Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery in India

What is Cost of CABG in India?

“Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is the treatment option for patients with ischemia and multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD). The average cost of the minimally invasive CABG surgery in India starts from $4000.

Factors Affecting the Cost of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

CABG cost varies from one hospital to another in India. There are several factors that decide the final cost that the patients may have to incur when they decide to get treated in the Indian hospitals.

Some of the factors that dictate the CABG cost in India include the following:

  • Choice of hospital
  • The duration of stay at the hospital
  • Room charges
  • Surgeon’s fees
  • Anaesthesia cost
  • Cost of additional tests or procedures
  • Type of surgery conducted (minimally invasive/open surgery)
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What is Heart Bypass Surgery or CABG?

Coronary artery bypass grafting is also known as CABG or bypass surgery. It is a medical term that involves detouring of the narrowed area of the artery. This is done surgically to improve the flow of blood to heart muscles. The blood flow is restored with the help of a graft, which is usually taken from the primary vein in the leg. In certain cases, a blood vessel from another part of the body may also be used.

CABG procedure can be conducted as an open surgery, but minimally invasive coronary heart bypass technique has gained an immense popularity in the last few years. Depending on the medical needs of the patients, CABG surgery is sometimes combined with minimally invasive valve replacement. During this procedure, one or more narrowed, blocked or damaged valves are removed and replaced with a synthetic or a biological valve for improved blood flow within the walls of the heart.

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft

Who needs to undergo Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery in India?

People who suffer from coronary artery disease(CAD), which is extreme enough to produce a set of symptoms are recommended to undergo CABG in India. CAD results due to narrowing of the artery and the blood vessels that supply oxygenated blood to the muscles of the heart. The narrowing may result because of deposition of fatty material on the inside walls of the artery. This obstructs the flow of blood through the vessels, resulting in the decreased supply of nutrients to the heart tissues. The blood flow through the arteries may also decrease or stop abruptly because of a blockage, which is removed surgically.

What are the different types of Heart Bypass Surgery?

Depending on how many of your arteries are blocked, there are 4 types of CABG surgery:

Single bypass surgery – In this type of bypass surgery, only one artery is blocked.

Double bypass surgery – In this type of bypass surgery, two arteries are blocked.

Triple bypass surgery – In this type of bypass surgery, three arteries are blocked.

Quadruple bypass surgery – In this type of bypass surgery, four arteries are blocked.

What are the Treatment Options available for CABG Surgery in India?

There are two main types of CABG procedures and the main difference between them is in the use of a pump to sustain the cardiovascular system. The following are the two types of CABG surgery:

Open heart CABG surgery:

This type of surgery requires the use of an artificial heart-lung machine to make sure that the flow of blood is maintained in all the parts of the body during the surgery. The patient is put on heart-lung pump machine as the surgeons open the chest wall of the patient to perform the grafting procedure on the non-beating heart.

Minimally invasive CABG surgery

This type of surgery does not require an artificial heart-lung pumping machine as it is conducted on pumping heart. The surgeons make several small incisions around the heart and in the chest to enter small instruments used to perform the grafting procedure.

What are the causes of Coronary Artery Disease?

Some of the major causes of CAD include the following:

  • Hypertension
  • Smoking
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Diabetes
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Family history of CAD

How can Lyfboat assist you getting CABG Treatment and Surgery in India?

World's Most Trusted Medical Advisory & Discount Platform

Lyfboat makes it easy for you to get quality medical opinions and find the right healthcare providers in India for heart bypass surgery at best prices. It is a free to use platform; we do not charge any fees from patients. In fact, we negotiate the price that hospitals offer. In some cases, we are able to reduce the cost of the CABG treatment by up to 20% of what Hospitals generally offer.

Symptoms of Coronary Artery Diseases

Some of the symptoms of Coronary artery disease include the following:
  • Palpitations and chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
There are no early symptoms of a CAD. The aforementioned symptoms appear only when the disease has progressed and must be treated with the help of CABG. After the surgery, the CAD symptoms are greatly reduced or completely eliminated.

How is Coronary Artery Disease diagnosed?

Since the symptoms of CAD does not appear until the disease had reached an advanced stage, it is important to stay vigil and undergo routine tests if you know that you are at an increased risk of the CAD.

The doctor suggests a few tests once he or she figures out that you are at an increased risk of the coronary artery disease. Some of the common tests conducted for the diagnosis of CAD include the following:

  • X-ray of the chest
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG)
  • Exercise test to check for normal breathing
  • Blood tests to check for enzymes produced by damaged heart muscles
  • Cardiac catheterization for check for extent of damage to the coronary artery

Once cardiac catheterization confirms the damage to the coronary artery, CABG is recommended to correct the condition.

What are the Preparatory Steps for CABG in India?

There are certain preparatory steps that a patient is required to undergo the CABG surgery. The patient is informed about the procedure in advances and what to expect from it. He or she conducts a detailed discussion with the patient about the pros and cons of the surgery, what to expect after it and how to prepare for it.

The following are some of the steps that a patient is required to take:

  • Inform the doctor about any other medical condition that he or she may be suffering from
  • Undergo specific diagnostic tests ordered by the doctor before the procedure
  • Avoid eating at least 8 to 10 hours before the procedure
  • Inform the doctor about consumption of any blood thinning or other medications
  • Stop smoking as soon as you know about your treatment

How to recover from CABG surgery?

Recovery after single bypass, double bypass, triple bypass and quadruple bypass:

Recovery after CABG surgery takes time. The patient is required to stay in the hospital for at least a week after the procedure. They are advised to practice some deep breathing exercises to fasten up recovery. Coughing is also recommended, as it helps reduce the risk of pneumonia. Dietary intake of high-risk foods such as salty, fried and saturated fat-containing foods should be strictly avoided after the surgery. Foods that build up cholesterol in the blood must also be avoided.

