Kidney Transplant in India
Kidney transplant is a popular procedure for which each year a number of end-stage renal disease patients travel from around the world to India. The procedure has gained its popularity in India because of a number of reasons, including low cost of medical treatment and quick availability of quality medical services.
In addition the best hospitals in India house some of the top medical experts in the country. These medical experts are trained and educated from abroad and have the expertise in handling all types of patients and the complications associated with their condition.
Kidney transplant is conducted at a nominal cost at all major multi-speciality hospitals in India. It is an important procedure since kidneys play a vital role in the human body and help with the elimination of waste and toxic materials from the body.
If the kidneys stop functioning well, the toxicity produced by the waste material in the body starts to increase at an alarming rate. Kidneys also play in the production of urine and in the case of patients suffering from a kidney disease, there is either insufficient production of urine or inappropriate or obstructed flow of urine.
What is the cost of kidney transplant in India?
Approximate cost for pre kidney transplant investigations, surgery and post-transplant follow up would be around 14000 USD in India.
Kidney transplant is performed using both the traditional and modern techniques in India. The traditional technique involves the replacement of the diseased kidney with a healthy one using open surgery, while the modern technique enables the use of minimal invasion for the replacement of diseased kidneys. The latter involves minimal recovery time, quick healing and minimal post-operative care.
The best hospitals for kidney transplant in India have special Centres of Nephrology and Urology that run the renal transplant procedures and programs. There are specially-designed intensive and critical care units for kidney patients, who are kept theirs before and after kidney transplant for customised care and regular monitoring.
There are several factors that dictate the decision to undergo the kidney transplant in India. Patients from abroad find kidney transplant treatment cost in India affordable as compared to their own country, plus the high quality of medical treatment is an added advantage for them.
Kidney Transplant Cost in India
The cost of kidney transplant is one of the major reasons why patients decide to travel thousands of miles to get treated in India. the country boasts its high quality of medical treatment that can be available at an extremely affordable cost.
kidney transplant cost is dependent on several factors. Some of the factors that dictate the cost of kidney transplant includes the following:
- Cost of donated kidney
- Duration of hospital stay
- Type of hospital
- Choice of city
- Additional tests required
- Complications during surgery
- Surgeon’s fees
- ICU charges
- OT charges
Apart from the aforementioned costs, a medical tourist also has to bear the boarding and lodging cost and the cost of meals. But even when all these miscellaneous costs are taken into account, the overall kidney transplant cost in India remains to be just a fraction of other countries.
Here is a comparison of kidney transplant cost in India, United States, United Kingdom and Canada:
Kidney Transplant Hospitals in India
The best kidney transplant hospitals in India are located across the length and breadth of the country. In fact, these hospitals are located in all major cities and towns in India, including New Delhi, Chandigarh, Bangalore, Goa, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Gurgaon and Noida.
The best hospitals for kidney transplant in India practice stringent infection control techniques and rules to prevent any cases of post-operative infections. The high standard of medical services is one of the leading reasons why hundreds of medical tourists from across the world travel to India for the kidney transplant.
Moreover, a patient travelling from abroad can almost immediately seek kidney transplant upon their visit to India as soon as a suitable donor is identified. The kidney donor could be anyone close to the patient, including a family member, spouse, child or sibling. However, the kidney can also be retrieved from a suitable living or a deceased donor, whose kidney is found to be compatible with the body of the patient in need of a healthy kidney.
The kidney replacement hospitals in India start the kidney transplant procedure by first screening the patient and the donor. The two should be compatible with each other so that there are minimal chances of organ rejection post kidney transplant. The patient suffering from an end-stage renal disease is first screened whether he or she is eligible to undergo the procedure or not.
For example, it is seen whether the patient suffers from hypertension or diabetes. All the vital body statistics and parameter are brought under control before the procedure. Until then, the patient is kept of dialysis.
The top hospitals for kidney transplant in India are equipped with the latest technology, machinery, imaging systems and intensive care facilities to provide extensive and specialised treatment and care to all its patients. Some of these hospitals are known to conduct as many as 400 successful kidney transplant procedures each year.
Best Kidney Transplant Hospitals
Some of the best hospitals for Kidney Transplant in India include the following:
Who requires kidney transplant?
Patients suffering from kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease are the ones who are recommended to undergo kidney transplant. In such patients, harmful chemicals and toxic by-products such as nitrogen and urea start to accumulate in the blood.
Kidney failure is an irreversible occurrence and the patients can opt for either of the two treatment options at this stage – dialysis or kidney transplant.
Symptoms of Kidney Failure
The excess accumulation of toxic products in the body of the patients suffering from kidney disease start to produce specific symptoms.
Some of the common kidney failure symptoms include the following:
- Pain in muscles and joints
- Reduced appetite
- Swelling in arms and legs
- Pale skin
- Fluid collection in lungs causing shortness of breath
- Fractures and bone pain
- Urinary problems
Before Kidney Transplant
Before kidney transplant, a number of tests are conducted on both the patient and the live donor to check for compatibility. In addition, the patient is also made to undergo several other tests to assess the overall health status.
A thorough evaluation made at this time is used to determine the best treatment option and plan. Some of the tests conducted as a part of the evaluation include the following:
- Prostate-specific antigen test in men
- Chest X-ray
- Electrocardiogram (EKG)
- Blood tests
- Hepatitis screening test
- Tissue typing
Types of Kidney Transplant Procedures
Kidney transplant can be performed in two different ways – open technique or laparoscopic technique. The same technique is used to remove a healthy kidney from a suitable donor.
Open nephrectomy: In this technique, a large incision is made in the abdominal area of the patient, starting from the lower rib to the midriff. Afterwards, the diseased kidneys are removed and replaced with the healthy ones, before closing the incision with the help of stitches.
This is a lengthy and a sensitive procedure that involves more risks. In addition, patients take more time to recover after open nephrectomy than laparoscopic procedure.
Laparoscopy nephrectomy: In this technique, several small incisions are made and a special instrument called a laparoscope is inserted into the incision to locate the kidneys. Next, the tools attached to the same laparoscope are used to surgically remove the kidneys by first clamping off the surrounding tissues, blood vessels and the ureters. The removed kidneys are then replaced with healthy kidneys retrieved from a suitable donor.
Recovery After Kidney Transplant
Kidney transplantation is a major procedure that lasts for over three to five hours. After kidney transplantation, the patient is advised to take a lot of fluids to maintain an electrolyte balance. In addition, proper care is taken to manage pain and prevent the wound from contracting any type of infection.
The healthy kidney transplanted into the patient’s body starts to function as soon as it is placed, but the overall functioning may depend on the quality of the transplanted organ. Patients are typically discharged after a week of hospital stay and are given certain medications to manage pain and reduce any chances of organ rejection.
Recovery after kidney transplant depends on the tolerance of the patient and how much he or she is able to drink or eat after the procedure. Patients are advised to check their blood sugar levels multiple times a day and the blood pressure should be checked only after a month of the procedure.