How Much Does Liver Cancer Treatment Cost?

Liver cancer treatment cost in India ranges from USD 2800 to USD 5500 depending on the type of treatment and several other factors.

  • The liver, which is an approximately basketball-sized organ, is located in the upper right part of your abdomen, above your stomach, and below your diaphragm.
  • The liver performs a variety of vital tasks, including the following:
  • The production of bile, a fluid that aids in the digestion of vitamins, lipids, and other nutrients.
  • To guarantee that the body has a supply of energy and stores nutrients like glucose.
  • Break down or metabolize the poisons and medications
  • Liver cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the cells of the liver.
  • Cancer develops when abnormal cells start to multiply and spread out uncontrollably.
  • The cells may eventually migrate to different areas of the body and grow into the tissues or organs nearby.
  • Cancer develops when abnormal cells start to multiply and spread out uncontrollably. The cells may eventually migrate to different areas of the body and grow into the tissues or organs nearby.
  • Primary liver cancer is another name for it. The portion of the body where the disease first manifested itself is referred to as the primary site of cancer.
  • The most common type of liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma, which begins in the main type of liver cell (the hepatocyte). Significantly fewer cases of hepatoblastoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma occur.
  • It is a life-threatening condition with grows rapidly to spread to other organs.

Types of Liver Cancer

The number of liver cancer cases is rising significantly. According to medical professionals, roughly 1% of men and women in the US may receive a liver cancer diagnosis at some point in their lives.

Primary liver cancer comes in three different forms:

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC):

  • Accounting for almost all occurrences of liver cancer, this is the most prevalent kind.

Intrahepatic cancer (IHC):

  • Cholangiocarcinoma in its intrahepatic (IHC) variation.
  • It is the most common liver cancer. IHC is bile duct carcinoma in the liver.
  • It accounts for 10% to 20% of all cases of primary liver cancer.


  • Only 1% of primary liver cancer cases are of this extremely rare form.
  • This cancer develops in the liver’s blood cell lining. (Other organs may potentially be impacted by angiosarcoma.)


  • Hepatoblastoma is an even more rare type of liver cancer.
  • Children, especially those under the age of three, are more likely to develop this type of cancer.
  • Hepatoblastoma has a higher than 90% survival rate when it is found in its early stages, similar to many other malignancies.
  • With surgery and chemotherapy, the prognosis for individuals with this kind of cancer is frequently favorable.

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Symptoms of Liver Cancer

Live cancer signs are hardly evident at an early stage and are usually recognized when cancer has progressed.

The signs of certain liver cancer include:

  • Upper abdominal pain, usually on the right side or back, and shoulder pain
  • Nausea, Nausea
  • Appetite Loss
  • Sentiment of fullness
  • Abdominal swelling and distension
  • The unexpected loss of weight
  • Fatigue and Weakness
  • A fever
  • Jaundice- yellowness in the white portion of the eyes and the skin.
  • It is challenging to diagnose liver cancer without a diagnosis because these symptoms are similar to those of common gastrointestinal problems.
  • To precisely pinpoint the extent of the cancer and the part of the liver that is damaged, diagnostic tests are carried out.


  • Cancer of the liver can develop when the DNA of healthy liver cells is damaged.
  • DNA carries the genes that tell our cells how to function.
  • Everybody has genes that determine how often their cells divide, multiply, and die. Oncogenes, for instance, promote cell growth and division.
  • Other genes known as tumor suppressor genes keep track of cellular activity, limiting unchecked cell development, and ensuring that cells die when they should.
  • Every time our DNA is modified or changed; new instructions are sent to our cells.
  • Oncogenes are activated by HCC DNA alterations, whereas tumor suppressor genes may be silenced.
  • For instance, studies show that cirrhosis brought on by the hepatitis B and C viruses accounts for more than half of all cases of HCC.
  • These viruses cause the liver cells they infect to undergo DNA modification, turning healthy liver cells cancerous.

Diagnosis of Liver Cancer

To diagnose liver cancer, a number of physical exams and imaging tests are used.

Doctors may prescribe the following tests to confirm the diagnosis:

  • Blood Tests
  • Tests with Ultrasound
  • Scans with computed tomography (CT)
  • Imaging of Magnetic Resonance (MRI)
  • The Angiograms

In the case it is suspected that the patient has IHC, they might do the following tests:

  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): ERCP looks into the bile ducts using an endoscope and a catheter (thin, flexible tubes).
  • Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC): Similar to an ERCP, a PTC produces X-rays of the bile ducts.

