Heart Bypass Surgery Cost in India

What is Cost of Heart Bypass Surgery (CABG Surgery) in India?

A heart bypass surgery or Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in India costs starts from USD 4,000 (INR 328,000). Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is the treatment option for patients with ischemia and multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD).

Factors Affecting the Cost of Heart Bypass Surgery in India

CABG cost varies from one hospital to another in India. There are several factors that decide the final cost that the patients may have to incur when they decide to get treated in the Indian hospitals.

Some of the factors that dictate the CABG cost in India include the following:

  • Choice of hospital
  • The duration of stay at the hospital
  • Room charges
  • Surgeon’s fees
  • Anaesthesia cost
  • Cost of additional tests or procedures
  • Type of surgery conducted (minimally invasive/open surgery)

The cost of a heart bypass surgery in different countries is summarized in the table below:

Cost (USD)$4,000$12,100$27,000$13,900$17,200$15,000$1,23,000

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What is Heart Bypass Surgery or CABG?

Coronary artery bypass grafting is also known as CABG or bypass surgery. It is a medical term that involves detouring of the narrowed area of the artery. This is done surgically to improve the flow of blood to heart muscles. The blood flow is restored with the help of a graft, which is usually taken from the primary vein in the leg. In certain cases, a blood vessel from another part of the body may also be used.

CABG procedure can be conducted as an open surgery, but minimally invasive coronary heart bypass technique has gained an immense popularity in the last few years.

Depending on the medical needs of the patients, CABG surgery is sometimes combined with minimally invasive valve replacement. During this procedure, one or more narrowed, blocked or damaged valves are removed and replaced with a synthetic or a biological valve for improved blood flow within the walls of the heart.

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft

Who needs to undergo CABG Surgery in India?

People who suffer from coronary artery disease (CAD), which is extreme enough to produce a set of symptoms are recommended to undergo CABG in India. CAD results due to narrowing of the artery and the blood vessels that supply oxygenated blood to the muscles of the heart. The narrowing may result because of deposition of fatty material on the inside walls of the artery.

This obstructs the flow of blood through the vessels, resulting in the decreased supply of nutrients to the heart tissues. The blood flow through the arteries may also decrease or stop abruptly because of a blockage, which is removed surgically.

What are the different types of Heart Bypass Surgery?

Depending on how many of your arteries are blocked, there are 4 types of CABG surgery:

Single bypass surgery – In this type of bypass surgery, only one artery is blocked.

Double bypass surgery – In this type of bypass surgery, two arteries are blocked.

Triple bypass surgery – In this type of bypass surgery, three arteries are blocked.

Quadruple bypass surgery – In this type of bypass surgery, four arteries are blocked.

What are the Treatment Options available for CABG Surgery in India?

There are two main types of CABG procedures and the main difference between them is in the use of a pump to sustain the cardiovascular system. The following are the two types of CABG surgery:

Open heart CABG surgery:

This type of surgery requires the use of an artificial heart-lung machine to make sure that the flow of blood is maintained in all the parts of the body during the surgery. The patient is put on heart-lung pump machine as the surgeons open the chest wall of the patient to perform the grafting procedure on the non-beating heart.

Minimally invasive CABG surgery

This type of surgery does not require an artificial heart-lung pumping machine as it is conducted on pumping heart. The surgeons make several small incisions around the heart and in the chest to enter small instruments used to perform the grafting procedure.

What are the causes of Coronary Artery Disease?

Some of the major causes of CAD include the following:
  • Hypertension
  • Smoking
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Diabetes
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Family history of CAD

How can Lyfboat assist you getting CABG Treatment and Surgery in India?

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Lyfboat makes it easy for you to get quality medical opinions and find the right healthcare providers in India for heart bypass surgery at best prices. It is a free to use platform; we do not charge any fees from patients. In fact, we negotiate the price that hospitals offer. In some cases, we are able to reduce the cost of the CABG treatment by up to 20% of what Hospitals generally offer.

Symptoms of Coronary Artery Diseases

Some of the symptoms of Coronary artery disease include the following:

  • Palpitations and chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
There are no early symptoms of a CAD. The aforementioned symptoms appear only when the disease has progressed and must be treated with the help of CABG. After the surgery, the CAD symptoms are greatly reduced or completely eliminated.

How is Coronary Artery Disease diagnosed?

Since the symptoms of CAD does not appear until the disease had reached an advanced stage, it is important to stay vigil and undergo routine tests if you know that you are at an increased risk of the CAD.

The cardiologist suggests a few tests once he or she figures out that you are at an increased risk of the coronary artery disease. Some of the common tests conducted for the diagnosis of CAD include the following:

  • X-ray of the chest
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG)
  • Exercise test to check for normal breathing
  • Blood tests to check for enzymes produced by damaged heart muscles
  • Cardiac catheterization for check for extent of damage to the coronary artery

Once cardiac catheterization confirms the damage to the coronary artery, CABG is recommended to correct the condition.

