Uterine fibroid embolization (UFE), also known as uterine artery embolization, is used for the treatment of uterine fibroids. It is a minimally invasive procedure performed under the influence of local anesthesia.
During UFE, the non-cancerous growth in the uterine wall is removed under the guidance of a fluoroscope. Uterine fibroids are usually responsible for heavy blood flow during menstruation in women.
Why choose India for Uterine Fibroids Treatment?
UFE treatment in India is quite popular among patients from abroad looking forward to reliable and affordable fibroid treatment. The country has emerged as one of the top destinations across the globe for the treatment of uterine fibroids. This is primarily because of the quality of its medical services, which are rendered at an extremely affordable cost.
The hospitals in India have highly experienced doctors and supporting staff. The patients can avail all diagnostic and therapeutic facilities under one roof at these medical centers. All of these facilities are available for the patients around the clock and can be accessed immediately in case of an emergency.
What are the types of Uterine Fibroids?
Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that grow in the uterine muscles.
There are four types of uterine fibroids:
Intramural fibroids: These are the most common type of fibroids and are located in the uterine wall.
Subserosal fibroids: These fibroids are located on the outer wall of the uterus. These may develop into the pedunculated fibroids. These may grow significantly bigger in size.
Submucosal fibroids: These fibroids are found in the muscles beneath the uterus wall lining.
Cervical fibroids: These fibroids are found in the cervix area of the uterus.
A patient may experience the following symptoms in the case of uterine fibroids:
Heavy menstrual bleeding
Discomfort in the pelvic region (feeling of heaviness or pressure)
Acute or severe pelvic pain
Bladder-related problems such as frequent urination and unable to void completely
Low back pain
Rectal pressure and hemorrhoids
Discomfort or pain during sexual intercourse
How to Diagnose Uterine Fibroids?
In most of the cases, the patient does not feel any symptoms that indicate uterine fibroids. These are generally diagnosed during a vaginal examination. The following tests may be conducted to diagnose the presence of uterine fibroids in the case of suspected cases:
Worried about the treatment Cost?
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Who is the best Candidate for Uterine Fibroid Embolization?
A patient may be advised by the doctor to undergo UFE in any of the following cases:
In case of severe pain or heavy bleeding during menstruation due to uterine fibroids
If UFE would become risky to conduct if performed after some other procedure
If the patient wants to avoid surgery for the removal of uterine fibroids
If the patient wants to keep the uterus intact
What procedures are used in Uterine Fibroid Removal?
An interventional radiologist performs the surgery under local anesthesia using fluoroscopy. A small incision is made in the skin of the groin region to access the femoral artery. A thin catheter is inserted into the femoral artery and guided to reach the uterine artery.
A contrast fluid containing iodine is then injected to map the fibroid location on a fluoroscope monitor. After that, tiny round-shaped particles of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) of the size of sand grains are injected into the artery which supplies the blood to the fibroid tumor.
This results in the blockage of the artery and within a few minutes the blood flow gets cut off, causing the tumor to shrink. The contrast fluid is injected once more to make sure that the blood flow to the fibroids is blocked. Another uterine fibroid is treated with the same procedure. It takes around one to two hours to complete the entire procedure.
How to recover from Uterine Fibroid Embolization?
A patient is usually advised to do the following to ensure an early and smooth recovery:
Wear sanitary pads to absorb the blood as the first menstruation after the surgery may result in heavy blood flow
To walk often to decrease the risk of blood clotting
To wash the incision area with a mild soap
To avoid sexual intercourse for few weeks
To avoid strenuous activity for 2 to 6 weeks
What are the Risks and Complications associated with Uterine Fibroid Embolization Treatment?
Uterine fibroid embolization is a safe technique and there are no major complications associated with this procedure. Complications may occur only in rare cases. Some of the complications may include the following:
Infection: Bacteria can get a site to grow in the degenerating fibroids, which may lead to endomyometritis. It is treated with the help of antibiotics. Some complex cases may require a hysterectomy.
Damage to the organs: There is a possible risk of the disruption of the ovarian blood supply in the case of unintended embolization of the ovary. This may lead to menopause if the patient is perimenopausal (nearing the menopause).
Future pregnancy-related issues: Pregnancy complications may arise in the patient but the chances are very rare. An abnormality in the placenta attaching to the uterus of one of the related complications.
Uterine Fibroid Embolization Hospitals in India
There are many options in India when it comes to the treatment of uterine fibroids. The best hospitals for UFE in India are located in different parts of the country and are not just restricted to only one state or city.
Some of the top hospitals are located in big metropolitan cities such as Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Noida, and Gurgaon. In addition, a handful of globally renowned UFE hospitals in India are also located in cities such as Nagpur, Jaipur, and Chandigarh.
A majority of the best fibroid treatment hospitals in India are internationally accredited by the Joint Commission International (JCI). Almost all of them are also accredited by National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH). These certifications are a proof of the fact that the standard of services offered at such hospitals is at par, if not better, than the international standards.
The cost of fibroid surgery in India is one of the lowest in the world. It is, in fact, estimated that the cost of UFE in India is just one-tenth the cost of the same procedure in the Western countries, including the US, UK, and Canada.
The overall cost of uterine fibroid embolization in India ranges between $2,800 and $5,500. On the other hand, the same treatment costs around $28,000 to $52,000 in the Western countries, especially in the US.
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FAQ – Fibroids Treatment India
Can Fibroids Turn Into Cancer?
Fibroids are almost always not cancerous. Less than one in 1,000 cancerous fibroid will occur. Having fibroids does not increase the risk of developing a cancerous fibroid. Having fibroids also does not increase a woman’s chances of getting other forms of cancer in the uterus.
What If Pregnant Woman Have Fibroids?
Small or medium sized fibroids alone are not a big risk to pregnancy. But fibroids may increase in size due to increased levels of hormones and blood flow to the uterus during pregnancy.
Uterine Fibroid Embolization Video
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