Kidney Cancer: Stages, Treatment Cost & Hospitals in India

Kidney cancer

What is the Cost of Kidney Cancer Treatment in India?

  • The total cost of kidney cancer treatment in India starts from $3,500 (INR 292,000).
  • Diagnostic Test: Urine and blood test, CT Scan, Biopsy, Intravenous pyelogram.
  • Cost-affecting factors are doctor experience, selected hospital, accommodation, post-surgery care, etc.

Kidney cancer treatment cost in India is much less than what it takes in any other developing or developed country. It is estimated that the cost of kidney cancer treatment in India is at least 60 to 70 percent less than what it costs in the Western countries, including the US and the UK.


Kidney Cancer Treatment Options

Price in ($)

Price in (₹)



Starting from USD 3500

Starting from INR 292,000



Starting from USD 4200

Starting from INR 350,000


Radiofrequency Ablation

Starting from USD 1500

Starting from INR 125,000


Radiation Therapy

Starting from USD 4000

Starting from INR 334,000



Starting from USD 300 (per session)

Starting from INR 25,000 (per session)


HIFU for Kidney Cancer

Starting from USD 8000

Starting from INR 668,000

Get a Free Personalized quote for Kidney Cancer Treatment in India

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Kidney Cancer Symptoms

Patients with kidney cancer may experience a combination of the following symptoms:

  • Loss of appetite
  • A lump that can be felt on the side or in the abdomen
  • Passing of blood in urine
  • Anemia
  • Fatigue and unexplained weight loss
  • Swelling in the feet
  • Unexplained fever that lasts for weeks

Who is more likely to get Kidney Cancer?

The exact cause of kidney cancer is not known. However, it most commonly affects people aged above 40. Being a male, weight issues, use of certain medications, hypertension, certain genetic conditions, smoking, and a family history of kidney cancer may increase the risk of kidney cancer.

Kidney Cancer Stages

There are different stages of kidney cancer, depending on the extent of the spread of tumor cells and the size of the tumor. Kidney cancer is categorized into the following stages:

Stage I: Tumor can reach up to 7 centimeters in diameter but remains confined to the kidney.

Stage II: Tumor is invariably larger than a Stage I tumor but still remain confined to the kidney.

Stage III: Tumor extends beyond the kidney to reach the surrounding tissue and may spread to lymph nodes as well.

Stage IV: Cancer spreads outside the kidney to distant organs or to multiple lymph nodes.

Diagnosis of Kidney Cancer

Based on the set of symptoms that the patient could be experiencing, the oncologist may decide to order a few tests to confirm the presence or absence of kidney cancer. He or she may suggest a combination of the following diagnostic tests to confirm the presence of the cancerous cells in the kidney:

  • Urine and blood test: These tests are conducted to check for the presence of blood cells, cancer cells, or bacteria in the urine and the number of red blood cells (RBCs) in the sample of blood taken from the patient. These tests could indirectly indicate the presence of cancer cells in the kidney, but do not confirm the diagnosis. 
  • CT scan: A computed tomography (CT) scan is a special imaging tool used to create a three-dimensional image of the internal body parts. It helps confirm the location and size of the tumor in the kidney. The doctor confirms the presence of a renal tumor by injecting a special dye in the vein of the patient and noticing its movement in a CT scan. The dye is taken up by cancer cells and they are identified on the imaging screen. 
  • Intravenous pyelogram: This test includes injection of a contrast dye to view the kidney, urethra, and the rest of the urinary tract through X-ray. The pictures of the kidneys and the nearby lymph nodes help identify the presence of tumor cells. 
  • Biopsy: During this procedure, a sample of tissue from the kidney is taken and observed under a microscope. This helps identify the type, size, and stage of kidney cancer. A biopsy report is always required before the oncologist prepares a treatment plan.

How can Lyfboat assist you getting Renal Cancer Treatment in India?

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Lyfboat is a free advisory platform; we do not charge any fees from patients. In fact, we negotiate the price that Indian hospitals offer. In some cases we are able to reduce the cost by negotiating by upto 20% of what hospitals generally offer. We advise the best treatment from the top hospital/surgeon at best price.

Treatment Options for Kidney Cancer in India

Based on the diagnosis made and the stage and type of kidney cancer, the oncologist prepares a treatment plan that best suits the medical needs of the patient. They may decide to conduct any of the following treatments to remove or destroy the tumor in the kidney and the surrounding tissues/lymph nodes.

Surgery for Kidney Cancer in India

A surgical procedure is the standard choice for the treatment of kidney cancer. Some of the surgical procedures available for renal cancer treatment in India include the following:

Simple nephrectomy in India

  • During this procedure, the oncosurgeon only removes the kidney affected by cancer.
  • Patients with Stage I kidney cancer are usually treated with simple nephrectomy.

Radical nephrectomy in India

  • Most of the patients with kidney cancer are treated with radical nephrectomy.
  • It involves the removal of the kidney, adrenal glands, adjacent lymph nodes, and the surrounding tissues that are at a risk of tumor growth.
  • Surgeons usually perform this surgery by making a large incision to access the kidney.
  • But it can be performed laparoscopically by making small incisions through which tiny surgical tools are inserted.
  • A small video camera is also inserted to monitor the procedure and the movement of the surgical tools in the body of the patient.

