hole, the more likely there are to be symptoms. On the other hand, PFO can only occur after birth when the foramen ovale fails to close.

Q: How does an atrial septal defect occur?

A: Gene defects, chromosome abnormalities and environmental exposure can cause ASD problems to occur more often. Most atrial septal defects occur by no cause. Scientists are still searching for the causes of atrial septal defect.

Q: Can a hole in the heart cause a stroke?

A: PFO can cause a stroke in many cases.

Q: Is ASD life threatening?

A small atrial septal defect may never cause any problems because it often close during infancy. Larger defects can cause mild to life-threatening problems that can include right-sided heart failure.

Q: Is an ASD a congenital heart defect?

A: Yes, ASD is a congenital heart defect in which there is an abnormal opening in the dividing wall between the upper filling chambers of the heart.

Q: What is the most common atrial septal defect?

A: The ostium secundum is the most common type of ASD. It comprises about 6–10% of all congenital heart diseases.

Q: Can atrial septal defect be inherited from family?

A: Congenital heart defects appear to run in families and sometimes occur with other genetic problems, such as Down syndrome.

ASD Device Closure Video

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