What are the Preparatory Steps for CABG in India?

There are certain preparatory steps that a patient is required to undergo the CABG surgery. The patient is informed about the procedure in advances and what to expect from it.

He or she conducts a detailed discussion with the patient about the pros and cons of the surgery, what to expect after it and how to prepare for it.

The following are some of the steps that a patient is required to take:

  • Inform the doctor about any other medical condition that he or she may be suffering from
  • Undergo specific diagnostic tests ordered by the doctor before the procedure
  • Avoid eating at least 8 to 10 hours before the procedure
  • Inform the doctor about consumption of any blood thinning or other medications
  • Stop smoking as soon as you know about your treatment

How to recover from CABG surgery?

Recovery after single bypass, double bypass, triple bypass and quadruple bypass:

Recovery after CABG surgery takes time. The patient is required to stay in the hospital for at least a week after the procedure. They are advised to practice some deep breathing exercises to fasten up recovery. Coughing is also recommended, as it helps reduce the risk of pneumonia. Dietary intake of high-risk foods such as salty, fried and saturated fat-containing foods should be strictly avoided after the surgery. Foods that build up cholesterol in the blood must also be avoided.

Smoking should be completely stopped after the surgery and efforts should be taken to maintain weight. Patients may have to wait for at least six to eight weeks before returning back to sedentary work. Patients may feel weakness and fatigue immediately after the surgery.

However, certain exercises must be performed to gain back strength of the muscles. They should immediately inform their doctor in case they experience any allergic reaction resulting in pain, swelling, and redness. In addition, medical guidance is warranted in the case of fever, chills and any kind of drainage from the site of the incision.

What are the risks of heart bypass surgery?

There are some possible complications of CABG surgery. Side effects of heart bypass surgery are following:

  • Blood loss
  • Heart attack
  • Fever
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Drainage from incision site
  • Atrial fibrillation or irregular heartbeat
  • Stroke or heart attack
  • Lung or chest infection
  • Chest pain
  • Memory loss

The risks associated with minimally invasive coronary artery heart surgery is less than open-heart coronary artery bypass.

What is the success rate of CABG surgery in India?

Heart bypass surgery success rate in india:

The success rate of CABG surgery is approximately 98%. The threat can be higher for patients with extreme harm to the coronary heart muscle and those with excessive blockage of the arteries. Most CABG operations are now performed on older patients. Mostly on those without other risk factors such as kidney problems or diabetes.

Frequently Asked Questions About CABG

The heart condition that led to the blockage, such as atherosclerosis or coronary artery disease, is not treated by coronary artery bypass surgery. However, it can lessen signs like shortness of breath and chest pain. The procedure, referred to as CABG, may lower the chance of mortality from cardiac disease.

It takes 4 to 6 weeks after surgery to fully recover and begin feeling better. It’s typical to:

  • Experiencing discomfort around your incision in the chest.
  • Lack of appetite for two to four weeks.
  • Experience mood swings and depression.
  • Have swelling in the leg where the vein graft was removed and experience itchiness, numbness, or tingling for at least six months around the incisions on your chest and leg.
  • Having difficulties sleeping at night and being constipated after taking painkillers.
  • Experience short-term memory issues or confusion (being “fuzzy-headed”).
  • Being exhausted or lacking energy.
  • Feel a little breathless. Having lung issues could make this worse. Some individuals might need oxygen when they get home, some patients may need to utilize oxygen.
  • You will experience arm weakness during the first month.
  • For at least the first one to two weeks following surgery, one should have someone stay with you in your home.
  • Learn how to take your pulse and do it regularly.
  • Practice the breathing techniques you learned in the hospital for four to six weeks.
  • Every day after taking a shower, carefully wash the incision with soap and water. Until the incision is fully healed, DON’T SWIM, SOAK IN A HOT TUB, OR TAKE BATHS. Eat heart-healthy foods.
  • Speak to friends and loved ones if it feels depressive. Inquire with the doctor or other medical professional about seeking counseling.
  • Maintain taking all prescribed medications for the heart, diabetes, high blood pressure, or other medical concerns.
  • Do not stop taking any medications without consulting a doctor. Continue taking all prescribed medications for heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, or other medical concerns.
  • Without first seeing the practitioner, never stop taking any medications.
  • Keep the artery graft open, your doctor could advise antiplatelet (blood-thinning) medications like aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), prasugrel (Effient), or ticagrelor (Brilinta).
  • One might need further blood tests in case a blood thinner is used like warfarin (Coumadin) to ensure that the dose is right.
  • Understand how to react to angina symptoms.
According to studies, cardiac rehabilitation reduces your risk of dying by roughly 35% in the five years following a heart attack or bypass surgery.

It suggests one should take some extra precautions.

Maintain control over the blood pressure. Get a blood pressure cuff for the home and check it frequently.

