Kidney Cancer Treatment in India
Kidney cancer is the tenth most common type of cancer in the world and accounts for two percent of the total cancer cases reported globally. Also known as renal cancer, kidney cancer starts in the cells of the kidneys.
The kidneys are an important and integral part of the human urinary system. These bean-shaped organs perform a number of important functions in the human body, including waste elimination, maintenance of body fluid balance, and formation of urine.
Kidney cancer treatment in India is offered to thousands of domestic as well as international patients each year. The treatment for kidney cancer in India is highly affordable as compared to any other country across the globe.
India has emerged as a major hub for medical travel because of the quality of the medical care that it offers at an extremely affordable cost and the presence of highly experienced doctors and surgeons. Kidney cancer treatment in India
is as popular as any other treatment that medical patients prefer to come to the country for.
Breakneck evolution in the oncology care in India
in the past few years has rendered the country as one of the top destinations in the world for all forms of cancer treatment. Advancements in the medical technology and the willingness of the top surgeons to accept the changing technology also make patients from abroad seek renal cancer treatment in India.
Kidney cancer treatment in India is offered by some of the top cancer hospitals in India
. These state-of-the-art hospitals are globally renowned for offering world-class treatment services to all categories of patients. They especially assist medical patients in making their medical trip a success and help them throughout their stay in the foreign land.
Kidney Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India
India is one of the leading medical treatment destinations in the world and there are many reasons that make it so. The presence of hospitals equipped with highly advanced technology and state-of-the-art machines, for example, is one such reason.
The best cancer hospitals in India are known to deliver world-class treatment to all the patients from within India and abroad who really need it. They make use of the advanced tools, machines, and technology to diagnose and treat patients with extreme precision and accuracy.
Kidney cancer treatment hospitals in India use the most advanced technologies to diagnose the tumor and identify its location precisely. Robot-assisted surgery is one such advanced technology embraced by the top kidney cancer treatment hospitals in India. This technology helps cancer surgeons kill tumor cells with greater accuracy and precision. In addition, it allows them to reach inaccessible areas of the targeted organ, thanks to the extreme dexterity of the robotic system.
The best kidney cancer treatment hospitals in India are located in major metropolitan cities, including Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai, Chennai, and Pune. All these hospitals are well-connected with the international and domestic airports, thus making it easier for patients to access them directly.
On top of all the facilities, the best hospitals for kidney cancer treatment in India have associated themselves with some of the globally renowned medical professionals, including oncologists and radiologists. The best surgeons for kidney cancer treatment in India are mostly educated and trained from abroad and their acquired skill set remains unmatched till date.
Best Kidney Cancer Treatment Hospitals
Some of the best hospitals for Kidney Cancer Treatment include the following:
Kidney Cancer Treatment Cost in India
Kidney cancer treatment cost in India is much less than what it takes in any other developing or developed country. It is estimated that the cost of kidney cancer treatment in India is at least 60 to 70 percent less than what it costs in the Western countries, including the US and the UK.
The affordable renal cancer treatment cost in India specifically allows patients from the underdeveloped countries seek treatment of their choice without any financial burden and inconvenience.
Thousands of people in the poor countries, especially in the African subcontinent, die because of no access to quality treatment, their inability to afford treatment in the Western countries, and the unavailability of latest medical technology for cancer treatment. In such a scenario, the best hospitals for kidney cancer treatment in India lease a new life to the patients who are in dire need for affordable and good quality treatment.
Similarly, affordable kidney cancer treatment cost in India is also a boon for patients from the developed countries. The cost of cancer care in the Western countries, including the US, UK, and Canada is much higher than India. The escalating costs and the need for urgent medical treatment put them under great financial and emotional stress.
A huge portion of their stress is alleviated when they plan their medical trip to India for cancer care. It is estimated that they save more than two-thirds of their money that they would otherwise be required to spend in their home country.
|Average Cost of Kidney Cancer Treatment in India
The total kidney cancer treatment cost in India, however, depends on several factors. Some of the major factors that determine the overall cost of kidney cancer treatment in India includes the choice of treatment (radiation, surgery, and so on), duration of hospital stay, cost of medications, the fees of the oncologist and the cost of tests, investigations, and other services offered by the hospital.
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Kidney Cancer Surgeons in India
Kidney cancer surgeons in India are globally renowned for offering the highest quality of medical care to patients from around the world. A majority of them are educated and trained from some of the best and the most prestigious medical institutions in the world.
