Frequently asked Questions (FAQs) about Liver Transplant in India
What is the eligibility criteria for liver donation?
The living donor must be
- Officially 18-55 years old
- Weighing 50-85 kg – should not be overweight or obese as they may have fatty livers
- A Healthy family person willing to donate
- Have blood group compatible with the patient
- No medical conditions like liver disease, heart disease, diabetes or cancer
What are the screening tests for prospective living donor?
A series of screening tests will be conducted before clearing a potential candidate for liver donation. The medical evaluation is necessary to ensure that there are no underlying medical conditions that would cause complications during the surgery or recovery.
- Blood tests and serology tests including CBC, PT, LFTs, Serum creatinine, HBsAg, HCV antibody, HIV I and II.
- Chest X ray
- ECG – to check cardiovascular activity
- Ultrasound of the abdomen – to check the size of the portion of the liver that can be safely donated.
The final approval is given by the surgeon after detailed analysis.
What are the conditions which can prevent you from receiving liver transplant?
People with additional medical conditions might not be suitable candidate for a liver transplantation. Some of the conditions that can be contra-indications for liver transplantation are:
- Severe pulmonary hypertension
- Metastatic cancer that has already spread outside of the liver
- Systemic infection
- Active or unacceptable risk of substance abuse – drugs and/or alcohol
- History of non-compliance – the patient doesn’t stick to a strict medical regimen
- A severe or uncontrolled psychiatric disease
What is transplant rejection?
Your body’s immune system may recognize the transplanted liver as foreign and launch a series of responses against it. This can cause damage to the transplanted liver. This is known as rejection and it can happen in spite of close matching of the donated organ and the transplant patient. Recipient are given immuno-suppresive or anti-rejection medications to prevent the immune system’s reaction to the new organ.
Will I need to take anti-rejection medications all my life after liver transplant surgery?
Normally, yes. But the amount of anti-rejection medication that you have to take decreases after a few months from the surgery. However, some immuno-suppressive medicines are necessary for a long time and must be taken regularly and strictly as per the prescription without failure.
Will be able to go back to my daily activities after liver transplant?
Yes, most definitely. After a successful liver transplant and complete recovery, you can resume your work and begin with physical activity. For some people, getting their full strength might take time, depending on the severity of the disease. Your doctor will guide you through the recovery and help you regain strength. Most people can return to work, take normal diet, resume sexual activity after recovery.