Kidney Transplant in India

Kidney Transplant Cost in India

The cost of kidney transplant is one of the major reasons why patients decide to travel thousands of miles to get treated in India. the country boasts its high quality of medical treatment that can be available at an extremely affordable cost.

The cost of kidney transplant in India is approximately 14000 USD. This cost is inclusive of pre- transplant investigations, surgery and post-transplant follow up.
Cost of Kidney Transplant in different countries
India Starting from $14,000
United States Starting from $65,000
United Kingdom Starting from $76,000
Canada Starting from $50,000

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Factors affecting the cost of Kidney Transplant

Kidney Transplant surgery cost is dependent on several factors. Some of the factors that dictate the cost of transplant includes the following:

  • Hospital’s profile
  • Room category
  • Additional tests required
  • Complications during surgery
  • Surgeon’s fees
  • ICU charges
  • Transplant unit charges

Even when all these miscellaneous costs are taken into account, the overall kidney transplant cost in India remains to be just a fraction of other countries.

kidney transplant

Kidney Transplant in India

Kidney transplant is a popular procedure for which each year a number of end-stage renal disease patients travel from around the world to India. The kidney transplant has gained its popularity in India because of a number of reasons, including low cost of medical treatment and quick availability of quality medical services.

In addition the best hospitals in India house some of the top medical experts in the country. These medical experts are trained and educated from abroad and have the expertise in handling all types of patients and the complications associated with their condition. 

Transplant is conducted at a nominal cost at all major multi-speciality hospitals in India. It is an important procedure since kidneys play a vital role in the human body and help with the elimination of waste and toxic materials from the body.

If the kidneys stop functioning well, the toxicity produced by the waste material in the body starts to increase at an alarming rate. Kidneys also play in the production of urine and in the case of patients suffering from a kidney disease, there is either insufficient production of urine or inappropriate or obstructed flow of urine.

Kidney transplant is performed using both the traditional and modern techniques in India. The traditional technique involves the replacement of the diseased kidney with a healthy one using open surgery, while the modern technique enables the use of minimal invasion for the replacement of diseased kidneys. The latter involves minimal recovery time, quick healing and minimal post-operative care.

The hospitals in India have special Centers of Nephrology and Urology that run the renal transplant procedures and programs. These are specially-designed intensive and critical care units for kidney patients for customised care and regular monitoring.

There are several factors that dictate the decision to undergo the kidney transplant in India. Patients from abroad find kidney transplant treatment cost in India affordable as compared to their own country, plus the high quality of medical treatment is an added advantage for them.

How can Lyfboat assist you getting Kidney Transplant in India?

World's Most Trusted Medical Advisory & Discount Platform

Lyfboat is a free advisory platform; we do not charge any fees from patients. In fact, we negotiate the price that Indian hospitals offer. In some cases we are able to reduce the cost by negotiating upto 20% of what Hospitals generally offer. We advise the best treatment from the top hospital/surgeon at best price.

Who requires kidney transplant?

Patients suffering from kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease are the ones who are recommended to undergo kidney transplant. In such patients, harmful chemicals and toxic by-products such as nitrogen and urea start to accumulate in the blood.

Kidney failure is an irreversible occurrence and the patients can opt for either of the two treatment options at this stage – dialysis or kidney transplant.

Symptoms of Kidney Failure

The excess accumulation of toxic products in the body of the patients suffering from kidney disease start to produce specific symptoms.
Some of the common kidney failure symptoms include the following:

  • Dehydration
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain in muscles and joints
  • Reduced appetite
  • Swelling in arms and legs
  • Pale skin
  • Fluid collection in lungs causing shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Fractures and bone pain
  • Confusion
  • Urinary problems

Diagnosis for Kidney Transplant

Before kidney transplant, a number of tests are conducted on both the patient and the live donor to check for compatibility. In addition, the patient is also made to undergo several other tests to assess the overall health status.

A thorough evaluation made at this time is used to determine the best treatment option and plan. Some of the tests conducted as a part of the evaluation include the following:

  • Prostate-specific antigen test in men
  • Chest X-ray
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG)
  • Blood tests
  • Hepatitis screening test
  • Tissue typing

Types of Kidney Transplant Procedures

Kidney transplant can be performed in two different ways – open technique or laparoscopic technique. The same technique is used to remove a healthy kidney from a suitable donor.

Open Nephrectomy 

In this technique, a large incision is made in the abdominal area of the patient, starting from the lower rib to the midriff. Afterwards, the diseased kidneys are removed and replaced with the healthy ones, before closing the incision with the help of stitches. This is a lengthy and a sensitive procedure that involves more risks. In addition, patients take more time to recover after open nephrectomy than laparoscopic procedure.