Stages of Liver Cancer

The cancer’s stage is a key indicator of the extent and seriousness of its spread. This directs cancer experts and aids in the formulation of a treatment plan as well as the evaluation of the prognosis for liver cancer.

According to how cancer develops, the phases are often divided into four stages:

  • Step 1: Cancer does not spread to nearby organs or other body parts and stays limited to the liver.
  • Step 2: There could be several tiny tumors that are limited to the liver or a single tumor that has progressed to a blood artery.
  • Step 3: Either there are a number of sizable tumors, or one tumour has progressed to the huge main blood vessel.
  • Step 4: The cancer has spread to other parts of the body and is in an advanced stage at this point.

Cost of Liver Cancer Treatment

  • The cost of treating liver cancer is relatively affordable in developing nations like India when compared to other nations.
  • Additionally, the scope and quality of medical care and services offered are comparable to those found in the world’s top hospitals.
  • Liver cancer treatment cost in India ranges from USD 2800 to USD 5500 depending on the type of treatment and several other factors.
  • It is relatively lower than the price for the same procedure in countries such as the USA, UK, Germany, Australia, and many others.
  • This helps international patients save a significant amount of money on their treatment, with no compromise on the quality.
  • Additionally, the overall cost will depend on the sort of treatment one requires and the results of the evaluation.
  • Cost can change depending on the patient’s symptoms and conditions as well as the services used.

Factors That Can Affect the Cost of Liver Cancer Treatment

The cost of the treatment may also be a guarantee of being in safe hands and ensures there is trust and obligation to deliver nothing less than the best.

The important factors that can affect liver cancer treatment costs are:

  • The doctor’s recommended course of therapy
  • Location and accreditation should be considered when choosing a hospital. This may be directly proportionate with the enhanced cost.
  • The doctor’s expertise. The no. of successful surgeries performed by the doctor may absolutely be a valid recommendation of skill and knowledge.
  • Duration of hospitalization and room category. This is based on how well and quickly a patient recovers if the stay in the hospital is comfortable and safe.
  • If necessary, additional medical testing will be performed.
  • There may be further surgical interventions, tests, and the doctor’s fee added to the actual cost.
  • The cost of the medication.
    Post-operative care.

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Risk Factors

There are some risk factors that raise a person’s chance of developing primary liver cancer:

Chronic viral infection: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection over a long period of time raises the risk of liver cancer.

Cirrhosis: This disorder, which is gradual and irreversible, causes your liver to build scar tissue, which raises the possibility of developing liver cancer.

Type 2 Diabetes: Compared to people without the condition, those who have type 2 diabetes have an increased risk of developing liver cancer.

Inherited liver diseases: Certain liver illnesses are inherited or genetic, and some of these conditions, like hemochromatosis and Wilson’s disease, can raise the likelihood of developing other liver conditions.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: Those who have an overgrowth of liver fat are at a higher risk of developing liver cancer.

Exposure to aflatoxins: Aflatoxins are poisons that are produced by certain molds and fungi. Usually, crops with poor storage, such as grains and nuts, support the growth of these fungi.

Then, aflatoxins are introduced to these crops. Long-term consumption of foods composed of these ingredients can raise the chance of developing liver cancer.

Excessive alcohol consumption: Drinking alcoholic beverages in amounts greater than a moderate quantity every day or frequently over a long period of time increases the chance of developing liver cancer and irreparable damage to the liver’s cells.

Weak immunity: People who have a compromised immune system, such as those with HIV or AIDS, are more susceptible to liver disease.

Obesity: Being overweight raises the possibility of getting multiple types of cancer. In addition to causing cirrhosis and fatty liver disease, obesity can also result in the growth of liver cancer.

Gender: According to the American Cancer Society, men are three times more likely than women to develop liver cancer.

Smoking: Compared to people who have never smoked, smokers, both present and past, have a higher risk of developing liver cancer.

Treatment Options for Liver Cancer

The severity (stage) of the ailment, your age, general health, and personal preferences all affect the liver cancer treatment options.

