Inguinal Hernia Repair Surgery - Signs, Symptoms, Treatment

Inguinal Hernia Repair Surgery Details

A hernia occurs when an organ or fatty tissue squeezes through a weak spot in a surrounding muscle or connective tissue called fascia. This can be painful as it might obstruct the supply of blood to that part of the organ and you feel very uncomfortable. In an inguinal hernia, the intestine or the bladder protrudes through the abdominal wall into the inguinal canal in the groin. This canal allows your testis to descend into the scrotum sac before your birth. About 96% of all groin hernias are inguinal, and most occur in men.

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Before Inguinal Hernia Repair Surgery

Your doctor needs to examine the type of hernia you are suffering more closely and then needs to decide upon the treatment which will suit you the best. Your doctor needs to understand your medical history in detail to choose between conventional surgery and laparoscopic surgery. After the diagnosis your doctor will fix an appointment with you and will guide you on medications and any exercises that you might have to do to help ease out the pain before surgery. You should have an empty stomach before the procedure and if required you will be asked to bathe with antibiotic soap.

How it is performed

If your doctor decides to perform laparoscopic surgery, then in this procedure couple of small incisions are made near and above the hernia, usually the area above or near the pubic bone for introducing surgical instruments at the site and the procedure is carried out. In traditional surgery an incision is made near or above the herniated region and the underlying organs are exposed. After this, the repair work is carried out on the supporting tissues and the dislocated organ is moved back to the original position. For example in the case of inguinal hernia a medical grade mesh is applied to block the entry of intestines into the inguinal canal. After the surgery the incision is closed with the help of sutures and dressing is applied.

Recovery

You should not get involved in physically demanding tasks immediately after surgery. Men should be more conscious about lifting heavy weights and intensive workouts. They are generally advised to wear pressure garments to help the affective are to restore its strength. Follow all the instructions and medication properly to allow good healing with best results.

Potential Risks

There are no major risks involved in the surgery as it is not a life threatening procedure. In some cases reappearance of symptoms have been reported and they can be eliminated by following the instructions of your surgeon post-surgery and by giving sufficient time to your body for healing before resuming normal day to day activities. 

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