Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) Closure Surgery Cost in India

Last Modified: September 27, 2019  |   Created on: July 19, 2018
Heart
The average cost of VSD closure surgery in India is around $4500.
  • Cost: The average cost of Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) closure surgery in India starts from $4500. This is less than 25 percent of what it costs in the US as the average price of VSD closure surgery in the US is estimated to be above $20,000.
  • VSD Types: Perimembranous and Muscular
  • Diagnostics Test: Chest X-ray, Electrocardiogram (EKG), Echocardiography Cardiac catheterization, is also performed in rare cases to determine exact amount of blood flow to the lungs.

India is one of the leading nations in South-East Asia and is as competitive as another popular healthcare hub, Thailand when it comes to providing high-quality medical treatment at cheap prices. The cost not only includes the price of medical treatment, but it also includes several other facilities for free, including great infrastructure, money exchange services and 24×7 helpline and translators.

The highly affordable cost of VSD closure surgery is what keeps India at the top of the list of the country to come for treatment. Hundreds of patients travel to India for this surgery because of the low cost and high quality of medical services.

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What is VSD (Ventricular Septal Defect) ?

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is caused when the wall separating the two lower chambers of the heart does not close at the time of birth. This creates a hole in the heart which interrupts the blood flow between the heart and the lungs. It leads to lower oxygen content in the body which could be lethal in rare cases if not treated on time. VSD is a common heart defect and is found in 30-60% of newborns.

What are the types of VSD?

There are just two types of VSD – perimembranous and muscular. The former accounts for more than 75 percent of the cases and is characterised by an opening in the septa near the valves. The latter, on the other hand, is characterised by an opening in the lower septum.

What are the symptoms of VSD?

The symptoms of VSD may differ from one patient to another. However, the most common symptoms observed in patients with VSD include the following:

  • Sweating
  • Breathing difficulties such as rapid, congested or heavy breathing
  • Fatigue
  • No interest in getting feed
  • No or extremely slow weight gain

The symptoms of VSD are easy to confuse with other types of heart problems. This is the reason why it is important to consult a good cardiologist who will then diagnose the condition and devise an appropriate treatment plan.

How is VSD diagnosed?

Since the symptoms of CAD does not appear until the disease had reached an advanced stage, it is important to stay vigil and undergo routine tests if you know that you are at an increased risk of the CAD.

The doctor suggests a few tests once he or she figures out that you are at an increased risk of the coronary artery disease. Some of the common tests conducted for the diagnosis of CAD include the following:

  • X-ray of the chest
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG)
  • Echocardiography
  • Cardiac catheterization, is also performed in rare cases to determine exact amount of blood flow to the lungs.

How can Lyfboat assist you getting VSD Closure Surgery in India?

World's Most Trusted Medical Advisory & Discount Platform

Lyfboat is a free advisory platform; we do not charge any fees from patients. In fact, we negotiate the price that Indian hospitals offer for VSD Closure. In some cases we are able to reduce the cost of VSD Closure by negotiating by upto 20% of what Hospitals generally offer. We advise the best treatment from the top hospital/surgeon at best price.

Preparation Before VSD Surgery in India

There are certain medications such as aspirin and other blood-thinning medications that a patient must stop days before undergoing VSD closure surgery in India. A doctor is the best person to advise as to when to stop these medications so that the risks associated with the surgery are minimised.

Prior to the surgery, the patient is made to undergo certain physical and diagnostic tests, including an electrocardiogram (EKG) and a chest x-ray. The patient is admitted to the hospital at least a night before the actual day of surgery and is made not to eat nothing. Only fluids are allowed, that too upon receiving specific instructions from the surgeon or person in charge.

The patient is administered general anaesthesia sometime before the surgery by an experienced anesthesiologist. This is done to make sure that the patient remains unconscious and does not experience any kind of pain during the procedure.

What happens during VSD closure surgery?

During the surgery, the surgeon makes a cut in the chest of the patient to expose the heart. The surgery in conducted on non-beating heart, therefore, the patient is put on an artificial heart-lung bypass machine, which takes over the function of the normal heart.

The surgeon located the VSD on the patient’s heart and closes it with the help of stitches or a special patch. In case a patch is used, it is placed over the VSD and secured in its place with the help of stitches.

The heart is made to function again as soon as the VSD is closed. The heart-lung machine is detached from the patient and the incision of the skin is closed.

How to Recover After VSD Surgery?

The patient is sent to the recovery unit or placed in intensive care unit (ICU) as soon as the procedure is complete. The total number of days that the patient is made to stay in the hospital depends on may factors. For example, it depends on the type of defect, the extent of the defect, complications during surgery and the overall recovery rate of the patient.

Typically, a patient is made to stay in the hospital for at least 7 to 10 days after the surgery. Following the discharge of the patient, regular check up with the doctor is planned. Those who experience any complications or another defect is diagnosed, another visit is planned with the specialist.

Why people prefer VSD Treatment in India?

VSD closure surgery in India is performed at all major cardiac and other multi-speciality hospitals in the country. This is a major surgery, which is performed after administering general anaesthesia to the patient. Therefore, the surgery must be conducted at a reputed hospital and only under the guidance of a highly experienced cardiac surgeon.

