Brain Tumour Surgery in India
India has some of the top cancer hospitals in the world that have the most recent and advanced imaging techniques supported by connoisseurs in the field of brain tumour surgery. Brain tumor is marked by an abnormal growth of cells in the brain, which end up forming a mass of cells, lesion or a tumor.
Brain tumours can be both benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous). Compared to the past, India now has newer techniques available for accurately localizing lesions in the brain, which is important before brain tumor treatment can be initiated.
Besides, India uses multi-disciplinary treatment modalities for the treatment of brain tumour. These include brain suite or intra-operative MR navigation microsurgery, stereotactic radiosurgery, trans-nasal removal of tumour in the brain through the nose with the endoscopic procedure and neuro-interventional radiology for tumour embolization.
These specified procedures for brain tumour treatment supported by advanced computer screening enables surgeons to reach the tumour, which is seated in a remote corner of the brain. Such tumours are otherwise difficult to reach through traditional means.
During the surgery, doctors can keep an eye on the instrument movement inside the brain, thus ensuring complete control over the tumour inside the brain. ‘’Real-time’’ imaging helps to check if the tumour has been successfully removed as planned.
The reason why India is the most preferred destination for patients from all over the world is because of the country’s most knowledgeable and skilled doctors, low-cost cancer treatment, adequately-trained English speaking nurses and staff and advanced treatment options.
Gone are the days when the brain tumour was a scary health condition since modern surgical modalities and advanced technology have made it a successful procedure. India comprises of all types of facilities that are required to help patients with perfect clinical outcomes so that they can return back to their normal lives as quickly as possible.
Brain Tumour Surgery Hospitals in India
Some of the most coveted brain tumour hospitals in the world are found in India. The country is known for offering advanced medical facilities at the most reasonable cost. The best brain tumour treatment hospitals in India have a comprehensive solution for the most critical cases of the brain tumour.
Early diagnosis, surgery or treatment helps to enhance the chances of a successful outcome. The types of treatments followed in the best hospitals for brain tumour treatment in India are applied with the purpose of detecting symptoms, curing the tumour, and eventually improving brain function. The types of treatment in the brain tumour procedure include chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery.
The best cancer hospitals in India deliver advanced oncology care and highest quality services backed by elaborate infrastructure and lower treatment cost. Besides, India produces best quality medicines, drugs and consumables for cancer care at almost one-tenth of the price as is in the developed nations.
Another advantage is no language barrier. Since all the staff in hospitals, including nurses, physiotherapists, doctors, surgeons are well-trained in English speaking, patients from any part of the world coming to India feel comfortable in communicating their problems without any issues.
For a promising brain tumour treatment, it is extremely important to diagnose the condition and position of the tumour. Several steps are involved in brain tumour diagnosis, which includes brain scan, biopsy and neurological examination. A close check-up of the eye is also important to check for swelling which may be caused due to the tumour pressing on the nerves in the brain and the eye.
Best Brain Tumour Surgery Hospitals
Some of the best hospitals for Brain Tumour Surgery in India include the following:
Brain Tumour Surgery Cost in India
Brain tumour treatment cost is India is comparatively affordable than in the other countries in the world. The healthcare facilities in India and its allied services are available at the most reasonable price. The best brain surgeons in India boast of super speciality training and academic qualifications from some of the top medical institutions and hospitals in the US, UK and other developed countries.
Indians, as well as other foreign nationals coming to India for tumour treatment, can avail it at 15 to 20 percent of the total cost in the US or UK. Besides, surgical facilities offered are without any compromise in terms of quality and are meant to deliver highest success rate.
For instance, pituitary tumour excision surgery cost in India is around US $3000 to $6000, in contrast to the corresponding US cost between $15,000 to 30,000. Similarly, the skull base surgery cost in India is ranged from $4000 to $8000, while in the US the price ranges from $ 20,000 to $45,000. Stereotactic guided biopsy cost in India is between $1500 and $3000, while the same treatment costs between $5000 and $10000 in the US.
The cost of brain tumour treatment in India for overseas patients is inclusive of hospital stay, pick up from the airport, medicines, consumables and surgeon fees. It should be noted that the best and the most diversified types of medicinal products are produced in India at a very lower cost. This is what leads to low cost of medical treatment in India.
Causes and Symptoms of Brain Tumour
There are over 140 different types of brain tumours, which are classified into two main types – primary or metastatic brain tumors. Primary tumours are less dangerous as they stay intact inside the brain and do not spread outside. On the other hand, metastic tumours usually grow in other parts of the body, but eventually spread to the brain via blood tissue or lymphatic nodes.
