Arrhythmia Treatment in India

Last Modified: May 21, 2020  |   Created on: May 30, 2017
Heart

The cost of Arryhthmia treatment in India mainly depends on the type of surgery or treatment recommended by the doctor. Pacemaker implantation cost in India starts from $6000, which includes the cost of pacemaker and the implantation surgery cost. Some of the factors that dictate the total pacemaker surgery cost in India include the type of pacemaker used (single chamber or double chamber), the quality of the pacemaker, the duration of hospital stay, surgeon’s fees, and hospital charges.

Arrhythmia

Arrhythmia Surgery Cost in India

The cost of arrhythmia surgery in India is much less than what it costs in any other country. In fact, the affordable cost of medical treatment in India is one of the biggest factors why people choose to come to India for medical treatment. The cost can depend on several factors:

  • Treatment procedure
  • Technology used
  • Severity of defect
  • Location
  • Pre- and aftercare
  • Services included

The exact arrhythmia surgery cost in India that an inbound or outbound medical tourist would incur actually depends on several factors. Some of these factors include the choice of hospital, the choice of the city, the type of arrhythmia surgery conducted, doctor’s fees, duration of stay, hospitalization cost and expenses associated with pre- and post-operative diagnostic tests. Medical tourists from countries such as the US, the UK, Russia, Canada, and the UAE prefer to visit India because the cost of medical treatment here is extremely affordable and reasonable. The cost of arrhythmia surgery remains competitive even when other miscellaneous expenditures such as the cost of boarding, lodging, local transportation, and the internet and telephone charges are taken into account.

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Arrhythmia Surgery in India

Arrhythmia surgery in India is conducted to rectify the abnormal heart rate or beating of the heart. The irregular beating of the heart results in the ineffective pumping of the blood and as a result, different tissues and organs are not able to receive an appropriate amount of oxygenated blood. A majority of arrhythmias experienced by people occur when they skip a heartbeat or the heartbeats extra. This usually happens when they exercise or are feeling some strong emotions. On the other hand, some arrhythmias can be life-threatening. These arrhythmias require immediate treatment, which could be either surgical or non-surgical.

Arrhythmia surgery in India

Arrhythmia surgery in India is conducted when it is not possible to correct irregular heartbeat with the help of non-surgical procedures such as cardioversion, electrical or chemical cardioversion, and catheter radiofrequency ablation. The best hospitals for arrhythmia surgery in India are equipped with all the modern facilities and technology used to conduct surgical and non-surgical procedures. The availability of the best medical services, in addition to quality treatment, makes the entire medical treatment experience extremely great and comfortable for medical tourists.

Moreover, the best cardiology hospitals in India are equipped with the medical facilities required for the treatment of medical conditions from other specialties as well. Therefore, the patient can be immediately treated and transferred to some other specialty if they are diagnosed with some other condition during their course of treatment.

The best hospitals in India offer attractive arrhythmia surgery packages to patients from overseas. These packages are generally inclusive of the accommodation, boarding, food, medical treatment, and hospital stay expenses. In addition, there are dozens of other services that these hospitals or the medical facilitators that collaborate with these hospitals provide to the medical tourists, including 24X7 assistance, the internet, and telephone facilities and local travel assistance.

Types of Arrhythmia

There are different types of arrhythmias, depending on whether the patient is suffering from an increased or decreased beating of the heart. Atrial fibrillation is the most common and serious type of arrhythmia. Patients can seek atrial fibrillation treatment in India at an affordable cost, without compromising the quality of medical services. The following are some of the other types of arrhythmias:
  • Atrial flutter
  • Bradyarrhythmia
  • Ventricular fibrillation
  • Ventricular tachycardia
  • Ventricular arrhythmia
  • Supraventricular arrhythmias
  • Premature heartbeats
The course of treatment chosen by the doctor depends on the type of arrhythmia that the patient is suffering from.

Symptoms of Arrhythmia

An arrhythmia is characterized by an extra or a skipped heartbeat. While a majority of arrhythmias are harmless and are temporary, a small percentage of them may prove dangerous and lead to cardiac death, stroke or may mark the onset of heart disease. Therefore, it is important for the patient to consult a cardiologist as soon as they experience any of the following symptoms of arrhythmias:

  • Skipped heartbeat
  • Change in the way how your heartbeats
  • Palpitations (fast heartbeat)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain and dizziness
  • Sweating and paleness

How can Lyfboat assist you getting Arrhythmia Treatment in India?

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Lyfboat is a free advisory platform; we do not charge any fees from patients. In fact, we negotiate the price that Indian hospitals offer. In some cases we are able to reduce the cost by negotiating upto 20% of what Hospitals generally offer. We advise the best treatment from the top hospital/surgeon at best price.

