Spinal Fusion Surgery in India
Spinal fusion problems are widely treated in India. In the past one decade, patients from foreign lands have been looking forward to treatment options in India because of competitive infrastructure and lower cost of spinal fusion surgery as compared to the UK and the US hospitals, among others.
The best Indian spinal surgeons are highly skilled and adequately trained from the top hospitals and medical colleges abroad, especially from the medically advanced countries. In addition, they have comprehensive experience in handling complicated cases related to spine injury and spinal fusion surgery conducted to provide relief from spine pain.
The other names of spinal fusion are spondylosyndesis and spondylodesis, which is a medical condition described by excruciating pain or pressure in the spinal cord that is treated by joining or fusing two or more vertebrae. Also known as orthopaedic or neurosurgical technique, spinal fusion is performed at several levels of the spine that include lumbar or thoracic and cervical.
The cartilage present in between two discs in the spinal cord wears out due to ageing, extreme physical activity and others. Bone grafting, a special spinal fusion technique, is used from the donor (allograft), patient (autograft) or artificial bone substitutes.
It should, however, be remembered that the cost of spinal fusion treatment varies depending upon the type of surgery, complications of spinal fusion surgery, the type of medical institution and the overall health condition of the patient.
The best hospitals for spinal fusion surgery in India are equipped with all the modern facilities, technology and tools required to conduct the procedure successfully. In addition, the hospitals have modular operation theatres and intensive care units (ICUs) and emergency services that help deliver quality medical care to patients around the clock.
Spinal fusion treatment in India involves a series of medical and surgical tests that are conducted along with a review of the patient’s medical history prior to the procedure. The patients are typically required to stay in the hospital for at least five to seven days for recovery after spinal fusion surgery.
Spinal Fusion Treatment Hospitals in India
Understanding the needs and demands of the patients from abroad, India has developed a large network of comprehensively-equipped corporate hospitals in the strategic cities that are well-connected through all forms of transport, be it air or land. The best spinal fusion treatment hospitals in India are equipped with state-of-the-art technologies and advanced equipment that are available in any other advanced hospital in the world.
Each super deluxe room in the spinal fusion treatment hospitals in India is specially designed just like any five-star hotel room to ensure maximum comfort for the patients from abroad. In addition, dedicated medical services and nursing services are offered to the patient coming from abroad to spinal fusion treatment in India.
To break down language barriers, the best spinal surgeons in India, specialists and all other medical and supporting staff speak English fluently and proficiently. The sense of hospitality and professionalism available at the best spinal fusion treatment hospitals in India is impeccable and unparalleled.
The country boasts of highly qualified and accredited spinal surgeons from the most renowned universities in the US and the UK, among other countries. Since India has a large population, these surgeons are used to and specially trained in conducting a large number of surgeries in a day.
Rest assured, spine surgery in India is available in top-notch hospitals across cities such as Mumbai, Hyderabad, Delhi, Gurgaon, Goa, Kerala, Chennai, Chandigarh and Bangalore. The course of spinal fusion treatment in India is widely appreciated, since most of them are performed under local anaesthesia that involves fewer risks, ensures minimal blood loss, minimal morbidity, as well as ensures a speedy recovery.
Best Spinal Fusion Surgery Hospitals
Some of the best hospitals for Spinal Fusion surgery in India include the following:
Spinal Fusion Treatment Cost in India
When it comes to choosing a country that offers reasonable spinal fusion treatment cost, India is the choice. The cost difference is distinctly huge when compared to the hospitals in any other medically advanced country, including the US, UK, UAE and Singapore.
Low-cost spinal fusion treatment packages that are available are tailor-made as per the requirements and needs of foreign patients. In addition, the best hospitals for spinal fusion surgery in India have practically no waiting list, enabling patients to seek consultation and get treated as soon as they land in the country.
Pre-bookings for foreign patients are available so that the moment they arrive at the airport, they are immediately taken care of by a travelling attendant who takes them to the hospital in a car. Another attendant waiting at the hospital door receives the patient and take his or her responsibility thereby.
The total spinal fusion treatment cost in India primarily depends upon the type of package you choose. These include costs of medications, medical supplies, operating room services, room and board expenses, recovery room expenses, hospitals and imaging charges, physical therapy expenses and charges of surgeons.
Another major factor that dictates the cost of spinal fusion treatment in India is the type of spinal fusion technique used. The techniques vary depending upon the level of the spine, which includes surgery on the cervical spine, thoracic spine and lumbar spine.
Have a look at the spinal fusion treatment cost in India compared to other countries.
|Cost of spinal fusion treatment in India and Abroad|
The cost of spinal fusion treatment in India is, thus, just a fraction of what it costs in other countries.