The best doctors for kidney cancer treatment in India have together guided more than a million patients during their professional careers. Their international exposure and a strong educational background make them the best in their field.
Moreover, the top kidney cancer treatment doctors in India
update themselves as per the changing trends in the use of technology and treatment methods by attending seminars, workshops, and training around the year. They strongly believe in continuous medical education and make efforts to contribute towards innovation in the field of cancer treatment by participating in research activities and clinical trials.
The best kidney cancer surgeons in India
have handled simplest to the most complicated cases of renal cancer patients from India and abroad. A medical patient from abroad can seek consultation with the top cancer specialist in India by directly contacting the hospital or by seeking help from a medical patient company in India.
offer assistance to medical patient to seek consultation from one of the best kidney cancer treatment doctors in India. They also help with miscellaneous services such as booking appointments, planning medical travel trip, seek visa approval, and make arrangements for stay.
Kidney Cancer: An Overview
Kidney cancer is also known as renal cancer. It occurs when the cells in either of the kidney become cancerous and start to multiply rapidly. Usually, cancer in the kidney starts from the tubules that line the tiny tubes inside the kidney.
Most cases of kidney cancer can be diagnosed before they metastasize and spread to nearby organs and other parts of the body. Therefore, this condition can be treated with great success rates.
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Kidney Cancer Symptoms
Patients with kidney cancer may experience a combination of the following symptoms:
- Loss of appetite
- A lump that can be felt on the side or in the abdomen
- Passing of blood in urine
- Fatigue and unexplained weight loss
- Swelling in the feet
- Unexplained fever that lasts for weeks
Who is more likely to get kidney cancer?
The exact cause of kidney cancer is not known. However, it most commonly affects people aged above 40. Being a male, weight issues, use of certain medications, hypertension, certain genetic conditions, smoking, and a family history of kidney cancer may increase the risk of kidney cancer.
Kidney Cancer Stages
There are different stages of kidney cancer, depending on the extent of the spread of tumor cells and the size of the tumor. Kidney cancer is categorized into the following stages:
Stage I: Tumor can reach up to 7 centimeters in diameter but remains confined to the kidney.
Stage II: Tumor is invariably larger than a Stage I tumor but still remain confined to the kidney.
Stage III: Tumor extends beyond the kidney to reach the surrounding tissue and may spread to lymph nodes as well.
Stage IV: Cancer spreads outside the kidney to distant organs or to multiple lymph nodes.
Treatment Options for Kidney Cancer in India
Based on the diagnosis made and the stage and type of kidney cancer, the oncologist prepares a treatment plan that best suits the medical needs of the patient. They may decide to conduct any of the following treatments to remove or destroy the tumor in the kidney and the surrounding tissues/lymph nodes.
Surgery for Kidney Cancer in India
A surgical procedure is the standard choice for the treatment of kidney cancer. Some of the surgical procedures available for kidney cancer treatment in India include the following:
- Simple nephrectomy in India: During this procedure, the oncosurgeon only removes the kidney affected by cancer. Patients with Stage I kidney cancer are usually treated with simple nephrectomy.
- Radical nephrectomy in India: Most of the patients with kidney cancer are treated with radical nephrectomy. It involves the removal of the kidney, adrenal glands, adjacent lymph nodes, and the surrounding tissues that are at a risk of tumor growth. Surgeons usually perform this surgery by making a large incision to access the kidney. But it can be performed laparoscopically by making small incisions through which tiny surgical tools are inserted. A small video camera is also inserted to monitor the procedure and the movement of the surgical tools in the body of the patient.
- Partial nephrectomy in India: Partial nephrectomy is also known as nephron-sparing surgery. It involves the removal of the part of the kidney affected by the tumor rather than the removal of the entire kidney. It is usually performed in the case of patients who have just one kidney left or in the cases where it is possible to retain the kidney tissues not affected by the tumor growth.
Arterial Embolization in India
Embolization is done to block the blood flow to the tumor cells. In many cases, it is done prior to the surgery to make it easier for the surgeons to conduct the procedure. The doctor inserts a special substance into the blood vessel that supplies blood to the kidney. This procedure is conducted with the help of a catheter. The blockage shrinks the tumor because it no longer receives oxygen and other substances for its growth and proliferation.