Although there is no proven cause of brain tumour, but the reasons for its growth are attributed to genetic disorders traced back to family histories such as neurofibromatosis, tuberous sclerosis, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Hippel-Lindau disease, weak immunity system and exposure to radiation.
Brain tumour symptoms include a persistent headache. Other symptoms that the patients most often experience include balance problems, weakness in any one portion of the body, problems with memory, unable to concentrate, personality changes and changes in vision.
Some of the most popular brain tumours are astrocytoma, ganglioneuroma, central nervous system lymphoma, chordoma, acoustic neuroma, brain stem glioma, mixed glioma, primitive neuroectodermal and medulloblastoma.
Brain Tumor Diagnosis
To ensure successful brain tumour treatment, it is important to get the most feasible brain tumour diagnosis. Correct diagnosis will help confirm whether the patient is actually suffering from brain tumor or not, identify the stage of cancer and also figure out the extent of its spread.
Brain tumor diagnosis is primarily done with the help CT scans and MRIs. Another popular diagnostic procedure called PET scan measures the activities in the brain and transmits a signal to the computer by creating a live image.
Surgeons generally refer to PET scans to spot the difference between recurring tumour cells, scar tissues and necrosis. Biopsy is yet another procedure used by a pathologist to discriminate the normal cells from the abnormal cells. A biopsy result may show signs of cancer through tissue changes.
During a biopsy, a piece of tissues suspected to be affected by cancer is looked under a microscope. Cancer cells, thus, are differentiated from normal brain cells and brain cancer diagnosis is established.
Brain Tumour Treatment
By far, surgery is the best brain tumour treatment. While non-cancerous tumours are most suited for surgical procedures, cancerous tumours are attended by surgery along with radiation or chemotherapy.
Brain tumour surgery is done with the objective of ensuring a longer life and paving way for highly effective chemotherapy or internal radiation. In addition, it provides a pathway for delivering the best intra-surgical treatments such as hypertherapy or laser surgery that lead to elimination all of the tumour.
Apart from surgery, other treatment options for brain tumour include radiation therapy, chemotherapy and other types of therapies. The type of treatment to be considered by the oncologist and the design of the treatment plan depends on the age and general health of the patient, location of the brain tumour, type and grade of brain tumour and the size of the tumour.
In comparison to traditional radiation therapy, Proton therapy is highly commendable owing to its greater success rate and minimized brain tumor treatment side effects. In addition, it can reduce long-term complications and increase doses of the therapy for prompt recovery.
Most dangerous brain tumours and their treatment
Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is a type of serious and dangerous form of malignant brain tumour. GBM tumour is generally spotted in the cerebral hemispheres, which can actually spread to the brain, brainstem and spinal cord.
Some of the common characteristics of GBM are that they develop directly, less common in children, usually evolve from a very lower grade astrocytoma or oligodendroglioma, generally composed of varied types of cells, often seen in older men than women.
GBM treatment typically involves a surgery, which is combined with radiation therapy. Once the surgery is completed, radiation therapy is administered to destroy any leftover tumour cells. This procedure helps in preventing the reappearance of the tumour.
An inoperable brain tumour can be highly dangerous. Due to its remote and inaccessible location in the brain, such tumours are inoperable. However, there are treatments for these types of tumours. Medications and radiation therapy helps control the growth of such tumours.
Astrocytoma brain tumours have its source in astrocytes or star-shaped cells. These types of tumours are classified into four categories, which include grade I, grade II, grade III, grade IV. The most common symptom of this type of tumour is increasing the pressure inside the skull. Some of the major symptoms are personality changes, drowsiness, disordered conduct, obtuseness and lethargy. Astrocytoma tumours are treated best with radiation therapy.
Recovery After Brain Tumour Treatment
The benefits of brain tumour surgery manifest themselves differently from one patient to another. However, the objective of the surgery is to cure different types of brain tumours in all category of patients suffering from different types of brain tumors. Brain tumour treatment ensures the improvement of symptoms and enhanced quality of life.
Post-surgery, patients are generally recommended to regularly undergo physiotherapy, speech therapy and occupational therapy sessions. The motive of these therapies is to speed up the recovery and to help patients continue their normal daily activities without hindrance.
Overall, recovery after brain tumor surgery may take a few months, and the patients is likely to experience certain side effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy after the treatment.
The survival and success rate of brain tumour treatment depends upon the type and size of the tumour. The survival rate is lower, at 16 percent, in patients aged between 45 and 64, than 65 percent in children aged up to 14 years and 55 percent in patients aged between 15 and 45 years.
Remember, early diagnosis and treatment of brain tumour can help save patients’ lives and ensure better longevity. Besides, early detection enables restoration of brain functioning and maximum comfort for the patient.