The treatment plan for a liver cancer patient is designed on the basis of the following factors:

  • Extent of damage to the liver
  • Size, location, and number of tumors in the liver
  • Whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body
  • Overall health status and age of the patient

The types of therapies utilized to treat liver cancer are as follows:


Surgery is usually the treatment of choice when liver cancer is discovered early and only affects a small portion of the liver while the rest of the liver is still healthy. It entails the removal of the liver tumor.

  • Surgery to remove the tumor: In some circumstances, the doctor may recommend a procedure to remove the liver cancer and a small amount of the surrounding healthy liver tissue if the tumor is small and its functioning is excellent.
  • Partial hepatectomy: this is a surgery that can be used to accomplish this. In order to prevent the cancer from progressing and spreading, the surgeon must remove a portion of the liver during this procedure. When the tumor is modest and only a small portion of the organ is damaged, it is typically an option.
  • After a hepatectomy, the surgeon must leave enough healthy tissue for the liver to function normally in patients who have cirrhosis-related liver cancer or who have scar tissue in the liver.
  • Additionally, if the cancer has already progressed to other sections of the liver or other body organs, the operation may not be the best course of action. Such patients may experience severe bleeding, blood clotting, infections, and pneumonia after liver surgery.

Liver transplant surgery

  • Another surgical option for liver cancer patients is a liver cancer transplant.
  • Patients with cancer that has not spread to other parts can have an option of a liver transplant.
  • Having a liver transplant is only a possibility for a small percentage of people with early-stage liver cancer.
  • In this surgery, the diseased liver of the patient is replaced with a healthy liver from a donor.

Two types of liver transplants depending on the donor are:

  1. Living donor transplant
  2. Deceased (cadaver) donor liver transplant.
  • For a living donor liver transplant, a portion of a healthy liver from a matched living donor is used to replace the damaged liver of the patient.
  • The doctor will perform certain tests for both the donor and recipient to determine a compatibility match.
  • In the case of a deceased donor liver transplant, the entire liver from a cadaver (a person who has recently died and has healthy organs) is taken and put into the patient.

Other treatment options for cancer that have not spread outside the liver and if surgery and transplant are not possible include:

  • Radiofrequency ablation: This method involves the use of a special probe to destroy cancer cells with heat.
  • Cryosurgery: In this treatment, a metal probe is used to freeze and destroy cancer cells. The doctor places an instrument, called a cryoprobe, guided by the ultrasound images, directly onto liver tumors.
  • Chemoembolization: In this procedure, the anticancer drugs are directly injected into the tumors in the liver.
  • Radiation beads: This method involves the use of beads filled with radiation. These tiny spheres are placed in the liver to directly deliver radiation to the tumor.

Targeted Therapy

  • Targeted drug therapies focus on particular defects frequently found in cancer cells. Pharmacological treatment that targets these abnormalities can kill cancer cells.
  • The cancer cells may be analyzed in a lab to determine whether these drugs might be helpful.


  • In order to fight cancer, immunotherapy makes use of the immune system.
  • The immune system may not successfully treat cancer of the body because cancer cells produce substances that make immune system cells blind.


  • Chemotherapy uses chemicals to kill rapidly proliferating cells, especially cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be given orally, intravenously, or both ways through a vein in your arm.
  • Advanced liver cancer is occasionally treated with chemotherapy.

Supportive Care

  • Palliative care is a sort of specialized medical care that focuses on treating severe illness symptoms including pain.

Life Expectancy

  • To help patients live longer, medical professionals are making advancements in the treatment of liver cancer. However, liver cancer still poses a serious threat to life.
  • According to data, three years after being diagnosed with early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 35% of patients are still living.
  • Five years after diagnosis, just 12% of patients with HCC that have progressed to adjacent tissues, organs, or lymph nodes are still alive. Five years after diagnosis, only 3% of those who were treated for HCC that had progressed further are still alive.
  • IHC duct cancer has a 24% five-year survival percentage when it hasn’t spread outside of the liver, a 9% five-year survival rate when it has, and a 2% five-year survival rate when it has.

The Success of a Liver Cancer Treatment

  • Many people are identified with liver cancer at an advanced stage since the symptoms do not manifest at an early stage.
  • In general, early cancer detection increases the likelihood of a successful outcome from therapy.
  • However, certain people can be qualified for liver transplantation, which offers long-term treatment.

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