There are three types of liver transplant surgeries. These include the following:
Reduced-sized Liver Transplant
This type of surgery is usually performed in the case of child patients. In this, 15 to 20 percent of the original liver stays intact. It involves transplantation of a part of the healthy donor’s liver into the recipient.
The donor’s liver is extracted, preserved and transported in this transplant. Then it is replaced in the recipient’s body. The time starting from taking the healthy liver from the donor’s body and placing it in the recipient’s body should be within 12 to 18 hours. Once the damaged liver from the patient’s body is disconnected from the blood vessels and other abdomen structures holding it, the donor’s liver is placed and blood flow is restored. A small tube is fitted for connection to the bile duct.
This type of surgery is performed to place the healthy donor’s liver on one side, while the diseased liver stays intact. It is performed when the doctor is of the opinion that the diseased liver will recover at some point. So, the donor’s liver is placed very close to the recipient’s diseased liver. If the original liver recovers, the other liver shrivels away, but when the original one fails, it shrivels and the donor’s liver resumes function.