Cyberknife Treatment for Kidney Cancer
CyberKnife technology is a non-surgical system used for the treatment of tumors located in any part of the body, including kidneys. Cyberknife treatment is more effective than radiation therapy for the treatment of kidney cancer as the former can precisely target the tumor cells without affecting the healthy tissues.
CyberKnife system allows the surgeons to target tumors with high dosage radiation. Because the intensity of radiation is much greater than traditional radiation therapy, a fewer number of CyberKnife treatment sessions are required to eliminate the tumor completely.
Cryoablation in India
It is a new minimally invasive technique that is considered highly useful for the treatment of kidney tumors that cannot be removed with the help of the surgery. This therapy works by killing the cancerous cells under extremely low temperatures.
The surgeon inserts several special needles known as cryoprobes to insert the gas. Helium and argon gas circulates through the needles for several minutes lowering the temperature by up to -40 degree Celsius. The doctor uses CT guided approach to monitor the freezing of the cancerous tissues. Another gas is then used to warm the frozen tissues. This cycle is repeated multiple times to destroy the cancer cells by leading to their death.
Radiofrequency Ablation in India
This technique destroys the tumor cells through heating. Special needles are inserted through the skin to the cancer cells. An electric current is run through the needle to the site of the tumor growth. This causes these cells to burn out because of the heat generated by the electric current.
Safety and efficacy of this new technique are still a concern as there is limited long-term data available on radiofrequency ablation. But it may be kept as an option for the patients who cannot undergo a surgery.
Radiation Therapy in India
Radiation therapy is a technique used to kill cancer cells through highly powerful energy radiations. This therapy is also used to reduce or minimize the symptoms of kidney cancer that has spread to other body areas. A small number of patients also receive radiation therapy to shrink the size of the tumor prior to the surgery.
Chemotherapy for Kidney Cancer
Chemotherapy is not a popular type of treatment method used for killing cancer cells in the case of kidney cancer. It may, however, be sometimes used for the treatment of a certain type of kidney cancer and in the case of kidney cancer recurrence. Chemotherapy involves the use of cytotoxic drugs to kill cancer cells.
Targeted therapy is a special treatment that helps manage kidney cancer by producing a specific action against the targeted site. This therapy involves the use of drugs and other chemicals. For example, one type of targeted therapy involves the use of drugs to manipulate the blood vessel that supplies blood to the tumor. The blood vessel is manipulated in a way that it no longer feeds the tumor cells, eventually leading to their death. Another type of targeted therapy alters the enzyme pathway through which cancer cells grow.
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) for Kidney Cancer
HIFU is an extremely advanced cancer treatment most commonly used to manage prostate cancer. However, this technique is also sometimes used for the treatment of kidney cancer.
This advanced form of cancer treatment allows the radiation oncologists to focus high intensity of radiation beams to the target location to ablate the cancerous cells without affecting the nearby healthy tissues.
HIFU is currently being studied by researchers around the world for its effectiveness and uses in the treatment of kidney cancer. As of now, there is a little evidence supporting its efficacy.
Diagnosis of Kidney Cancer
Based on the set of symptoms that the patient could be experiencing, the oncologist may decide to order a few tests to confirm the presence or absence of kidney cancer. He or she may suggest a combination of the following diagnostic tests to confirm the presence of the cancerous cells in the kidney:
- Urine and blood test: These tests are conducted to check for the presence of blood cells, cancer cells, or bacteria in the urine and the number of red blood cells (RBCs) in the sample of blood taken from the patient. These tests could indirectly indicate the presence of cancer cells in the kidney, but do not confirm the diagnosis.
- CT scan: A computed tomography (CT) scan is a special imaging tool used to create a three-dimensional image of the internal body parts. It helps confirm the location and size of the tumor in the kidney. The doctor confirms the presence of a renal tumor by injecting a special dye in the vein of the patient and noticing its movement in a CT scan. The dye is taken up by cancer cells and they are indentified on the imaging screen.
- Intravenous pyelogram: This test includes injection of a contrast dye to view the kidney, urethra, and the rest of the urinary tract through X-ray. The pictures of the kidneys and the nearby lymph nodes help identify the presence of tumor cells.
- Biopsy: During this procedure, a sample of tissue from the kidney is taken and observed under a microscope. This helps identify the type, size, and stage of kidney cancer. A biopsy report is always required before the oncologist prepares a treatment plan.