What causes arrhythmias?

There are several factors that may lead to arrhythmias. An arrhythmia primarily results when the electrical impulse that makes the heartbeat is either too fast or too slow. There are many factors that can affect the intensity of the electrical impulse, including the following:

  • Improper nerve cells: Sometimes, an arrhythmia may result because of the improper functioning of the nerve cells that procedure electrical signals.
  • The problem within the heart: The electrical impulse may not be able to travel through the heart muscles because of an underlying condition.
  • Smoking and alcohol use: The use of nicotine, caffeine, and alcohol has been linked to the occurrence of arrhythmias.
  • Medications: Certain prescription medicines and over-the-counter drugs containing either cocaine or amphetamines have also been associated with the occurrence of arrhythmias.
  • Stress: The increase in blood pressure, anger, and stress hormones may sometimes lead to arrhythmias.
  • Cardiac event: A history of cardiac events such as heart attack, heart failure, coronary heart disease, and hypertension may disturb the heart’s electrical system, leading to arrhythmias.

Diagnosis of Arrhythmias

Once a patient arrives at the doctor with a certain set of arrhythmia symptoms, the doctor may decide to conduct a few diagnostic tests to diagnose the underlying problem. The following are some of the common tests used to diagnose arrhythmias at doctor’s or at a hospital:

  • Electrophysiologic study: This test involves the use of cardiac catheterization in which a catheter is inserted into the patient’s vein in the leg. It is made to reach up to the patient’s heart and the doctors then identify the problem area and the type of arrhythmia that the patient is suffering from.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG): This test makes use of special discs to measure the electrical activity of the heart. The results of this test appear on a screen that can be read by the doctor. This test is of different types, depending on the condition of the patient and the symptom’s experiences. Some of the common types of ECG conducted to measure the heart’s electrical activity include stress test (electrical ECG), resting ECG, trans-telephonic monitoring, and 24-hour monitoring using Holter monitor.

Non-surgical method for treatment of arrhythmia 

Following are the common types of procedures used for the non-surgical treatment of arrhythmias:

Vagal maneuvers: This includes some specific types of movements and exercises that can be easily performed at home, such as holding your breath and straining, or dunking face in ice water. They might stop certain kinds of arrhythmia that start above the lower part of the heart (supraventricular tachycardia). These maneuvers work on the nervous system (vagus nerves) which controls the heartbeat, causing the heart rate to slow down. However, it is not effective for all types of arrhythmias.

Medications: For various types of tachycardia, the doctor may prescribe medications to control or restore a normal heart rhythm. The patient has to take all the prescribed anti-arrhythmic medication exactly as directed by the doctor to have benefits and minimal complications.

Catheter radiofrequency ablation: This treatment involves the use of a catheter, which is inserted into a blood vessel. 

During an ablation process, a catheter is used to deliver high-frequency electrical energy to a small area of heart tissue that leads to an abnormal heart rhythm. The electric current blocks the pathway of an abnormal rhythm. The ablation technique is often used to treat SVTs, atrial flutter, and certain atrial or ventricular tachycardias. It can also be used to treat atrial fibrillation as the electric energy disrupts the electrical pathway between the atrium and ventricle. It can be combined with other treatment options to achieve successful results.

Cardioversion: This procedure is specifically used to treat atrial fibrillation. Drugs or electrical current is used to reset the heart rhythm.

  • Electrical cardioversion: In this type of treatment, the patient is given an electrical shock to stop the heart from beating. The heart rate becomes normal when it starts to beat again. This procedure is performed under the influence of light anesthesia.
  • Chemical cardioversion: This procedure is performed with the help of specific drugs or medications that help restore the normal rhythm of the heart.

 

Surgery

Surgery is most often recommended for the treatment of arrhythmias when all of the non-surgical options fail to work. There are different types of surgical procedures that can be conducted, depending on the condition of the patient and the type of arrhythmia that he or she may be suffering from. Some of the common types of surgical procedures used for the treatment of arrhythmias in India include the following:

Heart surgery is a major procedure and is mostly recommended for treatment of an arrhythmia when:

  • The patient needs heart surgery to treat an underlying heart disease which is causing the arrhythmia. It may involve valve surgery or coronary artery bypass surgery.
  • The Maze procedure and its modified version is usually reserves for people who have atrial fibrillation that can not be controlled with medications or non-surgical treatment methods. It is mostly recommended when other heart surgeries such as valve surgery are also planned, but it can be performed on its own too.
  • When slow heartbeats or bradycardias don’t have an underlying cause that can be treated, often a pacemaker implantation is recommended as there are currently no medications to reliably increase the heart rate.

