During the surgery, the surgeon makes a cut in the chest of the patient to expose the heart. The surgery in conducted on non-beating heart, therefore, the patient is put on an artificial heart-lung bypass machine, which takes over the function of the normal heart.
The surgeon located the VSD on the patient’s heart and closes it with the help of stitches or a special patch. In case a patch is used, it is placed over the VSD and secured in its place with the help of stitches.
The heart is made to function again as soon as the VSD is closed. The heart-lung machine is detached from the patient and the incision of the skin is closed.