The average cost of cardiac surgery in India starts from $3500.
The average cost of cardiac surgery in India starts from $3500. Heart surgery can help correct cardiac disorders. There are different types of heart surgery that help correct cardiac defects that cannot be treated with the help of any other surgery. Each type of heart surgery has its own purpose and a cardiac surgeon is the best person to assess which type of surgery is required by a patient as a part of cardiac treatment.
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Heart surgery can help correct cardiac disorders. There are different types of heart surgery that help correct cardiac defects that cannot be treated with the help of any other surgery. Each type of heart surgery has its own purpose and a cardiac surgeon is the best person to assess which type of surgery is required by a patient as a part of cardiac treatment.
Heart surgery is a tedious, sensitive and risky procedure. However, the benefits associated with each type of heart surgery are many. Typically, the results of a heart surgery are highly positive and the patient is able to live a quality life after undergoing surgery to correct cardiac defects. Only an experienced cardiologist is able to decide which surgery needs to be conducted for the treatment of heart patients. There are risks and benefits associated with both traditional and minimally invasive surgery.
The cardiology hospitals in India are equipped with highly sophisticated and latest technology that help conduct these procedures with extreme accuracy and precision. The advancements made in the field of cardiac surgery and the research trials conducted by the top hospitals for heart surgery in India has made the country famous for offering top notch treatment facilities.
Cardiac surgery such as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), heart transplant, atrial septal defect (ASD) closure, ventral septal defect (VSD) closure, angioplasty, and angiography can be availed at the most reasonable cost in India.
Heart surgery is required in case of patients suffering from the following conditions:
Cardiac surgery is also an option for patients suffering from heart damage, whose condition has not improved despite trying other treatment methods, including lifestyle changes, medical procedures and medicines.
There are different types of heart surgery, one of which is selected by the cardiac surgeon based on the condition of the patient and the final diagnosis. Each of these surgeries has different benefits and they help treat different conditions. Before the surgery, the patient is informed about the pros and cons associated with the surgery, the risks involved and the amount of time that it will take for the patient to recover after the surgery. Some patients like to go for minimally-invasive surgery for aesthetic reasons, while others still prefer to go for traditional open heart surgery. Some of the common heart surgery procedures include:
These procedures have different functions. Some of these functions and the respective treatment are discussed below.
This type of heart surgery is used to improve the flow of blood in patients suffering from CHD. Over a period of time, plaque build-up takes place in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. These plaques harden over a period of time and reduce the flow of blood in the heart, causing a peculiar chest pain called angina. Such plaques are also at an increased risk of rupture, leading to the formation of a blood clot that interferes with the flow of blood. This may result in heart attack. During CABG, a healthy artery is connected to the blocked artery, forming a new pathway for blood to flow into the heart. The blood, thus, “bypasses” the blocked portion of the artery and thus restores the normal flow of blood. During the procedure, several blockages can be bypassed at a time.
To achieve atrial or ventricular septal defect closure in the catheter is guided to reach the site of the defect and place a closure device there. The closure device is typically made of mesh and metal. The catheter is pulled out once the closure device is in its place. The closure device effectively closes the hole in the atrial or ventricular septa and is permanently place there.
To achieve heart valve replacement or repair, the catheter is used to either place an inflated below or a clip that holds the valve in position and allows smooth flow of blood from one chamber to another. This, in turn, helps prevent mixing of pure and impure blood in the chambers.
Also known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary angioplasty is a nonsurgical procedure used to open up the narrowed or blocked the coronary artery. It is performed with the help of a thin needle which places an inflated balloon in the blocked part of the artery. The inflated balloon opens up the blocked artery and improved blood flow. During the same procedure, a mesh tube called stent may also be placed to keep the blocked artery open and to support its inner wall.
Any fault or defects in the valves of the heart that control the flow of blood from one chamber of the heart and in the septa that divide the two atria or ventricles is treated with the help of a procedure called heart catheterization. Heart catheterization is a technique by which a thin and flexible tube called a catheter is inserted into a large artery in the arm, groyne or leg. The catheter carries a deflated balloon, which is inflated once inside to create a gap that allows the blood to flow normally or to place a clip that closed any holes in the walls.
For patients suffering from end-stage heart failure, heart transplantation is an option. During this procedure, the damaged or non-functional heart is replaced with a healthy heart derived from a donor. Until a suitable donor is registered, the patient is treated with the help of a total artificial heart (TAH) or ventricular assist devices (VAD).
Arrhythmia refers to the irregular beating of the heart. The rhythm of the heartbeat is a patient suffering from arrhythmia is either too fast or too slow. It is a life-threatening condition that is treated by placing a medical device or an implant. However, the first line of treatment for arrhythmia includes medications. The second line of treatment is a surgery. It can be used to implant the following two devices to regularise the heart rate:
A pacemaker is a small device, which is connected to the chambers of the heart with the help of wires. The device itself is placed under the skin of the chest. This device sends electrical impulses, when required, to regularise the beating of the heart.
