What are the Treatment Options available in India for Colon Cancer Treatment?
Treatment of colon cancer basically depends on the extent of cancer, along with other factors which may worsen the condition of the patient.
Surgery is considered as the first line of treatment in the patients who do not have cancer spread to distant sites. Surgery involves the block removal of segment affected with colon cancer with adequate margins and surrounding tissues. One of the following procedures may be conducted as a part of the surgical intervention:
Removal of the polyp with the help of colonoscopy. This surgery is followed by biopsy and monitoring at regular intervals to keep a check on additional polyps.
Bowel diversion surgery
Bowel diversion surgery is performed if large intestine has been removed or it needs time to heal. This procedure allows the stool to leave the body safely.
This surgery is an appropriate treatment for colorectal cancer patients having multiple tumors. Tiny electrodes are used to kill cancer cells in this procedure.
Cryosurgery is less invasive surgery involving a small incision, which freezes and destroys the abnormal tissues.
This surgery is done to remove a part of the colon or whole of the colon.
Chemotherapy may be used additionally with surgery depending on the condition of the patient. Chemotherapy uses drugs to either kill the cancer cells or to stop the growth of the tumor. Two types of chemotherapies are given to the patients:
When the drug is taken through oral route or is injected into a vein or muscle so that it can reach throughout the body by entering the bloodstream.
When the drug is given directly into the cerebrospinal fluid, an organ, or a body cavity like abdomen.
This therapy is also advised to some patients by the oncologists. Radiation therapy can be given in the case of large tumors to shrink their size with the help of X-rays or other powerful radiations. Radiation therapy is also used after surgery to destroy any remaining cancer cells.
Targeted drug therapy
Targeted cancer therapy drugs works on the specific site of cancer. As this therapy works on specific sites, incidences of damage to the healthy body cells get minimized.