Smoking should be completely stopped after the surgery and efforts should be taken to maintain weight. Patients may have to wait for at least six to eight weeks before returning back to sedentary work. Patients may feel weakness and fatigue immediately after the surgery. However, certain exercises must be performed to gain back strength of the muscles. They should immediately inform their doctor in case they experience any allergic reaction resulting in pain, swelling, and redness. In addition, medical guidance is warranted in the case of fever, chills and any kind of drainage from the site of the incision.

What are the risks of heart bypass surgery?

There are some possible complications of CABG surgery. Side effects of heart bypass surgery are following:

  • Blood loss
  • Heart attack
  • Fever
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Drainage from incision site
  • Atrial fibrillation or irregular heartbeat
  • Stroke or heart attack
  • Lung or chest infection
  • Chest pain
  • Memory loss

The risks associated with minimally invasive coronary artery heart surgery is less than open-heart coronary artery bypass.

What is the success rate of heart bypass surgery?

Heart bypass surgery survival rate:

The success rate of coronary artery bypass surgery is approximately 98%. The threat can be higher for patients with extreme harm to the coronary heart muscle and those with excessive blockage of the arteries. Most CABG operations are now performed on older patients. Mostly on those without other risk factors such as kidney problems or diabetes.

Best hospital for Heart Bypass Surgery in India

The heart is one of the most sensitive organs in the human body and all disorders associated with it, therefore, must be treated with immense care and responsibility. The best hospitals for CABG in India make sure that they handle each and every case of CAD patient carefully. In addition, these bypass surgery hospitals have the best medical experts who devise an individualized treatment approach to cater to the needs of different categories of patients.

The top Indian bypass surgery hospitals are equipped with the latest technology, machinery, and tools required to conduct all types of surgery, including open heart CABG, minimally invasive coronary heart bypass surgery and minimally invasive valve surgery. When it comes to the top CABG hospitals, all of the diagnostic tests required to be conducted before, during or after the procedure are conducted under the same roof in India. That is, there is no need for the patient and his or her family members to run from one healthcare facility to another to undergo a test or seek any other facility.

Best Heart Bypass Surgeons in India

CABG is a complex and a highly-sophisticated cardiac procedure that must only be performed only by an experienced heart surgeon. Moreover, the surgeon should have the knowledge and skills required to use the techniques, tools, and equipment used to conduct coronary artery bypass grafting surgery successfully. Indian heart bypass surgeon strives to produce the highest success rates and this is one of the main reasons why India is known for its quality of cardiac treatment. Moreover, the best CABG surgeons in India attend dozens of conferences, workshops, and seminars around the year to keep themselves updated as per the shift in technology use. They continue to seek further education throughout their careers and this is the reason why they have a competitive edge over the other CABG surgeons from different parts of the world.

List of some famous Indian heart bypass surgeons:

Dr. Naresh Trehan

50+ years of Experience

Dr. Naresh Trehan

50+ years of Experience

Dr. Ajay Kaul

36+ years of Experience

Dr. Ajay Kaul

36+ years of Experience

Dr. Anil Bhan

37+ years of Experience

Dr. Anil Bhan

37+ years of Experience

Dr. Manish Bansal

18+ years of Experience

Dr. Manish Bansal

18+ years of Experience

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about CABG Surgery in India

Q. What is Coronary bypass surgery?

Heart bypass or Coronary artery bypass is abbreviated CABG. It is a cardiac procedure that involves detouring of the narrowed area of the artery.

Q. What is triple bypass surgery? What is the triple bypass surgery recovery time?

When three heart arteries are replaced, the procedure is known as a triple bypass surgery. Recovery from heart bypass surgery can take 6 to 12 weeks. A person with a triple or a higher bypass is typically considered a high-risk patient.

Q. What is the rate of survival after triple heart surgery?

A patient could get a prolonged life of up to 5-8 years after the surgery.

Q. What are the triple bypass surgery side effects and risks?

  • Risk of bleeding from site of attached graft and other sources
  • Heart rhythm problems
  • Blood clots
  • Kidney failure
  • Reactions to anesthesia
  • Infection at the incision site where the chest was opened for surgery.
  • Death

Q. How long does triple bypass surgery take?

The triple coronary artery bypass surgery takes three to six hours.

Q. What diet should one follow after heart bypass surgery?

Dietary intake of high-risk foods such as salty, fried and saturated fat-containing foods should be strictly avoided after CABG. Foods that build up cholesterol in the blood must also be avoided.

Q. What are the differences between bypass and open heart surgery?

A Heart bypass surgery or CABG is done when the flow of blood through the arteries is impaired. An open heart surgery may or may not include an opening up of the heart. It may involve surgeries on the arteries of the heart, the muscles of the heart or the valves. A bypass surgery is just a type of open-heart surgery. There may be others like coronary angioplasty, heart transplants etc. Heart bypass surgery may not be performed in an open heart manner.

Q. How much does bypass heart surgery cost?

On an average, heart bypass costs around $120,000 in US. While in India it costs around $5500 to $11000 depending on surgery method and other factors.

Q. Is heart bypass surgery dangerous?

Risk of developing complications is generally low. It depends on patients’ health before surgery. The risk of complications is higher if the operation is done as an emergency. If the patient has other medical conditions, kidney disease, diabetes or blocked arteries in legs (peripheral artery disease, or PAD) there is higher risk.

Q. Which is better – heart bypass or stent?

Studies have shown patients with multiple narrowed arteries have better outcomes with heart bypass surgery than with stent.

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