Laparoscopy Nephrectomy

In this technique, several small incisions are made and a special instrument called a laparoscope is inserted into the incision to locate the kidneys. Next, the tools attached to the same laparoscope are used to surgically remove the kidneys by first clamping off the surrounding tissues, blood vessels and the ureters. The removed kidneys are then replaced with healthy kidneys retrieved from a suitable donor.

Recovery After Kidney Transplant Surgery

Kidney transplantation is a major procedure that lasts for over three to five hours. After kidney transplantation, the patient is advised to take a lot of fluids to maintain an electrolyte balance. In addition, proper care is taken to manage pain and prevent the wound from contracting any type of infection.

The healthy kidney transplanted into the patient’s body starts to function as soon as it is placed, but the overall functioning may depend on the quality of the transplanted organ. Patients are typically discharged after a week of hospital stay and are given certain medications to manage pain and reduce any chances of organ rejection.

Recovery after kidney transplant depends on the tolerance of the patient and how much he or she is able to drink or eat after the procedure. Patients are advised to check their blood sugar levels multiple times a day and the blood pressure should be checked only after a month of the procedure.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Kidney Transplant in India

Q. How long does the surgery take?

Kidney transplant surgery takes around three to four hours to complete. The patient remains under general anaesthesia during this time.

Q. What is the duration of hospital stay after a kidney transplant?

Patients usually stay for 1-2 weeks in the hospital after their kidney transplant surgery. The several days of hospital stay is required to ensure that the new kidney in the recipient is functioning properly and to keep a check on signs of complications or rejection.

Q. How long does a donor have to stay in the hospital?

The donor will have to stay in the hospital 2 to 4 days, depending on the type of type surgery (open or laparoscopic) performed. With laparoscopic nephrectomy the recovery is faster and duration of hospitalization shorter.

Q. What tests does a donor have to go through?

A potential donor has to undergo several tests to check for the compatibility and avoid risk of rejection by the recipient’s body post transplant. First the donor tested for blood type and once the match is found, further testing for tissue typing is done. This involves Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) typing to compare and match the genetic markers of the patient and donor. The next test for donor matching is a ‘crossmatch’ in which the donor’s is checked for antibodies reaction against antigens in the donor’s blood. A negative crossmatch (no reaction) means that the new kidney will most likely not be rejected by the recipient’s body. In case of positive crossmatch, the risk of rejection is more, and the patient will need additional medical treatment pre and post-transplant.

Q. How long does an international patient have to stay in India after having a kidney transplant?

It is typically recommended to stay for more than 30-35 days after having kidney transplant in India. The time period may vary depending on the individual case and post-surgery complications. The doctor will check the recovery and healing of wounds in the follow-up visit before giving a go ahead for air travel.

Q. When does the new kidney start to function after the surgery?

The transplanted kidney in the patient may start working the same day following the surgery or take a few weeks to start functioning. This may vary depending on how good of a match the donated kidney is to the recipient’s body. Kidney transferred from a living donor is more likely to start working sooner in comparison to the kidney from an unrelated donor or deceased donor. This is due to the fact that a kidney from a relative is a better blood and tissue-type match to the recipient and the recipient’s body will accept the new transplant sooner.

Q. Will my failed kidney be removed during the surgery?

No. Generally, the damaged kidneys are left in place unless they are causing infections or high blood pressure or are cancerous. The new donor kidney is placed on one side of the lower abdomen, near the groin.

There are several multi-facility and super-specialty hospitals for kidney transplant in India. All types of cancers are treated through application of cutting-edge technology. The main goal is to focus on the specific needs of patients and design a treatment procedure suited for the particular patient.

List of some Indian kidney transplant hospitals include the following:

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Last Modified: January 16, 2020  |   Created on: August 7, 2018
Kidney, Transplants, Urology
Vanshika Rawat

Written By Vanshika Rawat

Vanshika Rawat is an experienced content developer. She is very knowledgeable in the field of science and healthcare and has worked under brilliant scientists during her higher education. Vanshika obtained her degrees in Masters in Science and Bachelors in Science (Microbiology with Hons.) from renowned institutions - Panjab University and University of Delhi.
Dr. Suneet Singh

Verified By Dr. Suneet Singh

Dr. Suneet is a doctor-turned-Hospital Administrator with a rich 12 years plus multi-faceted experience in the field of operations management, Corporate and Public Health Administration. Formerly a practicing doctor, Dr. Suneet holds a post-graduate degree in Hospital and Healthcare management from one of the country's esteemed Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS)
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