Spine surgery is conducted across best hospitals in India. It is a sensitive procedure. A highly experienced spinal surgeon must conduct it. Spinal surgery in India depends on the type of condition that the patient is suffering from. It also depends on the severity of its symptoms in patients. The exact spine problem that the patient is suffering from is diagnosed with the help of certain routine and special exams. It includes a discography, CT scan of the spine, MRI of the spine and electromyography (EMG).
Any kind of injury to the spine can lead to intense pain. Under the worse condition, the patient can be left bed ridden. Spine plays a vital role in the human body as it protects the spinal cord and allows the human body to stand straight or bend down.
The spine is made up of 26 small bones called vertebrae. These bones protect the spinal cord. Over a period of time, the shape, size and location of these vertebrae may change. Reasons include injury, tumor, infection and conditions such as scoliosis, spondylitis, spinal stenosis and herniated discs.
These changes to the vertebrae may cause a lot of pain. It can also restrict the movement of the patient by putting extreme pressure on the nerve or spinal cord. In severe cases, the patient may suffer from paralysis of the legs, arms or both (quadriplegia).
Spinal Surgery Hospitals in India
The best hospitals for spinal surgery in India are known all around the world for offering high quality of medical treatment. The hospitals are known for the quality of spinal surgery and patient satisfaction.
Moreover, the best Indian spine surgery hospitals keep themselves updated as per the latest trends in the field of healthcare. They make sure that they keep them updated as per the changes in technology.
They conduct workshops and seminars for the spinal surgeons. It help them to impart useful knowledge about the changing trends. Apart from technology, the best hospitals for spine surgery in India also have all other facilities required by the patients.
Best Spine Surgery Hospitals
Some of the best hospitals for Spine surgery in India include the following:
Spine Surgery Cost in India
Spinal surgery cost varies from country to count. But, the cost of spinal surgery in India is much less than a majority of other countries.
The cost of spinal surgery in India and other countries are summarized in the table below:
Why Spine Surgery?
Spine surgery is recommended to patients who cannot be cured with the help of other therapies. Main symptoms are back pain and restricted movement. A spine surgery is also warranted in the case of a sudden excessive injury due to fall or an accident. The extensive damage to one or more vertebrae or injury threatens the life of the patient if not treated immediately.
There are different types of spine surgery, each of which has a specific purpose. The spine surgery hospitals conduct these procedures with the help of latest technologies.
What happens before spine surgery?
A highly experienced spine surgeon first conducts a physical examination of the patient. They also take a note of the symptoms that the patient is experiencing. Next, they order a series of diagnostic test to make a final assessment of the condition of the patient. A spine surgeon is the best person to take a decision on the type of spine surgery. He also suggests the type of technology to use.
Once the patient or his family members complete the hospital formalities, agree with the doctor and are willing to take the risks associated with the procedure, the surgery is done. Each type of spine surgery fulfil a different purpose. It is performed differently with the help of different technology.
Types of Spine Surgery
Discectomy (Cervical and Lumbar): This type of spine surgery involves removal of a herniated disc material. It is the central part of the intervertebral disc that put an excess pressure on the nerve root, called as the spinal cord. The pressing of the nerve root may send a wave of pain across the entire spinal cord and the radiating nerves.
Discectomy can be performed using open surgery or with latest technology. The technologies are laser, endoscope or microsurgical approach. All these techniques help remove the nucleus pulposus, the central part of the spine.
Balloon Kyphoplasty: Kyphoplasty is a popular procedure used for the treatment of spine fracture. It may result because of a variety of reasons, including injury due to fall or accident, cancer, benign tumor and osteoporosis.
An orthopedic balloon is inserted below the fractures vertebrae. It help to elevate it a little and place it on its original location. At the same time, the spine surgeon also injects some bone cement to fix the fracture.
The surgery may take an hour per fracture fixed. Balloon kyphoplasty can be conducted as an outpatient or an inpatient procedure. It depends on the health of the patient and the extent of the damage.
Spinal Fusion: This procedure is great solution for the pain in the spine that occurs due to the abnormal motion of the different vertebrae. The abnormal motion could result because of many conditions. It includes spondylosis, spinal disc herniation, discogenic pain, degenerative disc disease, scoliosis, spinal tumor, vertebral fracture and kyphosis.
During spinal fusion, two or more vertebrae are fixed together to form a single solid bone. This is done to restrict the abnormal movement between the vertebrae that results in pain.
The spine surgeon first obtains a piece of bone from the pelvis and this graft is placed in between or on the side of the bones to the fused together. The vertebrae are fixed in its place with the help of screws, plates or rods. The vertebrae fuse to form a single bone as the graft heals.
Laminoplasty: Laminoplasty is a surgical procedure used to increase the space for the spinal cord and the nerve root. This helps relieve any abnormal pressure in the spinal cord (spinal stenosis) that could be leading to pain. It is also performed in cases of spinal tumors and spinal cord cyst.
During this procedure, the surgeon cuts through the lamina of the affected vertebrae completely. It creates more space for the spinal cord. The improved room for the spinal cord helps relieve any pressure instantly. The open bone flap is then attached to small pieces of bone or wedges so that the spinal canal remains enlarged. Any tumor or cyst is removed during the procedure before attached wedges to the bone flap.
Laminotomy: This procedure involves partial removal of the lamina. It helps to decompress the nerve root and relieve the pressure. It is a common yet major procedure. It can be performed on four different types of vertebrae – cervical, lumbar, sacral and thoracic.
Laminotomy can be performed on a single or many vertebrae. This procedure is combined with other spinal procedures such as discectomy and spinal fusion.
Disc Nucleoplasty: This is a minimally invasive procedure conducted to decrease the volume of a herniated disc. This is conducted by removing or decompressing tissue from the center of the disc. This helps reduce the pressure inserted by the herniation on the spinal cord and the nerve root. As a result, it helps relieve chronic back pain resulting due to herniation.
Latest Technologies For Spine Surgery
Microsurgical, Endoscopic or Laser Discectomy
Microsurgical, endoscopic or laser discectomy is a type of minimally invasive surgery. These are used to remove the herniated disc material. The disc has been putting an excess pressure on the nerve root, leading to pain in the ban and legs (sciatica).
The procedure can be performed using open surgery method or with the help of specialized tools such as an endoscope. A combination of endoscope and laser is used to remove the herniation. The patient is able to recover more quickly using this approach as compared to an open surgery.
However, the decision to conduct minimally invasive discectomy depends on the choice of the doctor and the overall condition of the patient.
Cyberknife is an advanced system used for many treatments. This advanced system uses high-dose radiation. It treats and destroys spine tumors.
The most important benefit of cyberknife system is its accuracy, effectiveness, and duration. Treatment of spine tumors using cyberknife system usually takes five to seven days. It is much less than the time it takes to deliver low-dose radiation over a period of months.
Robot-assisted spine surgery is an accurate and an extremely precise way to carry out different types of spine surgeries. The robot is attached to a highly specialized machinery. It is controlled by an experienced surgeon. The robotic hands perform the tasks as directed by the doctor handling the machinery. It also makes use of different surgical tools and equipment.
The surgeon handling the machine can see the inside of the patient on a screen. He or she can see the guide the robot to perform next set of actions. This is used to treat many spine-related conditions, including spinal tumors and deformities.