Device implantation – 

Pacemaker implantation: A pacemaker is a special device used to correct the rhythm of the heart. This device, placed just below the surface of the chest, is connected to an electrode that activates the heart to beat faster if the heartbeat is slow. In case the heartbeat is too fast, it triggers the heart to beat slower.

Internal cardioverter defibrillator (ICD): ICD is a medical device used in case the heart beats too rapidly or if it fibrillates. This device triggers the heart to beat slower in case it detects that the heart rate is too high or if it crosses a certain limit. It helps the heart beat more effectively and pump blood as per nominal rare. This method is not used for the treatment of atrial fibrillation.

Biventricular pacemakers and defibrillators/ cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT)- A biventricular pacemakers and defibrillators is a treatment option for patients with heart failure and also have evidence of an asynchronous (uncoordinated) contraction of the left ventricle. It is also called as cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The implanted device helps synchronize the contraction of the left ventricle and restore normal rhythm. A CRT-D device has additional one or two leads than a traditional pacemaker and defibrillator which are usually placed in the right ventricle and right atrium. This device uses the extra lead to reach the back or left side of the left ventricle. During the procedure, the lead is typically guided through a small vein on the back of the heart, called the coronary sinus.

Other procedures 

Pulmonary vein isolation – This method can be used for people who have frequent, paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation. The isolation of the pulmonary veins is a type of ablation technique in which the areas that are targeted are thought to cause atrial fibrillation. During this procedure, the doctor creates the rings of scar to isolate the particular area which is responsible for triggering atrial fibrillation.

Minimally invasive heart surgery: A minimally invasive heart surgery is used to remove the abnormal heart tissues and correct other defects that may be leading to arrhythmia. Minimally invasive surgery leads to smaller scars as the heart is accessed through small holes. There is no need to open up the chest and separate the ribs, as in the case of open-heart surgery. As a result, the patient is able to recover quickly.

In some cases, following procedures may also be the recommended for treatment of heart arrhythmias:

Maze procedure: In this procedure, the surgeon makes a few surgical incisions in the tissue of the upper half of the heart (in the atria) and create a maze like pattern of scar tissue. As the scar tissues don’t conduct electricity, they may interfere with electrical energy that causes some types of arrhythmia.

It is an effective procedure, but because it involves surgery, the doctors generally recommend it for people who don’t respond to other treatments. Patients who are having a heart surgery for another reason may also be recommended this surgery.

Coronary bypass surgery: The doctor advises CABG when the patient has severe coronary artery disease along with arrhythmias. The coronary bypass surgery aims to improve the blood flow to the heart.

What can I do prevent arrhythmias problems?

Some types of arrhythmias can increase the risk of heart attack, cardiac arrest and stroke, which are life-threatening conditions. There are certain preventive measures a person can take to control risk factors, such as:

  • Reducing the high blood pressure
  • Keeping cholesterol levels in control 
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Including heart-healthy foods in the diet
  • Avoid smoking or using tobacco 
  • Regular physical activity and exercises 
Dr. Suneet Singh

Written By Dr. Suneet Singh

Dr. Suneet is a doctor-turned-Hospital Administrator with a rich 12 years plus multi-faceted experience in the field of operations management, Corporate and Public Health Administration. Formerly a practicing doctor, Dr. Suneet holds a post-graduate degree in Hospital and Healthcare management from one of the country's esteemed Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS)

Best Arrhythmia Treatment Hospitals in India

The best hospitals for arrhythmia surgery in India have all the facilities to handle the simplest to the most complex cases of arrhythmias. Most of these hospitals are accredited by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Joint Commission International (JCI) and National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH).

Thus, the best arrhythmia surgery hospitals in India deliver the highest quality of medical services, which is carefully monitored by these regulatory bodies. These certifications are proof of the fact that the hospital has met the expectations in terms of meeting the highest standard of quality.

Arrhythmia treatment in India is available in a majority of top Indian cities with state-of-the-art private hospitals. Some of the cities famous for high quality and affordable medical treatment include Mumbai, New Delhi, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Gurgaon, Kerala, and Noida.

The low cost of medical treatment in India is one of the main reasons why so many people from abroad visit the country. The same remains true about the cost of arrhythmia treatment in India.

India is well known for its high quality and affordable cardiology treatment, including arrhythmia surgery. The best hospitals in India house some of the top cardiology doctors in the world who have extensive experience in handling all types of patients and their associated medical complications.

The best hospitals for arrhythmia surgery in India are also empanelled with some of the most famous medical facilitators. These facilitators offer attractive packages and serve as a platform for communication between the medical staff and the patient. They organize for preliminary consultation and diagnosis even before the planned visit of the patient. In addition, they help conduct follow-up sessions even after the patient has landed back in their home country.

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