Partial nephrectomy in India

  • Partial nephrectomy is also known as nephron-sparing surgery.
  • It involves the removal of the part of the kidney affected by the tumor rather than the removal of the entire kidney.
  • It is usually performed in the case of patients who have just one kidney left or in the cases where it is possible to retain the kidney tissues not affected by the tumor growth.

Radiofrequency Ablation in India

  • This technique destroys the tumor cells through heating. Special needles are inserted through the skin to the cancer cells. 
  • An electric current is run through the needle to the site of the tumor growth. 
  • This causes these cells to burn out because of the heat generated by the electric current.
  • Safety and efficacy of this new technique are still a concern as there is limited long-term data available on radiofrequency ablation. 
  • But it may be kept as an option for the patients who cannot undergo a surgery.

Radiation Therapy in India

  • Radiation therapy is a technique used to kill cancer cells through highly powerful energy radiations. 
  • This therapy is also used to reduce or minimize the symptoms of kidney cancer that has spread to other body areas. 
  • A small number of patients also receive radiation therapy to shrink the size of the tumor prior to the surgery.

High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) for Kidney Cancer

  • HIFU is an extremely advanced cancer treatment most commonly used to manage prostate cancer. 
  • However, this technique is also sometimes used for the treatment of kidney cancer.
  • This advanced form of cancer treatment allows the radiation oncologists to focus high intensity of radiation beams to the target location to ablate the cancerous cells without affecting the nearby healthy tissues.
  • HIFU is currently being studied by researchers around the world for its effectiveness and uses in the treatment of kidney cancer. 
  • As of now, there is a little evidence supporting its efficacy.

Arterial Embolization in India

  • Embolization is done to block the blood flow to the tumor cells. In many cases, it is done prior to the surgery to make it easier for the surgeons to conduct the procedure. 
  • The doctor inserts a special substance into the blood vessel that supplies blood to the kidney. 
  • This procedure is conducted with the help of a catheter. The blockage shrinks the tumor because it no longer receives oxygen and other substances for its growth and proliferation.

Cyberknife Treatment for Kidney Cancer in India

  • CyberKnife technology is a non-surgical system used for the treatment of tumors located in any part of the body, including kidneys. 
  • Cyberknife treatment is more effective than radiation therapy for the treatment of kidney cancer as the former can precisely target the tumor cells without affecting the healthy tissues.
  • CyberKnife system allows the surgeons to target tumors with high dosage radiation. 
  • Because the intensity of radiation is much greater than traditional radiation therapy, a fewer number of CyberKnife treatment sessions are required to eliminate the tumor completely.

Cryoablation in India

  • It is a new minimally invasive technique that is considered highly useful for the treatment of kidney tumors that cannot be removed with the help of the surgery. 
  • This therapy works by killing the cancerous cells under extremely low temperatures.
  • The surgeon inserts several special needles known as cryoprobes to insert the gas. 
  • Helium and argon gas circulates through the needles for several minutes lowering the temperature by up to -40 degree Celsius. 
  • The doctor uses CT guided approach to monitor the freezing of the cancerous tissues. 
  • Another gas is then used to warm the frozen tissues. 
  • This cycle is repeated multiple times to destroy the cancer cells by leading to their death.

Chemotherapy for Kidney Cancer

  • Chemotherapy is not a popular type of treatment method used for killing cancer cells in the case of kidney cancer. 
  • It may, however, be sometimes used for the treatment of a certain type of kidney cancer and in the case of kidney cancer recurrence. 
  • Chemotherapy involves the use of cytotoxic drugs to kill cancer cells.

Targeted Therapy

  • Targeted therapy is a special treatment that helps manage kidney cancer by producing a specific action against the targeted site. 
  • This therapy involves the use of drugs and other chemicals. For example, one type of targeted therapy involves the use of drugs to manipulate the blood vessel that supplies blood to the tumor. 
  • The blood vessel is manipulated in a way that it no longer feeds the tumor cells, eventually leading to their death. 
  • Another type of targeted therapy alters the enzyme pathway through which cancer cells grow.

Kidney Cancer Treatment in India

  • The kidneys are an important and integral part of the human urinary system. 
  • These bean-shaped organs perform a number of important functions in the human body, including waste elimination, maintenance of body fluid balance, and formation of urine.
  • Kidney cancer treatment in India is offered to thousands of domestic as well as international patients each year. 
  • The treatment for kidney cancer in India is highly affordable as compared to any other country across the globe.
  • India has emerged as a major hub for medical travel because of the quality of the medical care that it offers at an extremely affordable cost and the presence of highly experienced doctors and surgeons. 
  • Kidney cancer treatment in India is as popular as any other treatment that medical patients prefer to come to the country for.
  • Breakneck evolution in the oncology care in India in the past few years has rendered the country as one of the top destinations in the world for all forms of cancer treatment. 
  • Advancements in the medical technology and the willingness of the top surgeons to accept the changing technology also make patients from abroad seek renal cancer treatment in India.
  • Kidney cancer treatment in India is offered by some of the top cancer hospitals in India
  • These state-of-the-art hospitals are globally renowned for offering world-class treatment services to all categories of patients. 
  • They especially assist medical patients in making their medical trip a success and help them throughout their stay in the foreign land.