  • Control cholesterol.
  • Reduce blood sugar.
  • Move around more.
  • Enhance your diet.
  • Reduce weight.
  • Give up smoking.

A significant method to lessen or perhaps get rid of some heart disease risk factors is by eating healthy. A heart-healthy diet can reduce blood pressure, blood sugar, and total and LDL (“bad”) cholesterol as well as help you lose weight.

Try the following advice:

  • Eat more whole grains, legumes, fruits, and vegetables.
  • Avoid eating trans fats in your diet.
  • Replace dietary saturated fat with unsaturated fat.
  • Consume lean proteins like chicken, fish, and soy. Avoid red meat because it often contains a lot of fat and cholesterol.
  • Limit simple carbohydrates like ordinary soda, sugar, and sweets and consume complex carbohydrates like whole-grain bread, rice, and pasta.
  • Cut back on the salt.
  • Regularly moving around.
High cholesterol can result in atherosclerosis, a deadly buildup of cholesterol and other deposits on the walls of the arteries. Chest pain is one issue that can result from these deposits (plaques), which can lessen blood flow through the arteries.

Smoking, leading a sedentary lifestyle with little movement, eating a diet heavy in processed foods and foods high in saturated fats and sodium, living a sedentary lifestyle, and improperly treating other health concerns, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, all increase the chance of plaque accumulating over time.

One should adopt heart-healthy lifestyle choices going ahead to prevent plaque formation in the arteries of the heart.

If one has diabetes, is experiencing insulin resistance, or has high blood sugar levels, one is more likely to experience a second heart attack. The inflammation and damage to the coronary arteries can be reduced by lowering blood sugar levels. It can stop these blood vessels from being scarred or narrowed.

Smoking’s toxic chemicals can harm the blood vessels and heart. Additionally, it leads to the buildup of plaque in the blood vessels.
Among other things, the nicotine in smoke causes:

  • Less oxygen to the heart
  • Higher blood pressure and heart rate
  • More blood clotting
  • Damage to cells that line coronary arteries and other blood vessels.

Once the initial stage of rehabilitation is completed, focus on the fundamentals of healthy living:

  • Eat a heart-healthy diet.
  • Exercise and strengthen the body.
  • Take medications as directed.
  • Prioritize rest and sleep around 7-9 hours at least.
  • Carefully manage all health conditions.
  • Keep an eye on your mental health guarding away depression and anxiety.

Best hospital for Heart Bypass Surgery in India

The heart is one of the most sensitive organs in the human body and all disorders associated with it, therefore, must be treated with immense care and responsibility. The best hospitals for CABG in India make sure that they handle each and every case of CAD patient carefully. In addition, these bypass surgery hospitals have the best medical experts who devise an individualized treatment approach to cater to the needs of different categories of patients.

The top heart hospitals in India are equipped with the latest technology, machinery, and tools required to conduct all types of surgery, including open heart CABG, minimally invasive coronary heart bypass surgery and minimally invasive valve surgery. All of the diagnostic tests required to be conducted before, during or after the procedure are conducted under the same roof. That is, there is no need for the patient and his or her family members to run from one healthcare facility to another to undergo a test or seek any other facility.

Best Heart Bypass Surgeons in India

CABG is a complex and a highly-sophisticated cardiac procedure that must only be performed only by an experienced heart surgeon. Moreover, the surgeon should have the knowledge and skills required to use the techniques, tools, and equipment used to conduct coronary artery bypass grafting surgery successfully.

Indian heart bypass surgeon strives to produce the highest success rates and this is one of the main reasons why India is known for its quality of cardiac treatment. Moreover, the best cardiologists in India attend dozens of conferences, workshops, and seminars around the year to keep themselves updated as per the shift in technology use.

They continue to seek further education throughout their careers and this is the reason why they have a competitive edge over the other cardiology surgeons from different parts of the world.

List of some famous Indian heart bypass surgeons:

Dr. Naresh Trehan

50+ years of Experience

Dr. Naresh Trehan

50+ years of Experience

Dr. Ajay Kaul

36+ years of Experience

Dr. Ajay Kaul

36+ years of Experience

Dr. Anil Bhan

37+ years of Experience

Dr. Anil Bhan

37+ years of Experience

Dr. Manish Bansal

18+ years of Experience

Dr. Manish Bansal

18+ years of Experience

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Vanshika Rawat

Written By Vanshika Rawat

Vanshika Rawat is an experienced content developer. She is very knowledgeable in the field of science and healthcare and has worked under brilliant scientists during her higher education. Vanshika obtained her degrees in Masters in Science and Bachelors in Science (Microbiology with Hons.) from renowned institutions - Panjab University and University of Delhi.
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Dr. Surbhi Suden is one of the founders of Lyfboat and a doctor with a renowned name in the Medical tourism industry. She has been working with international patients since 2008 and is a deeply committed professional with a long term vision of transforming the current healthcare scenarios.
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