It is another small device placed under the skin of the chest that sends strong impulses to the brain whenever it senses heart arrhythmia. The shock sent to the brain restores the normal beating of the heart.
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The cardiac specialists will first conduct a thorough medical evaluation of the heart patient to figure out whether a heart surgery is required or not. However, this evaluation is not applicable in the case of emergency patients, who have has a major heart attack or stroke and may need an immediate heart surgery to ensure survival. Typically, the patient cardiac assessment before heart surgery is divided into two categories – general interview and diagnostic tests.
During the general interview, the doctor asks the patient about the medical history, family history of heart disease, past conditions, its symptoms and course of treatment, duration of symptoms, age and general health, including the presence of other medical conditions such as diabetes and hypertension. Patients may also be required to undergo certain blood and cholesterol tests at this stage.
Based on the findings of the general interview, the doctor may order a few diagnostic tests to assess the severity of heart damage and the kind of treatment required. Some of these diagnostic tests for heart problems include:
Q. What is a minimally invasive cardiac surgery?
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery are advanced medical procedures in which the heart surgeon makes smaller incisions than those made during a traditional approach. This is a keyhole approach for the surgery and the surgeon does not open up the chest cavity completely to access the heart.
The minimally invasive procedures are considered to be safer and associated with a lower risk of complications in comparison to open-heart surgeries. One of the major benefit of this type of surgery is the shorter recovery period and hospital stay for the patient. Cardiac Hospitals in India offer many heart procedures including coronary arterial bypass heart surgery using a minimally invasive cardiac surgery procedure. This provides the advantage of reduced trauma to the body and less post-operative discomfort.
Q. I am diabetic. Can I still undergo minimally invasive cardiac surgery?
Yes, you can be an ideal candidate for minimally invasive cardiac surgery. This is because the infection rates and risk of bleeding are very less in case of minimally invasive surgery in comparison to traditional open surgery.
Q. How long will I need to stay in India after my heart surgery?
The length of stay varies depending on the type of surgery and condition for which the surgery was performed. Generally, a stay of two to three weeks in India is recommended so that you can heal properly and have follow-up visits to the doctor.
Q. What is the length of hospitalization after a cardiac surgery?
On average, the patients stays in the hospital for four to ten days after a heart surgery. This length varies on the basis of the surgery technique, healing speed and heart condition of the patient.
Q. Will I feel pain after the surgery?
During the procedure, the chest cavity is opened and stitched back. So, it is considered normal to have slight pain in the chest after a cardiac operation. The doctor prescribes pain medications to manage the pain and it gradually decreases over a period of time, usually a few months.
Q. When can I drive a car after my heart surgery?
It is advisable to wait for three to six weeks post-surgery before starting to drive on your own. This period of time is required for proper healing of your sternum (breast bone) that was cut open during the surgery. Any kind of stress or injury can damage the tissue if you begin driving too early. Talk to your doctor and surgical team before starting any activity after a heart surgery.
Q. What activities should I avoid after cardiac surgery?
According to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) guidelines, you should stop doing any activity immediately if it makes you feel short of breath, faint or dizzy, or you notice irregular heart beats or experience chest pain. Avoid lifting, pushing, or pulling anything that is heavier than 10 pounds (4.54 kg) for almost six weeks after the surgery. This is to prevent any strain on your sternum while it is still healing from the operation.
Earlier in the best hospitals for cardiac surgery in India, heart damage was repaired with the help of an open-heart surgery. During this procedure, the wall of the chest is entirely opened to expose the patient’s breastbone, which is then cut to operate the heart. Before repairing the heart, the blood pumping function of the patient’s body is transferred to an artificial lung-heart machine temporarily.
However, research conducted by the best heart hospitals in India and advances in medical technology has now allowed cardiac surgeons to access the heart for repair without cutting away the breast bone. This minimally invasive heart surgery in India is done by making four to five small incisions between the ribs.
Only an experienced cardiac surgeon is able to decide which surgery needs to be conducted for the treatment of heart patients. There are risks and benefits associated with both traditional and minimally invasive surgery. The hospitals conduct both these types of procedures. These hospitals have associated themselves with some of the best cardiologists in the world, both from within India and abroad.
There are different types of heart surgery that help correct cardiac defects that cannot be treated with the help of any other surgery. Each type of heart surgery has its own purpose and a cardiac surgeon is the best person to assess which type of surgery is required by a patient as a part of cardiac treatment.
The cardiac surgeons in India also specialize in conducting both minimally invasive heart surgery and open heart surgery. They have a huge experience in resolving all types of medical conditions related to the heart, either surgically or medically.
List of top 15 cardiac surgeons in India:
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