Kidney Cancer Treatment Side Effects

Kidney cancer treatment’s side effects varies from person to person, some of which are mentioned below:

  • Anxiety or depression
  • Appetite loss
  • Bloating and swelling
  • Constipation
  • Hair loss (alopecia)
  • Mouth and lip sores
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Scarring
  • Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
  • Skin irritation
  • Sleep problems (insomnia)
  • Tiredness (fatigue)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About Kidney cancer treatment in India

Q. What are the different stages of renal carcinoma?

The stages of renal cell carcinoma are:

  • Stage I: The cancer is limited to the kidney only. The tumour size is less than or equal to 7 cm in diameter. The estimated five-year survival of patients at this stage of cancer is high – over 90 per cent.
  • Stage II: The cancer is limited to the kidney only but the size of the tumour is more than 7 cm in diameter. The estimated five-year survival rate for patients with this stage is more than 75 per cent.
  • Stage III: At this stage, a tumour in the kidney may be of any size but it does not extend beyond the layer of tissue that surrounds the kidney and adrenal gland. Also, the cancer has spread to the major blood vessel, the renal vein, which carries blood from the kidney and to the blood vessel which carries blood from the lower part of the body to the heart, or the neighbouring adrenal gland. The five-year survival of patients at this stage is estimated to be over 65 per cent, depending on the areas involved.
  • Stage IV: The tumour in the kidney may have spread beyond the tissue and/or cancer has extended to more than one lymph node near the kidney. At this stage, cancer might have also spread to other body organs, such as the lungs, brain, bones, liver, intestines or pancreas. The five-year survival of patients at this stage is estimated to be less than 10 per cent.

Q. How is the treatment plan for kidney cancer determined?

A multidisciplinary team of doctors including various cancer specialists such as radiation oncologists, medical oncologists and surgical oncologists, as well as kidney specialists are involved in treatment planning. The best option for the treatment of cancer is determined based on

  • The type of kidney cancer
  • Location and stage of the cancer
  • Whether other organs are affected
  • The overall health of the patient and personal preference.

Q. What are the side effects of kidney cancer treatment?

Different types of cancer treatment have different risks and side effects. The common side effects of chemotherapy and radiation include hair loss, mouth sores, and vomiting.

The doctor will discuss the side effects and risk of complications before the treatment and explain the methods to manage them. Certain medications may help prevent or control the side effects.

Q. What is laparoscopic nephrectomy and its advantages?

Laparoscopic nephrectomy is a surgical procedure in which the renal tumour is removed while preserving the healthy tissues of the kidney. It is a minimally invasive technique in which the surgeons make small incisions instead of large ones, as in the case of the conventional open nephrectomy approach.

The benefit of the laparoscopic procedure is that it causes less post-operative discomfort and less risk of complication in comparison to traditional open surgery.

Q. Do I need to follow a special diet during the kidney cancer treatment?

Eating a balanced diet containing whole grains and starches, fresh fruits and vegetables, and proteins is very important during and after the treatment to maintain good overall health. Certain food items should be avoided such as food with high salt content and high in phosphorus.

Also, it is recommended to avoid overhydration, and not eat raw foods such as shellfish, sushi and vegetable sprouts. Avoid having unpasteurized juice or milk and boil milk before drinking.

  1. Medanta The Medicity
  2. Artemis Hospital
  3. Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals
  4. BLK Super Speciality Hospital
  5. Max Super Specialty Hospital Saket
  6. Fortis Memorial Research Institute
  7. Al Zahra Hospital
  8. Canadian Specialist Hospital, Dubai
  9. Saudi German Hospital
  10. Zulekha Hospital Dubai
  1. Dr. Ashok Vaid
  2. Dr. Hari Goyal
  3. Dr. Sandeep Batra
  4. Dr. Randeep Singh
  5. Dr. Ankur Bahl

Dr. Ashok Vaid

30+ years of Experience

Dr. Ashok Vaid

30+ years of Experience

Dr. Hari Goyal

23+ years of Experience

Dr. Hari Goyal

23+ years of Experience

Dr. Sandeep Batra

22+ years of Experience

Dr. Sandeep Batra

22+ years of Experience

Dr. Randeep Singh

17+ years of Experience

Dr. Randeep Singh

17+ years of Experience

Dr. Ankur Bahl

12+ years of Experience

Dr. Ankur Bahl

12+ years of Experience

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Vanshika Rawat

Written By Vanshika Rawat

Vanshika Rawat is an experienced content developer. She is very knowledgeable in the field of science and healthcare and has worked under brilliant scientists during her higher education. Vanshika obtained her degrees in Masters in Science and Bachelors in Science (Microbiology with Hons.) from renowned institutions - Panjab University and University of Delhi.
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