Causes of Spinal Fusion
Spinal fusion surgery is performed to stabilise and decompress the spine. There are several factors that may lead to pressure on the spinal nerves and cord. Some of the common reasons include the following:
- Degenerative disc disease
- Disc herniation
- Spinal tumours
- Thickened ligaments or bone growth (osteophytes)
- Increased motion or stress
In comparison to thoracic fusion, the most commonly performed spinal fusions are cervical and lumbar spinal fusions. Since the thoracic spine stays mostly immobile, most fusions are done due to deformities and trauma such as Kyphosis and Scoliosis. A neurosurgeon determines the need of spinal fusion surgery in the following conditions:
Spinal fusion surgery is performed to stabilize and decompress the spine. There are several factors that may lead to pressure on the spinal nerves and cord. Some of the common reasons include the following:
- Discongenic pain
- Degenerative disc disease
- Spinal tumour
- Posterior rami syndrome
- Vertebral fracture
- Conditions that trigger instability of the spine
- Other types of degenerative spinal conditions
Why is spinal fusion performed?
Spinal fusion surgery involves elimination of tissues or bones that are exerting pressure on the spinal canal and narrowing the spinal nerves or spinal cords. A spinal fusion surgery is often treated as a follow-up surgery for treating problems such as herniated discs, tumours, infections and spinal stenosis.
Initially, spinal fusion procedure was introduced to treat fractures, but now the concept has become broader and is now used for treating age-related spinal stenosis and spinal problems. The potential reasons why spinal fusion is highly recommended include correction of deformity, treatment of fractured bone, evading pain arising from painful motion, treatment of cervical disc herniations and treatment of instability.
Techniques Used in Spinal Fusion
Spinal fusion techniques are varied and each technique depends upon the location of compressed spinal nerves or cord and the level of the spine. Minimally invasive spinal fusion is used nowadays that involve lesser complications than traditional technique of spinal fusion. After the spine is decompressed, artificial bone substitute or bone grafting is required between the vertebrae for quick healing.
Hospitals with the latest technology use advanced techniques these days, which include image-guiding systems combined with instrumented fusions. During spinal fusion operation, screws or rods are inserted into the patient’s spine by creating small incisions through the skin. The procedure enables less blood loss, lesser muscle damage, lower pain and infections and quick recovery.
Three Types of Fusion Techniques
Thoracic Spine: The condition is treated by anterior fusion and decompression and posterior fusion. Different types of instruments are used to fuse the thoracic spine, which includes pedicle screw-rod systems, sublaminar wiring, transverse process hooks and vertebral body plate system.
Cervical Spine: Cervical spine fusion includes anterior cervical fusion and corpectomy, anterior cervical fusion and discectomy and posterior cervical fusion and decompression.
Lumbar Spine: Two types of fusions are performed in this category – interbody fusion and posterolateral fusion. In the case of the former, the intervertebral disc situated between the vertebrae are removed and bone grafted in the space. A titanium or plastic is positioned between the vertebrae to ensure disc height and spine alignment.
Posterolateral fusion, on the other hand, is placed at the back of the spine between the transverse process. Wires and screws are used to fixed the vertebrates in place through the pedicles present in each vertebra. A metal rod is positioned on either side of the vertebrae for support.
The rate at which patients lose their weight varies from one patient to another. Some patients may lose their weight quickly, while others lose it over a period of one to two years.
What are the risks and complications associated with spinal fusion surgery?
Spinal fusion surgery is a highly complicated procedure and has certain risks of mortality. Several factors such as the patient’s ripping age, poor nerve symptoms, increased body mass index, poor nutrition, bladder or bowel issues may complicate spine fusion surgery even more.
The rate of risk is high during surgery if the patient is not properly positioned on the operating table or experiences the copious loss of blood, damage to nerves or improper harvesting of the bone graft. Even if the surgery is performed successfully, the complications and risks in spinal fusion surgery still remain.
Signs of wound infections, pulmonary embolism, urinary retention, deep vein thrombosis neurologic deficit post-surgery are alarming. If the patient shows other side effects of spine fusion surgery in the following weeks such as deformity, infection, decreased immune system, adjacent segment disease and epidural fibrosis, then he or she should be taken to the doctor at once.
Recovery After Spinal Fusion Surgery
Following a successful spinal fusion surgery, the patient is kept under vigilance for a few days in the hospital. You are recommended to use a back brace that will offer support for quick recovery. Also, a patient has to undergo a prolonged spinal fusion rehabilitation procedure, depending upon the severity of his or her condition. This includes walking, swimming, stationary biking and other similar activities.
Post-operative spinal fusion rehabilitation program is devised by the surgeons after examining the condition of the patient. Aside from including back strengthening exercises, such programs even entail cardiovascular conditioning program.
In most cases, customised program are designed exclusively for each patient to safely get him or her back to work as quickly as possible. The factors determining a rehabilitation program are related to the extent and type of surgery, and age, anticipated activity level and health of the patient.
In the case of single level fusion in younger patients, active rehabilitation begins within four weeks of the operations. Otherwise, in older patients, the procedure begins after several months after the operation.
It should be known that substantial bone healing starts only after three to four weeks post-surgery. During this time, younger patients are recommended to enhance their physical activities. Nonetheless, evidence of continued healing has been found for up to a year post surgery.