Types of cosmetic surgery
Facelift: Facelift surgery or rhytidectomy involves lifting the facial tissues and skin to get rid of the sagging and wrinkles on the face. It aims to restore a more youthful facial appearance and firmness.
The surgeon removes excess sagging skin, and smoothens the deep folds, followed by lifting and tightening the deep facial tissues. Mini-Facelift is a less invasive procedure preferred by many patients who have a mild degree of jowling and sagging skin.
Eyelid lift: Also known as blepharoplasty, it aims to restore the natural youthful appearance of the eyes. The surgeon reduces the sagging skin around the eyelids, smoothens the wrinkles and reduces puffiness, to achieve firmness and reverses the signs of aging in the upper and lower eyelids.
Other than cosmetic reasons, a person may choose to have eyelid surgery for medical reasons, such as obstruction of vision due to sagging eyelid. It can be combined with other procedures such as facelift, brow lift, or both to achieve more comprehensive results for their appearance.
Rhinoplasty: Popularly known as nose job or nose reshaping surgery, it is a surgical procedure that aims to improve the shape, size, and symmetry of the nose. The doctor may create a better proportion for the nose, and it can be customized for the patients as per their desire and reasons for having a rhinoplasty.
The nasal structures, including bone, cartilage, and skin, are reshaped. It can target various needs – straighten the crooked nose, smoothen a bump in the bridge of the nose, refine a bulbous nasal tip, reduce the length of the nasal tip, or narrow a too-wide nose to make it proportionate to the face.
Chin enhancement: Chin implant surgery or genioplasty is done to improve the shape and contours of the chin. It can also target the neck and jawline. The surgeon places an implant around the existing chin bone to enhance its size and shape. It also helps provides the patient a more natural and overall balanced look to the face.
Forehead and Brow lift: An eyebrow lift or a forehead lift is done to rejuvenate the area above the eyes and restore a more natural and refreshed look of the face. It involves removal of the excess skin and sagging on the forehead, followed by repositioning of the underlying muscles and tissues. It can help correct a sagging brow, eliminate deep furrows, or restore a smooth, youthful contour to the upper one-third part of the face.
Liposuction: This procedure is done to remove the fat deposits to sculpt the shape of the patient’s body parts. It is not bariatric surgery and can only sculpt the area to provide a more toned look. The surgeon removes excess fat and refines the shape and form of the body part. The doctor melts the fat, which is then suctioned out by a cannula. There are different types of liposuction techniques:
- Tumescent Liposuction: An injection of anesthetic “tumescent” solution is applied into the area, which helps minimize the bleeding and discomfort during the procedure.
- Ultrasound-Assisted Liposuction: The ultrasound energy is used to break up the fat deposits, which are then loosened and suctioned out of the body.
- Laser-Assisted Liposuction: In this technique, laser energy is used to help dislodge the fat cells.
Tummy Tuck: Also called as abdominoplasty surgery, it involves removal of excess, sagging skin of the abdominal muscles, and it is tightened to correct a protruding belly. It helps provide a flatter and better-toned midsection.
It is a popular procedure and is often opted by people who underwent dramatic changes after weight loss (naturally or with surgery) or pregnancy. The surgeon can reshape and improve the contours of the abdominal area to create a more aesthetically pleasing and slimmer appearance.
Male Chest Reduction: It is one of the most effective treatments for gynecomastia. This condition means enlarged male breasts in men. The surgery removes excess fat and glandular tissue to provide a flatter, firmer and more masculine appearance to the chest.
Breast Augmentation: Augmentation mammoplasty is a surgical procedure in which the breast size is increased. It can be done with breast implants or fat transfer. Breast augmentation is done to enhance the breast profile by providing natural proportions and a more symmetrical, aesthetically pleasing look.
The choice of implant and placement of the incision is determined by the doctor as well as the patient. The commonly used breast implants are Saline and Silicone gel. It can be round or Gummy Bear based on shape.
Breast Lift: A mastopexy procedure is done to restore the firm, perky appearance of the breast that has been sagging and improve the aesthetic appearance. It restores a youthful and feminine proportion of the patient. The excess, loose skin is removed while the breast structure is reshaped.
It may also involve raising the nipple & areola into a more forward position, to reduce the stretched, large areolae and creating a better proportion of a natural-looking breast.