India is one of the most preferred destination for VSD closure surgery. Low cost of medical treatment and high quality of medical services at some of the most reputed hospitals in the world are the two main reasons why India has emerged as the top destination for cardiac surgery.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about VSD Closure Surgery

Q. What can cause Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)? Does it only occur in children?
Mostly, VSD occurs as a congenital heart problem – i.e. a defect from birth. The ventricular septal defect develops at the foetal stage when the muscular wall (septum) between the left and right sides of the heart is not properly formed. This incomplete development of the heart in the baby leaves a hole in the septum between the two ventricle chambers of the heart. But, in some rare cases, VSD can also develop later in life, typically after a trauma to the chest, heart attack or as a complication after certain cardiac procedures.

Q. What are the types of VSDs?
There are 4 types of VSD:

  • Membranous VSD: The opening is in the upper ventricular septum, near the aortic and tricuspid valves. This does not close naturally and surgery is often needed.
  • Muscular VSD: Opening is in the muscular portion of the lower ventricular septum and may close on its own. Surgery might not be needed.
  • Atrioventricular canal type VSD: The Ventricular septal defect is near the tricuspid and mitral valves. It usually requires surgical intervention for repair.
  • Conal septal VSD: It is the rarest type of VSD and is located just below the pulmonary valve.

Q. What type of Ventricular Septal Defect repair surgery are available in India?
These are the procedures for VSD treatment in India:

  • Surgical Repair: This procedure involves an open heart surgery which is conducted under general anaesthesia. An incision is made in the chest by the surgeon and then stitches or a patch is used to close the VSD hole.
  • Catheter Procedure: During catheterization procedure, the surgeon inserts a thin tube into the blood vessel through the groin and guides it to the heart. A mesh device is used to close the VSD opening and the procedure does not involve opening the chest.
  • Hybrid Procedure: This approach is the combination of both surgical & catheter procedure. The surgeon makes a small incision to access the heart and a heart-lung machine is used during the procedure to support the patient. The surgeon puts in a catheter tube through the small incision and the VSD is closed using a mesh device. Certain medications are also given to manage the symptoms and prevent related complications.

Q. Who performs VSD surgery?
Paediatric cardiologists are the specialists who deal with the treatment of heart related problems in the growing and developing individuals.

Q. Who needs VSD closure surgery?
Surgery for treatment of Ventricular septal defect is recommended when the VSD is:

  • Large in size
  • Causing symptoms and complications
  • Affecting the functioning of heart and lungs
  • Causing growth related problems (stunted growth) in the child

Q. What is the right time to go for VSD closure surgery?
The VSD repair surgery has been reported to be more successful when done at an early age, typically when the child is between one and three years of age. In the conditions where surgery is required, such as when the hole is of large size or affecting the heart and lungs, it is usually suggested to get it done in the first year of a child’s life.

Q. Can Ventricular septal defect be life threatening?
When the VSD defects is large in size, the oxygenated blood gets pumped back to the lungs causing the heart to work harder and building excessive pressure on the lungs. This can lead to several problems – ranging from mild to potentially lethal. The complications that can arise include cardiac failure, pulmonary hypertension (excessive pressure on lung arteries), endocarditis (heart infection), and heart valve related problems. Therefore, the defect must be treated on time to prevent such life threatening complications.

Q. Can VSD close by itself without the surgery?
A small VSD (diameter equal to or less than 3 mm) can close on its own naturally and it might not need any treatment. However, in the cases where the VSD is of medium (3-6 mm) or larger (greater than 6 mm) size, surgical interventions or medical management is required to repair the defect. It is also important to understand that medicines cannot reduce the VSD size or make it close any faster than it might do naturally, but they can help manage the symptoms and complications.

Best Hospitals for VSD Treatment in India

The best cardiology hospitals in India comprise some of the top-notch healthcare facilities that are renowned for their quality of medical services across the globe. Some of the big names include Apollo Hospital, Max Healthcare, Wockhardt, Fortis Healthcare and Artemis. Medical treatment and surgery at the best hospitals for VSD closure in India is only conducted by a highly experienced surgeon, with support from the paramedical and supporting staff. The surgeons that are a part of such hospitals are specially trained in this field and are educated from some of the best healthcare institutions and medical colleges in the world.

Best VSD Treatment Doctors in India

VSD Closure treatment is offered at the most reasonable rates in India. An extremely high standard of the patient care is provided under the guidance of some of the best VSD Closure surgeons. VSD closure surgery in India is performed at all major cardiac and other multi speciality hospitals in the country. This is a major surgery, which is performed after administering general anaesthesia to the patient. Therefore, the surgery must be conducted at a reputed hospital and only under the guidance of a highly experienced cardiac surgeon.

VSD Closure Surgery Videos

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Vanshika Rawat

Written By Vanshika Rawat

Vanshika Rawat is an experienced content developer. She is well-versed and knowledgeable in topics of science and medicine, and has worked under brilliant scientist during her higher education. She has obtained her degrees in Masters and Bachelors in Science - Microbiology (with Hons. ) from renowned institutions - Panjab University and University of Delhi.
Dr. Surbhi Suden

Verified By Dr. Surbhi Suden

Dr. Surbhi Suden is one of the founders of Lyfboat and a doctor with a renowned name in the Medical tourism industry. She has been working with international patients since 2008 and is a deeply committed professional with a long term vision of transforming the current healthcare scenarios.

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